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Alessandro Crescenzi (cardinal)

Alessandro Crescenzi
Cardinal Priest of Santa Prisca
Church Catholic Church
In office 1675–1688
Predecessor Carlo Pio di Savoia
Successor Marcello Durazzo
Orders
Consecration 26 July 1643

by Alessandro Cesarini (iuniore)
Created cardinal 27 May 1675
Rank Cardinal Priest
Personal details
Born 1607

Rome, Italy
Died 8 May 1688 (age 81)

Rome, Italy
Nationality Italian
Previous post Bishop of Termoli (1643–1644)

Bishop of Ortona a Mare e Campli (1644–1652)

Bishop of Bitonto (1652–1668)

Titular Patriarch of Alexandria (1671–1676)

Archbishop (Personal Title) of Recanati e Loreto (1676–1682)

Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals (1685–1688)

Alessandro Crescenzi, C.R.S. (1607 – 8 May 1688) was a Roman Catholic cardinal who served as Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals (1685–1688), Archbishop (Personal Title) of Recanati e Loreto (1676–1682), Titular Patriarch of Alexandria (1671–1676), Bishop of Bitonto (1652–1668), Bishop of Ortona a Mare e Campli (1644–1652), and Bishop of Termoli (1643–1644).[1][2]

Biography [ edit ]

Alessandro Agostino Crescenzi was born in Rome, Italy, in 1607, the son of Giovanni Battista Crescenzi and Anna Massimi.[1] He is related to Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi (named 1542) and is the nephew of Cardinal Pier Paolo Crescenzi (named 1611).[1] He was ordained a priest in the Ordo Clericorum Regularium a Somascha.[1][2]

On 13 July 1643, he was elected during the papacy of Pope Urban VIII as Bishop of Termoli.[1][2] On 26 July 1643, he was consecrated bishop by Alessandro Cesarini (iuniore),[1] Cardinal-Deacon of Sant'Eustachio.[2]

On 13 June 1644, he was appointed during the papacy of Pope Urban VIII as Bishop of Ortona a Mare e Campli.[1][2]

On 26 August 1652, he was appointed during the papacy of Pope Innocent X as Bishop of Bitonto.[1][2] He was named nuncio in Savoy by Pope Innocent X where he served until 1658.[1]

On 14 May 1668, he resigned as Bishop of Bitonto.[1][2] On 23 December 1670, he was named Prefect of the Cubiculi of His Holiness.[1] On 19 January 1671, he was promoted by Pope Clement X as Titular Patriarch of Alexandria.[1][2] On 27 May 1675, he was installed as Cardinal Priest of Santa Prisca in the consistory of 1675.[1][2]

On 24 February 1676, he was appointed during the papacy of Pope Clement X as Bishop of Recanati e Loreto where he served until his resignation on 9 January 1682.[1][2] As cardinal, he participated in the conclave of 1676 which elected Pope Innocent XI.[1] On 9 April 1685, he was named camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals.[1]

He died on 8 May 1688 in Rome and is buried in the church of S. Maria in Vallicella in the same city.[1]

Episcopal succession [ edit ]

While bishop, he was the principal consecrator of:[2]

and the principal co-consecrator of:[2]

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Miranda, Salvador. "CRESCENZI, C.R.S., Alessandro (1607-1688)". The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. Retrieved 29 February 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Cheney, David M. "Alessandro Cardinal Crescenzi, C.R.S." Catholic-Hierarchy.org. Retrieved June 16, 2018. [self-published]

External links and additional sources [ edit ]

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by

Gerolamo Cappello
Bishop of Termoli

1643–1644
Succeeded by

Cherubino Manzoni
Preceded by

Francesco Antonio Biondo
Bishop of Ortona a Mare e Campli

1644–1652
Succeeded by

Carlo Bonafaccia
Preceded by

Giovanni Battista Landi
Apostolic Nuncio to Savoy

1646–1658
Succeeded by

Carlo Roberti de' Vittori
Preceded by

Fabrizio Carafa (bishop)
Bishop of Bitonto

1652–1668
Succeeded by

Tommaso Acquaviva d'Aragona
Preceded by

Federico Borromeo (iuniore)
Titular Patriarch of Alexandria

1671–1676
Succeeded by

Aloysius Bevilacqua
Preceded by

Giacinto Cordella
Archbishop (Personal Title) of Recanati e Loreto

1676–1682
Succeeded by

Guarnerio Guarnieri
Preceded by

Girolamo Gastaldi
Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals

1685–1688
Succeeded by

Galeazzo Marescotti
Preceded by

Carlo Pio di Savoia
Cardinal Priest of Santa Prisca

1675–1688
Succeeded by

Marcello Durazzo
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