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Alma-Ata Protocol

Alma-Ata Protocol
RIAN archive 41059 CIS heads of state.jpg
Signing ceremony
Type Treaty establishing a founding declarations and principles of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS).
Signed 21 December 1991
Location Alma-Ata, Kazakhstan, Soviet Union
Effective 21 December 1991
Signatories  Russia: Boris Yeltsin

 Ukraine: Leonid Kravchuk

 Belarus: Stanislav Shushkevich

 Armenia: Levon Ter-Petrosyan

 Azerbaijan: Ayaz Mutallibov

 Kazakhstan: Nursultan Nazarbayev

 Kyrgyzstan: Askar Akayev

 Moldova: Mircea Snegur

 Tajikistan: Rahmon Nabiyev

23x15px Turkmenistan: Saparmurat Niyazov

 Uzbekistan: Islam Karimov

The Alma-Ata Protocols were the founding declarations and principles of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). The leaders of Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus had agreed to the Belovezha Accords on 8 December 1991, dissolving the Soviet Union and forming the CIS. On 21 December 1991, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan agreed to the Alma-Ata Protocols, joining the CIS. The latter agreement included the original three Belavezha signatories, as well as eight additional former Soviet republics. Georgia was the only former republic that have not participated while Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia refused to do so after restoring their pre-1940 independence status.[1]

The protocols consisted of declaration, three agreements and separate appendices. In addition, Marshal Yevgeny Shaposhnikov was confirmed as acting Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of the Commonwealth of Independent States. Separate treaty was signed between Belarus, Kazakhstan, Russia, and Ukraine "About mutual measures in regards to nuclear weapon".[2]

Agreement on Councils of Heads of State and Government [ edit ]

A provisional agreement on the membership and conduct of Councils of Heads of State and Government was concluded between the members of the Commonwealth of Independent States on December 30, 1991.

Agreement on Strategic Forces [ edit ]

Concluded between the 11 members of the Commonwealth of Independent States on December 30, 1991.

Agreement on Armed Forces and Border Troops [ edit ]

Concluded between the members of the Commonwealth of Independent States on December 30, 1991.

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ "THE ALMA-ATA DECLARATION". Federal Research Division / Country Studies / Area Handbook Series / Belarus / Appendix C. Library of Congress.
  2. ^ (Угода про спільні заходи щодо ядерної зброї). Verkhovna Rada. 21 December 1991

External links [ edit ]



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