Carnival of Aalst
The Carnival of Aalst (Dutch: Carnaval Aalst, local dialect: Carnaval Oilsjt) or Aalst Carnival is a yearly three-day event in the Belgian city of Aalst. It is recognised by UNESCO as a Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity. The carnival is celebrated in the days preceding Ash Wednesday. It is mainly a street happening; the celebrants dance on the city squares and visit café after café.
History [ edit ]
The Aalst carnival has its origin in the Middle Ages. Cavalcades were held since 1851, yet without organisation by the city council. Only the events starting from 1923 are counted as official editions, as the Aalst city council organized the parade from then on. In 2010 the Aalst carnaval was awarded the status of UNESCO intangible World Heritage.
Course of events [ edit ]
The carnival starts on Sunday and ends on Shrove Tuesday. On the Saturday evening before the start of the canival, in the De Werf cultural centre, a humorous city council session takes place, in which Prince Carnival receives the city key and local politicians are mocked. The session is held in the local dialect (Oilsjters) and is done by experienced carnival members rather than the actual city council.
On Sunday the great carnival parade crosses the streets, a spectacle involving tens of thousands of visitors every year. Over 100 floats are included, and since 1970 the carnival groups are only from Aalst itself. Apart from these large groups smaller 'loose groups' participate; they lay their focus more on mockery and satire than the decorative aspect. These 'small' groups can count as many as 100 members.
The Monday parade has a different atmosphere than the Sunday one; the floats don't follow the strict Sunday order of appearance. In the evening, prizes are awarded based on points given on Sunday. In addition, a yearly Broom Dance by the Gilles of Aalst takes place, followed by the "onion throw". Prince Carnival and party committee members throw onion-sized candies from the balcony of the city hall; some of them include numbers matching prizes and one special prize: a golden onion, uniquely designed for that year's Carnival. In the evening, just as on Monday, many town squares are the centre of celebration.
On Tuesday the Stoet van de Voil Jeanetten (Aalst dialect for "Parade of the Dirty Sissies") goes through the streets. In this parade, men walk around in women's clothes and props such as a bird cage, a herring, fake breasts, corsets, a fur coat, a worn out umbrella and a stroller. This tradition originates from the history of Aalst, when the lower class was too poor to buy or make a beautiful carnival costume. Instead, the men put on the old and worn clothes of their wives. In the evening, a traditional effigy burning takes place to end the carnival event. To extend the time until the burning of the giant puppet, the participants whistle and shout aloud, but once the puppet catches fire the carnival comes to its emotional end with a third evening of celebrations.
Since 1953, each year a Prince Carnival is elected; he can reign the city during the entire three-day event. Also Emperor Carnival plays an important role. To become Emperor, one needs to be Prince in three prior events.
Controversy [ edit ]
In recent years, the parade has been marked by several floats and puppets with stereotypically antisemitic and racist imagery. In 2013, a group had members who dressed up in SS-uniforms and paraded around with cans marked Zyklon B, which led to a furious protest by UNESCO. In 2019, one float featured two huge puppets resembling orthodox Jews, one with a rat on his shoulder, sitting on bags of money and gold coins.
Images [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
- sdg; mtm (16 Nov 2010). "Aalst Carnaval erkend als werelderfgoed". De Standaard (in Dutch). Retrieved 23 Jan 2015.
- "86e carnavalsstoet uitgereden in Aalst" (in Dutch). VRT. 2 Mar 2014. Retrieved 23 Jan 2015.
- Van Belle, Bart (February 13, 2013). "Unesco furieus over nazi-taferelen tijdens Aalst Carnaval". Het Nieuwsblad (in Dutch). Retrieved March 5, 2019.
- Van Belle, Bart (February 14, 2013). "Schauvliege stuurt brief naar Unesco over Aalst carnaval". De Standaard (in Dutch). Retrieved March 5, 2019.
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