Abd al-Razzaq Lahiji
Life [ edit ]
Hailing from Lahijan in Gilan, he spent most of his life in Qom. Abd al—Razzaq was a son-in-law of Mulla Sadra along with Molla Mohsen Feyz Kashani. His son Hasan would become another prominent theologian and philosopher of the Safavid dynasty. Seyyed Hossein Nasr knows him among the intellectual figures in Persia. Abd al—Razzaq was in agreement with Molla Sadra as to the contrast between primacy of quiddity and primacy of existence.
Works [ edit ]
- Gawhar-e morād (Tehran, 1271 AH), a detailed exposition of his theology
- Sarmāya-ye īmān
- Dīvān, a volume of his poetry
- Tašrīqāt, three treatises on divine unity, justice and love
Teaching and pupils [ edit ]
According to Madlung, Abd-Razzaq taught at the Masumieh madrasah. There his prominent pupils included his sons Hasan and Ebrahim as well as Qazi Saeed Qommi.
Philosophy [ edit ]
Lāhīǰī stands at the end of a transition in Islamic scholastic theology in which the thought system of kalam was gradually replaced by that of falsafa, heavily influenced by the school of Avicenna. Lahiji in fact developed a form of Kalam which is hardly distinguishable from Hikmat, although at least in his better known works such as the "Gawhar-e morād" he does not follow the main doctrinal teachings of Mulla Sadra, as on the unity of Being and the catharsis of the faculty of imagination.
References [ edit ]
- W. Madelung, "ʿABD-AL-RAZZĀQ LĀHĪJĪ" in Encyclopaedia Iranica
- SAJJAD H. RIZVI in Josef Meri,p.531.2006
- Ostadi Reza, Hasan Lahiji and his cradle of certainty, p.88, Mirath Javid Magazine (in Persian)
- Nasr in Expectation of the Millennium : Shiìsm in History,p.165.1989
- Morris Zailan, Revelation, Intellectual Intuition and Reason in the Philosophy of Mulla Sadra: An Analysis of the Al-hikmah Al-'arshiyyah, p.196.1392 Ap.
- "ʿABD-AL-RAZZĀQ LĀHĪJĪ".
- Cambridge History of Iran, Volume 6 - The Timurid and Safavid Periods, p.691