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ʻAilāʻau eruption

ʻAilāʻau eruption
Volcano Kīlauea
Start date 1410 (?)[1]
End date 1470 (?)[1]
Type Hawaiian
Location Hawaiʻi, United States
VEI 0[1]

The ʻAilāʻau eruption is a prehistoric eruption of Kīlauea volcano on the island of Hawaiʻi in the Hawaiian Islands. Carbon 14 dated from approximately 1410 to 1470 with an eruptive volume of 5.2 ± 0.8 km3 and fed by lava tubes near Kīlauea Iki crater, it was among the last of a series of highly voluminous lava flows since about 1290 that blanketed vast swaths of what is now Hawaii County's Puna District. The Kazumura Cave lava tubes were also created by this eruption.[2][3] The ʻAilāʻau eruption occurred before written records, but was witnessed by Ancient Hawaiians, and through their oral traditions it is thought to have inspired the Hawaiian myth of ʻAilāʻau, whose name in the Hawaiian language means "forest-eater" in reference to the many forest lands consumed by lava.[4]

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ a b c "Kilauea". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2019-01-12.
  2. ^ Kilauea summit overflows: Their ages and distribution in the Puna District, Hawai'i - USGS
  3. ^ GEOL205: Kiluea [sic] eruptive history - Ken Hon, Ph.D., Professor of Geology, University of Hawai'i at Hilo
  4. ^ I. Ai Laau, The Forest Eater - Sacred Texts



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