|30th Caliph of the Abbasid Caliphate
Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad
|Reign||29 August 1135 – 17 August 1136|
Baghdad, Abbasid Caliphate now Iraq
|Died||6 June 1138 (aged 29)
Isfahan, Abbasid Caliphate, now Iran
Like his father, al-Mustarshid, ar-Rashid made another failed attempt at independence from Seljuk Turks. To avenge his father's death, he insulted the envoy of sultan Ghiyath ad-Din Mas'ud who came to demand a heavy largess, incited the mob to plunder his palace, and then, supported by Zengi, who was equally hostile to the sultan because of the murder of Dubais ibn Sadaqah, set up a rival sultan. Mas'ud hastened to the rebellious capital and laid siege to it. Baghdad, well defended by the river and its canals, resisted the attack; but in the end the caliph and Zengi, hopeless of success, escaped to Mosul. The sultan's power restored, a council was held, the caliph deposed, and his uncle al-Muqtafi was appointed as the new caliph.
References [ edit ]
- This text is adapted from William Muir's 1924 book The Caliphate: Its Rise, Decline, and Fall , which is in the public domain.
Cadet branch of the Banu HashimBorn: 1109 Died: 6 June 1138
|Sunni Islam titles|
|Caliph of Islam
29 August 1135 – 1136
|This biographical article about a person notable in connection with Islam is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|