Abd al-Razzaq Lahiji

ʿAbd-Al-Razzāq B. ʿAlī B. Al-Hosayn Lāhījī (died c. 1072 AH [1662 CE]) was an Iranian theologian, poet and philosopher.[1] His mentor in philosophy was his father-in-law Mulla Sadra.

Life [ edit ]

Hailing from Lahijan in Gilan, he spent most of his life in Qom. Abd al—Razzaq was a son-in-law of Mulla Sadra along with Molla Mohsen Feyz Kashani.[2] His son Hasan would become another prominent theologian and philosopher of the Safavid dynasty.[3] Seyyed Hossein Nasr knows him among the intellectual figures in Persia.[4] Abd al—Razzaq was in agreement with Molla Sadra as to the contrast between primacy of quiddity and primacy of existence.[5]

Works [ edit ]

  • Gawhar-e morād (Tehran, 1271 AH), a detailed exposition of his theology
  • Sarmāya-ye īmān
  • Dīvān, a volume of his poetry
  • Tašrīqāt, three treatises on divine unity, justice and love

Teaching and pupils [ edit ]

According to Madlung, Abd-Razzaq taught at the Masumieh madrasah. There his prominent pupils included his sons Hasan and Ebrahim as well as Qazi Saeed Qommi.[6]

Philosophy [ edit ]

Lāhīǰī stands at the end of a transition in Islamic scholastic theology in which the thought system of kalam was gradually replaced by that of falsafa, heavily influenced by the school of Avicenna.[1] Lahiji in fact developed a form of Kalam which is hardly distinguishable from Hikmat, although at least in his better known works such as the "Gawhar-e morād" he does not follow the main doctrinal teachings of Mulla Sadra, as on the unity of Being and the catharsis of the faculty of imagination.[7]

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ a b W. Madelung, "ʿABD-AL-RAZZĀQ LĀHĪJĪ" in Encyclopaedia Iranica
  2. ^ SAJJAD H. RIZVI in Josef Meri,p.531.2006
  3. ^ Ostadi Reza, Hasan Lahiji and his cradle of certainty, p.88, Mirath Javid Magazine (in Persian)
  4. ^ Nasr in Expectation of the Millennium : Shiìsm in History,p.165.1989
  5. ^ Morris Zailan, Revelation, Intellectual Intuition and Reason in the Philosophy of Mulla Sadra: An Analysis of the Al-hikmah Al-'arshiyyah, p.196.1392 Ap.
  7. ^ Cambridge History of Iran, Volume 6 - The Timurid and Safavid Periods, p.691
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