Ar-Rashid (1109–1138)


30th Caliph of the Abbasid Caliphate

Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad
Reign 29 August 1135 – 17 August 1136
Predecessor Al-Mustarshid
Successor Al-Muqtafi
Born 1109

Baghdad, Abbasid Caliphate now Iraq
Died 6 June 1138 (aged 29)

Isfahan, Abbasid Caliphate, now Iran
Dynasty Abbasid
Father Al-Mustarshid
Mother Umm al-Sada
Religion Sunni Islam

Ar-Rashid (1109 – 6 June 1138) (Arabic: الراشد‎) was the Abbasid caliph in Baghdad from 1135 to 1136. He succeeded his father al-Mustarshid in the year 1135 as the thirtieth Abbasid caliph.

Like his father, al-Mustarshid, ar-Rashid made another failed attempt at independence from Seljuk Turks. To avenge his father's death, he insulted the envoy of sultan Ghiyath ad-Din Mas'ud who came to demand a heavy largess, incited the mob to plunder his palace, and then, supported by Zengi, who was equally hostile to the sultan because of the murder of Dubais ibn Sadaqah, set up a rival sultan. Mas'ud hastened to the rebellious capital and laid siege to it. Baghdad, well defended by the river and its canals, resisted the attack; but in the end the caliph and Zengi, hopeless of success, escaped to Mosul. The sultan's power restored, a council was held, the caliph deposed, and his uncle al-Muqtafi was appointed as the new caliph.

Ar-Rashid fled to Isfahan where he was assassinated by a team of four Nizari Ismailis (Assassins) in June 1138. This was celebrated in Alamut for a week.[1]

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ Daftary, Farhad (1992). The Isma'ilis: Their History and Doctrines. Cambridge University Press. p. 384. ISBN 978-0-521-42974-0.
Cadet branch of the Banu Hashim
Born: 1109  Died: 6 June 1138
Sunni Islam titles
Preceded by

Caliph of Islam

Abbasid Caliph

29 August 1135 – 1136
Succeeded by


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