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2002 Brazilian general election

2002 Brazilian general election

← 1998 6 October 2002 (first round)

27 October 2002 (second round)
2006 →
Presidential election
  Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva.jpg Serra02032007-2.jpg
Candidate Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva José Serra
Party PT PSDB
Alliance Lula President Great Alliance
Home state São Paulo [a] São Paulo
Running mate José Alencar Rita Camata
States carried 25 + DF 1
Popular vote 52,793,364 33,370,739
Percentage 61.27% 38.73%

2002 Brazilian presidential election map (Round 2).svg
Presidential election results map after the second round of voting: Red denotes states won by Lula, and Blue denotes those won by Serra.

President before election

Fernando Henrique Cardoso

PSDB

Elected President

Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva

PT

Legislative election


513 seats in the Chamber of Deputies

54 seats in the Senate
Party Leader % Seats ±
Chamber of Deputies
PT José Genoíno 18.4 91 +33
PSDB José Aníbal 14.3 71 -28
PFL Jorge Bornhausen 13.4 84 -21
PMDB 13.4 74 -9
PPB 7.8 49 -11
PSB Anthony Garotinho 5.3 22 +3
PDT 5.1 21 -4
PTB Roberto Jefferson 4.6 26 -5
PL Valdemar Costa Neto 4.3 26 +14
PPS 3.1 15 +12
PCdoB 2.2 12 +5
PRONA Enéas Carneiro 2.1 6 +5
PV 1.4 5 +5
PSC 0.6 1 -2
PST 0.6 3 +2
PSD 0.5 4 +1
PSL Luciano Bivar 0.5 1 New
PMN 0.3 1 -1
DC 0.2 1 New
Federal Senate
PT José Genoíno 14 +7
PSDB José Aníbal 11 -5
PFL Jorge Bornhausen 19 -1
PMDB 19 -7
PPB 1 -2
PSB 4 +1
PDT 5 +1
PTB Roberto Jefferson 3 +2
PL Valdemar Costa Neto 3 +3
PPS 1 0
PSD 1 New
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.
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General elections were held in Brazil on 6 October 2002, with a second round on 27 October. After three previous attempts, Workers' Party leader Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva secured a landslide triumph in a presidential election. Nevertheless, he did not manage to obtain the majority of valid votes in the first round; this led the presidential election to a second round, which Lula won with 52.7 million votes (61.3% of the total), becoming at the time the second most voted-for president in the world after Ronald Reagan in the 1984 United States presidential election.[1]

Background [ edit ]

During the second term of the Fernando Henrique Cardoso administration, a serious economic crisis began in Brazil as an impact of the 1997 Asian financial crisis. Commencing shortly after the 1998 elections, when Cardoso was re-elected, as a currency crisis, it resulted in a decrease in growth and employment rates and a rise in public debt. In an environment of distrust and uncertainty for investment, many investors feared the measures that were going to be taken if a left-wing candidate won the election. As a matter of fact, when Lula would rise in the polls, the so-called "Brazil risk" index, which measures the confidence of investors in the country, would also rise. The media called this the "Lula risk", indicating that if Lula was to win the election, the economy would fail. Lula was then forced to sign a text that became known as Carta aos Brasileiros (Letter to the Brazilian people), promising that if he won the election, he would not change the economic policy of Brazil. Many in the left-wing saw this as a shift to the center from Lula and his Workers' Party, which openly defended a transition to socialist economy in the 1989 presidential election.

Presidential candidates [ edit ]

Candidates in runoff [ edit ]

# Party/coalition Presidential candidate Political office(s) Vice-Presidential candidate
13
"Lula President"

PT, PL, PCdoB, PMN, PCB[b]
Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva.jpg
Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (PT) Federal Deputy from São Paulo 1987–91; PT National President 1980—88, 1990—94
Jose alencar 23 out 2007.jpg
José Alencar (PL)
45
"Great Alliance"

PSDB, PMDB[c]
Serra02032007-2.jpg
José Serra (PSDB) Minister of Health 1998–2002; Ministry of Planning 1995–96; Federal Deputy from São Paulo 1987–95
Deputada Rita Camata.jpg
Rita Camata (PMDB)

Candidates failing to make runoff [ edit ]

# Party/coalition Presidential candidate Political office(s) Vice-Presidential candidate
16
United Socialist Workers' Party (PSTU)
Camaçari - BA. Zé Maria, candidato à presidência pelo PSTU. (4790595816).jpg
José Maria de Almeida (PSTU) PSTU National President since 1993
Dayse Oliveira, PSTU-RJ.jpg
Dayse Oliveira (PSTU)
23
"Labour Front"

PPS, PTB, PDT
Cirogomes2006.jpg
Ciro Gomes (PPS) Minister of Finances 1994–95; Governor of Ceará 1991–94; Mayor of Fortaleza 1989–90; State Deputy of Ceará 1983–89
Paulinho d'Força.jpg
Paulo Pereira da Silva (PDT)
29
Workers' Cause Party (PCO)
Rui Costa Pimenta PCO ABr (cropped).jpg
Rui Costa Pimenta (PCO) PCO National President since 1995 Pedro Paulo Pinheiro (PCO)
40
"Brazil Hope Front"

PSB, PGT, PTC
Deputado Anthony Garotinho entrevistado em 2011 (cropped).jpg
Anthony Garotinho (PSB) Governor of Rio de Janeiro 1999–2002; Secretary of Agriculture and Interior of Rio de Janeiro 1992–93; Mayor of Campos dos Goytacazes 1989–92, 1997–98 José Antônio Figueiredo (PSB)

Results [ edit ]

President [ edit ]

Candidate Party Running mate Party First round Second round
Votes % Votes %
Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva PT José Alencar PL 39,454,692 46.44 52,793,364 61.27
José Serra PSDB Rita Camata PMDB 19,705,061 23.19 33,370,739 38.72
Anthony Garotinho PSB José Antônio Figueiredo PSB 15,179,879 17.87
Ciro Gomes PPS Paulo Pereira da Silva PDT 10,170,666 11.97
José Maria de Almeida PSTU Dayse Oliveira PSTU 402,232 0.47
Rui Costa Pimenta PCO Pedro Paulo de Abreu PCO 38,619 0.04
Invalid/blank votes 9,849,827 5,499,898
Total 94,804,126 100 91,664,259 100
Registered voters/turnout 115,254,113 82.26 115,254,113 79.53
Source: Regional Electoral Court of Pernambuco[2][3]
Popular vote (first round)
Lula
46.44%
Serra
23.19%
Garotinho
17.87%
Gomes
11.97%
Others
0.52%
Popular vote (second round)
Lula
61.27%
Serra
38.72%

Congress [ edit ]

e • d Summary of the 6 October 2002 National Congress of Brazilelection results
Parties Chamber of Deputies Federal Senate
Votes % Seats % Total seats elected in 2002
Workers' Party (Partido dos Trabalhadores) 16,093,987 18.4 91 . 14 10
Brazilian Social Democracy Party (Partido da Social-Democracia Brasileira) 12,534,774 14.3 71 . 11 8
Liberal Front Party (Partido da Frente Liberal) 11,706,231 13.4 84 . 19 14
Brazilian Democratic Movement Party (Partido do Movimento Democrático Brasileiro) 11,692,011 13.4 74 . 19 9
Progressive Party (Partido Progresista) 6,840,041 7.8 49 . 1 -
Brazilian Socialist Party (Partido Socialista Brasileiro) 4,616,860 5.3 22 . 4 3
Democratic Labour Party (Partido Democrático Trabalhista) 4,482,528 5.1 21 . 5 4
Brazilian Labour Party (Partido Trabalhista Brasileiro) 4,052,107 4.6 26 . 3 2
Liberal Party (Partido Liberal) 3,780,259 4.3 26 . 3 2
Socialist People's Party (Partido Popular Socialista) 2,682,339 3.1 15 . 1 1
Communist Party of Brazil (Partido Comunista do Brasil) 1,967,833 2.2 12 . - -
Party of the Reconstruction of the National Order (Partido da Reedificação da Ordem Nacional) 1,804,655 2.1 6 . - -
Green Party (Partido Verde) 1,182,364 1.4 5 . - -
Social Christian Party (Partido Social Cristão) 504,611 0.6 1 . - -
Social Labour Party (Partido Social Trabalhista) 504,044 0.6 3 . - -
Social Democratic Party (Partido Social Democrático) 452,386 0.5 4 . 1 1
Social Liberal Party (Partido Social Liberal) 408,512 0.5 1 . - -
Brazilian Labour Renewal Party (Partido Renovador Trabalhista Brasileiro) 304,092 0.3 - . - -
Humanist Party of Solidarity (Partido Humanista de Solidaridade) 294,920 0.3 - . - -
Party of National Mobilization (Partido da Mobilização Nacional) 282,875 0.3 1 . - -
Progressive Republican Party (Partido Republicano Progresista) 251,970 0.2 - . - -
General Party of the Workers (Partido Geral dos Trabalhadores) 194,686 0.2 - . - -
Christian Social Democratic Party (Partido Social Democrata Cristão) 192,545 0.2 1 . - -
Labour Party of Brazil (Partido Trabalhista do Brasil ) 168,639 0.2 - . - -
United Socialist Workers' Party (Partido Socialista dos Trabalhadores) 159,251 0.2 - . - -
Party of the Nation's Retirees (Partido dos Aposentados da Naçao) 126,663 0.1 - . - -
National Labor Party (Partido Trabalhista Nacional) 118,471 0.1 - . - -
Christian Labour Party (Partido Trabalhista Cristão) 74,955 0.1 - . - -
Brazilian Communist Party (Partido Comunista Brasileiro) 45,963 0.1 - . - -
Party of the Working Class's Cause (Partido da Causa Operária) 29,351 0.1 - . - -
Total (turnout 82.3 %) 87,549,923 100 513 81 54
Source: Banco de Dados Eleitorais do Brasil

Notes [ edit ]

  1. ^ Born in Pernambuco, electoral based in São Paulo
  2. ^ Unofficially supporting parties: PV and PMDB in some states. In the second round: PPS, PDT, PTB, PSB, PGT, PSC, PTC and PHS.
  3. ^ Supporting parties in the second round: PFL, PPB, PSL, PTN, PSDC, PRTB, PSD, PRP, PAN and PTdoB.

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ "Qual foi o presidente eleito com a maior votação?". Super Interessante (in Portuguese). 30 November 2002. Retrieved 14 November 2020.
  2. ^ "Eleições 2002 - 1° turno - Resultado da Votação para Presidente do Brasil". Tribunal Regional Eleitoral de Pernambuco (in Portuguese). 6 October 2002. Retrieved 14 November 2020.
  3. ^ "Eleições 2002 - 2° turno - Resultado da Votação para Presidente do Brasil". Tribunal Regional Eleitoral de Pernambuco. 27 October 2002. Retrieved 14 November 2020.
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