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Amfikleia

Amfikleia


Αμφίκλεια
Amfikleia is located in Greece
Amfikleia
Amfikleia
Location within the regional unit
Coordinates: 38°38′N22°35′E / 38.633°N 22.583°E / 38.633; 22.583Coordinates: 38°38′N22°35′E / 38.633°N 22.583°E / 38.633; 22.583
Country Greece
Administrative region Central Greece
Regional unit Phthiotis
Municipality Amfikleia-Elateia
 • Municipal unit 229.37 km2 (88.56 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Municipal unit
4,186
 • Municipal unit density 18/km2 (47/sq mi)
Community
 • Population 3,191 (2011)
 • Area (km2) 108.12
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)
Vehicle registration ΜΙ

Amfikleia (Greek: Αμφίκλεια, before 1915: Δαδί - Dadi[2]) is a town and a former municipality in Phthiotis, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Amfikleia-Elateia, of which it is a municipal unit.[3] The municipal unit has an area of 229.366 km2, the community 108.124 km2.[4] At the 2011 census, the population of the municipal unit was 4,186 and of the community 3,191.[1] The town is situated at the northern foot of Mount Parnassus, in the valley of the river Cephissus.[5] It is 11 km northwest of Kato Tithorea and 31 km southeast of Lamia. Greek National Road 3 (Thebes - Lamia) passes through the town. The town is servered by a railway station with connections on the Athens–Thessaloniki railway.

Subdivisions [ edit ]

The municipal unit Amfikleia consists of the following communities:

  • Amfikleia
  • Bralos
  • Drymaia
  • Palaiochori
  • Tithroni
  • Xylikoi

History [ edit ]

Amfikleia was named after the ancient town Amphicleia (Ancient Greek: Ἀμφίκλεια). Amphicleia was also named Amphicaea (Ἀμφίκαια) and Ophiteia (Ὀφιτεία). It was situated in the north of ancient Phocis.[6] The Persians under Xerxes destroyed the city in 480 BC during the second Persian invasion of Greece.[7] It was rebuilt afterwards, and at the time of Pausanias (2nd century AD), it was known for the worship of Dionysus.[6][8]

During the Middle Ages, a tower was built on the site of the acropolis. Today the site is occupied by the cemetery.[5]

The town Dadi, which was founded near the site of ancient Amphicleia, was renamed to Amfikleia in 1915.[2]

Notable people [ edit ]

Gallery [ edit ]

External links [ edit ]

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ a b c "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority.
  2. ^ a b "Πανδέκτης: Dadi -- Amfikleia". Retrieved 21 October 2010.
  3. ^ Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (in Greek)
  4. ^ "Population & housing census 2001 (incl. area and average elevation)"(PDF) (in Greek). National Statistical Service of Greece. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-09-21.
  5. ^ a b Koder, Johannes; Hild, Friedrich (1976). Tabula Imperii Byzantini, Band 1: Hellas und Thessalia (in German). Vienna: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften. p. 122. ISBN 978-3-7001-0182-6.
  6. ^ a b  Smith, William, ed. (1854–1857). "Amphicaea". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray.
  7. ^ Herodotus, Histories 8.33
  8. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece 10.33.9-11
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