Al-Qatt Al-Asiri

Al-Qatt Al-Asiri
Fatima Abou Gahas, a well known nagash painter, sits in front of a nagash fresco.
Country Saudi Arabia
Domains female traditional interior wall decoration
Reference 01261
Inscription history
Inscription 2017
List Representative
Unesco Cultural Heritage logo.svg

Al-Qatt Al-Asiri (also called nagash painting or majlis painting), is a style of Arabic art, typically painted by women in the entrance to a home. It originated in the Asir province of Saudi Arabia where the front parlour of traditional Arab homes typically contained wall paintings in the form of a mural or fresco with geometric designs in bright colors. Called nagash in Arabic, the wall paintings are often considered a mark of pride.[1] In 2017 Al-Qatt Al-Asiri was inscribed on UNESCO's list of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.[2]

Women’s artwork [ edit ]

Women in the Asir region are traditionally responsible for plastering and painting the walls, corridors, and ceilings of their homes. A family’s wealth is often signified by the skill, color, and complexity of the paintings, with poorer homes decorated in basic straight, simple lines in red, green, yellow, and brown.[citation needed] Women within the same neighborhood sometimes compete to make the most vivid and extravagant designs.

Women's artwork is heavily influenced by their love for music, their view of culture and general perception of life[citation needed]; for example, the artwork of more conservative women is more likely to feature conservative and modest colors.[citation needed]

The interior walls of the home are brightly painted, employing defined patterns of lines, triangles, squares, diagonals and tree-like patterns.[1] The geometric designs and heavy lines seem to be adapted from the area’s textile and weaving patterns.[3]

Women from the region sometimes sell miniature 'Asiri houses as souvenirs and knickknacks, which are popular among Saudi city-dwellers, who find these colorful houses a source of wonder.[4]

Airport art [ edit ]

The Saudi provincial airport in Abha reflects the region's cultural heritage. Airport Director Abdul Aziz Abu Harba said that "the seating arrangement at the airport lounge has been in the form of a traditional majlis and the walls are painted in various colors reflecting the natural beauty of Asir".[5]

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ a b Yunis, Alia, "The Majlis Painters,"Archived 2013-08-30 at the Wayback Machine Saudi Aramco World Magazine, July/August 2013, pages 24-31.
  2. ^ "Al-Qatt Al-Asiri". UNESCO. Retrieved 19 September 2018.
  3. ^ Maha Al Faisal and Khalid Azzam. 1999Archived 2014-01-02 at the Wayback Machine. "Doors of the Kingdom" Saudi Aaramco World. This article appeared on pages 68-77 of the January/February 1999 print edition of Saudi Aramco World]
  4. ^ Ni'Mah Isma'il Nawwab (1998). "The Suqs of 'Asir". Archived from the original on 2012-05-07. Retrieved 2013-07-19.Cite magazine requires |magazine= (help) This article appeared on pages 2-9 of the July/August 1998 print edition of Saudi Aramco World.
  5. ^ Mishaal Al-Tamimi (19 May 2011). "2011 "Abha airport reflects heritage". Arab News. Retrieved 19 September 2018.
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