Armed Forces of Montenegro

Armed Forces of Montenegro
Montenegrin: Vojska Crne Gore / Војска Црне Горе
Vojska Crne Gore.svg
Founded 1879
Current form 2006 (reconstituted)
Service branches Montenegrin Ground Army

Montenegrin Navy

Montenegrin Air Force
Headquarters Podgorica
Commander-in-chief Milo Đukanović
Minister of Defence Olivera Injac
Chief of the General Staff Vacant [1]
Military age 18+
Conscription Abolished in 2006
Active personnel 2,368 (2020)
Reserve personnel 2,800
Budget €61,000,000 (2019)
Percent of GDP 2.68% (2019)
Domestic suppliers TARA Aerospace and Defence Products AD
Foreign suppliers   European Union


Related articles
History Military history of Montenegro
Ranks Military ranks of Montenegro

The Armed Forces of Montenegro (Montenegrin: Vojska Crne Gore / Војска Црне Горе) consists of an army, navy and air force. The military is a standing army.

The military currently maintains a force of 2,400 active duty members. The bulk of its equipment and forces were inherited from the Armed Forces of Serbia and Montenegro; as Montenegro contained the entire coastline of the former union, it retained the entire naval force.

In June 2017, Montenegro joined NATO as the twenty-ninth member.

Command [ edit ]

Leadership [ edit ]

Ministry of Defence [ edit ]

Bases [ edit ]

Air Bases [ edit ]

Naval Bases [ edit ]

  • Bar Naval Base
  • Pero Ćetković Base
  • Pristan Base

Army Bases [ edit ]

  • Milovan Šaranović Army Base
  • Nikšić Army Base
  • V. K. Volođa Army Base
  • Breza Army Base
  • Masline Army Base
  • Аndrijevica Army Base

Units and structure [ edit ]

Structure of the Montenegrin military, 2019
  • Generalstab Vojske Crne Gore.png General Staff – Podgorica [2]
  • Pjesadijski bataljon.png1st Infantry Battalion
    • 1st Infantry Company-Niksic
    • 2nd Infantry Company-Pljevlja
    • 3nd Infantry Company-Andrijevica
    • Infantry (Mountain) Company-Kolasin
    • Fire Support Company-Podgorica
    • Signal Platoon-Danilovgrad
    • NBC Defence Platoon-Danilovgrad
    • Service Section-Danilovgrad
  • 2nd Infantry Battalion (Reserve)-Pljevlja
  • 3rd Infantry Battalion (Reserve)-Andrijevica
  • Mixed Artillery Battalion (Reserve)-Niksic
  • Vazduhoplovstvo.pngAir Force-Golubovci
    • Flying Squadron
    • Support Company
    • Air Surveillance & Reporting Centre, in Golubovci, reports to NATO's Integrated Air Defense System CAOC Torrejón in Spain
    • Signal Platoon
    • 1st Air-Defence Platoon
    • 2nd Air-Defence Platoon
    • Service Section
  • Mornarica Crne Gore.pngNavy-Bar
    • Patrol Boat P105
    • Patrol Boat P106
    • Coastal Surveillance Company
    • Jadran Training Ship
    • Auxiliary Boats Detachment
    • Support Company-Danilovgrad
  • Combat Support Battalion-Podgorica
  • Support Battalion-Danilovgrad
  • Training Centre-Danilovgrad
  • Medical Centre-Podgorica
  • Signalling and Electronic Warfare Company-Podgorica

Ranks and insignia [ edit ]

The Military before 1918 [ edit ]

The King's Militia salutes Nicholas I in Lyons, France after his exile

After military successes in the wars 1876–1878 during which the Principality of Montenegro was enlarged by a large territory, from the Tara River in the north to the Adriatic Sea in the south (liberated towns Podgorica, Nikšić, Kolašin, Andrijevica, Bar and Ulcinj), reorganization in Montenegrin army was conducted in 1880. Each kapetanija (municipality) formed its reserve battalion. There were 42 battalions in total. Since 1881, regular military exercises were conducted.

Supreme Commander of the Montenegrin army was the monarch, Prince / King Nikola I. Operational command, organization and financial support of the Montenegrin army was entrusted to the Ministry of Defence, the department of the Government of the Principality / Kingdom of Montenegro.

Montenegrin military Krstaš barjak riddled with bullets after victory in the Battle of Vučji Do

General Staff of the Montenegrin army was part of the Ministry of Defence.

In 1882 first 14 Montenegrins were sent to officer schools abroad, particularly in Italy and Russia. In 1886, 10 of them completed their education and they become first trained officers in Montenegrin warrior history. These Montenegrin officers held courses in Podgorica, Nikšić and Cetinje.

In September 1895, the first permanent Infantry NCO school in Podgorica was opened, and the first NCOs got desečar rank. At the end of 1896, artillery officer school in Cetinje was established – the first Montenegrin officer school.

Formations [ edit ]

Montenegrin Artillery

In 1906 Montenegrin army received the first systematized regulations, and the Law on Organization of the Army was adopted in 1910. Infantry and artillery, were established, followed by two specialized branches (reconnaissance and pioneering), and additional branches (medics, military workshop, the military court staff, gendarmerie and logistics).

In 1913 the Montenegrin gendarmerie became a special Military Police unit.

Since the establishment of the internal Montenegrin telecommunications system in 1869, vital for the flow of military-defence information, it was under the jurisdiction of Ministry of the military.

Until 1912, the territory of the Kingdom of Montenegro was divided into four divisional areas:

After wars 1912th–1913th established additional two divisions field:

By 1912, the Montenegrin Army had 11 brigade areas, 52 districts and 322 battalion troop areas. Divisions were composed of 2–3 Infantry Brigade.

Each divisional command had three artillery batteries. On the eve of the First Balkan War Kingdom of Montenegro lined up 55,000 soldiers.

After the establishment of the Kingdom of Montenegro in 1910, Montenegro was involved in three wars with the first one being the First Balkan War, in alliance with Serbia, Greece, Romania, and Bulgaria against the Ottoman Empire. The Second Balkan War was fought between Montenegro, Serbia, Greece, Romania and the Ottoman Empire against Bulgaria, with Bulgaria consequently losing significant territory in the north, Thrace, and Macedonia.

The Military of Montenegro before 1918, was much larger than today's military. During World War I, Montenegro mobilised 50,000 troops. The Commander-in-Chief was King Nikola I of Montenegro, while the General of Staff was Božidar Janković. Units included:

  • Pljevlja Division

The Pljevlja Division was commanded by Brigadier Luka Gojnić. The division was made up of 10 battalions. It had around 6,000 soldiers and patrolled the area east from Pljevlja.

  • Herzegovina Detachment

The Herzegovina Detachment was commanded by Serdar (Count) Janko Vukotić. The detachment was made up of 15 battalions. It had around 15,000 soldiers, and patrolled the border with Herzegovina.

  • Lovćen Detachment

The Lovćen Detachment was commanded by divizijar Mitar Martinović. The detachment was made up of 18 battalions. It had around 8,000 soldiers, and patrolled the areas of Lovćen and Sutorman.

  • Old Serbia' Detachment

The 'Old Serbia' Detachment was commanded by Brigadier Radomir Vešović. The detachment was made up of 13 battalions. It had around 6,000 soldiers and secured the Albanian border.

Uniforms [ edit ]

Most soldiers of the Montenegrin army had no uniforms. At mobilization, the soldiers were issued with a rifle and a badge to put on the cap. Both soldiers and officers in the reserve wore national costume. The badges in the caps had different designs depending on the rank of the wearer.

Dress Uniforms. 1. Komandir in national costume, 2/3. Divizijar, 4. Vojvod in national costume, 5/6. Officers, 7. Officer of the Royal Escort in national costume, 8. Private soldier, 9. Divizijar.
Field Uniforms. 1. Private soldier, 2. Bugler, 3. Corporal (all in field uniforms), 4.Captain in field uniform, 5. Lieutenant in cloak, 6. Komandir in field uniform, 7. Komandir, 8. Reserve soldier (both in national costumes), 9. Soldier of the Royal Escort in field uniform, 10. Brigadir in great coat.

Ranks and Badges [ edit ]

All Montenegrins between 18 and 62 years were conscripts. Recruitment was done three times a year, and the recruits are in peacetime had to have at least 25 years.

  • Officer ranks were: potporučnik, poručnik, kapetan, komandir, brigadir, divizijar
  • NCO ranks were: desečar, donarednik, narednik
  • Ceremonial ranks were: serdar, vojvoda
Cap Badges. From left to right. First row: Vojvod, Brigadir, Komandir, Lieutenant: Second row: Barjakdar = ensign, Vodnik = sergeant, Desečar = corporal, gunner

Peacekeeping operations [ edit ]

Montenegro participates in peace operations under the NATO and UN auspices as military troops and observers. Minister of Defense said that 85 soldiers are trained for international missions.[3] Montenegrin soldiers are trained by the German Bundeswehr.[4]

Montenegro sent 45 troops and medical personnel to the ISAF mission in Afghanistan, and continues contributing in new Resolute Support Mission mission.[5][6]

Montenegro also participates in UN peacekeeping missions in Liberia, UNMIL, Cyprus, UNFICYP as military observers and Somalia, EU-NAVFOR.[7]

Current Mission Organization Country Nr. of personnel
RS NATO Afghanistan 25 Members (Military troops and medical team)
NATO EFP NATO Latvia Special forces team
KFOR NATO Kosovo 2 Officers
UNMIL UN Liberia Officers as military observers
UNFICYP UN Cyprus Officers as military observers
MINURSO UN Western Sahara Officers as military observers
EU-NAVFOR EU Somalia 12 Members (APVD team)[8]
EUTM Mali EU Mali Officers training

Equipment [ edit ]

Ground Army [ edit ]

Weapon Country Manufactured Cartridge Quantity Pictures Notes
Glock 17 [9]   Austria 9×19mm ARMS & Hunting 2012 exhibition (474-23).jpg Standard Gun of Montenegrin Military.[10]
Zastava CZ 99   Yugoslavia

9×19mm Crvena Zastava 99.jpg Standard Gun of Montenegrin Military
Tara TM9   Montenegro 9×19mm Testing
Submachine guns
Heckler & Koch MP5   Germany 9×19mm Parabellum MP5t.png Used by Special Forces.[11][12]
Assault Rifles
Zastava M59/66   Yugoslavia 7.62×39mm Yugoslavian SKS M59 66.JPG Ceremonial rifle
MPT-76   Turkey 7.62×51mm NATO

5.56×45mm NATO

30 MPT-76 Assault Rifle.jpg 15 x rifles in NATO calibre 7.62x51 mm and 15 x rifles in 5.56×45 mm NATO ammunition according to a protocol signed by representatives of the Turkish and Montenegrin defence ministries in Ankara on 1 October.[13]
G36   Germany 5.56×45mm NATO 655

(as of 2015)[14]
800px-G36bw.jpg Standard rifle of Montenegrin Military
Steyr AUG   Austria 5.56×45mm NATO AUG A1 508mm 04.jpg Used by Special Forces
Heckler & Koch HK416   Germany 5.56×45mm NATO HK416.jpg Used by Special Forces.[11][15]
Tara TM4   Montenegro 5.56×45mm NATO Testing
Zastava M70/M70A   Yugoslavia

7.62×39mm Zastava M-70.jpg In reserve
Sniper Rifles
Heckler & Koch PSG1   Germany 7.62×51mm NATO PSG1 and MSG 90.jpg PSG 1 and MSG 90 in service.[16][17]
Zastava M93 Black Arrow   Yugoslavia

12.7×108mm Sniper Zastava M93.jpg In service
Zastava M76   Yugoslavia

7.92×57mm Zastava-M76-Full.jpg In reserve
Zastava M91   Yugoslavia

7.62×54mmR Sniper Zastava M91.jpg In reserve
Machine Guns
Zastava M84   Yugoslavia

7.62×54mmR ZastavaM84gpmg.jpg In service.[11]
Zastava M72   Yugoslavia

7.62×39mm M72B1.jpg In reserve
Grenade launcher
BGA 30mm   Serbia 30mm Zastava BGA 30mm 01.jpg In service
Heckler & Koch AG36   Germany 40mm GewehrAG36.jpg In service
M79 "Osa"   Yugoslavia 90mm rocket M79-OSA.jpg In service, planned to buy new MANPATS
M80 "Zolja"   Yugoslavia 64mm rocket Zolja1.jpg In service, planned to buy new MANPATS
9M14 Malyutka   Soviet Union

64mm rocket Malyutka.JPG In service
M57 mortar   Yugoslavia 60mm 43 Минобацач М57 60мм.jpg In service
M69 mortar   Yugoslavia 82mm 44 Минобацач М69 82мм.jpg 14 active, (30 in reserve)
M74/M75 mortar   Yugoslavia 120mm 32 Mortar 120 mm M-75 Croatian Army.JPG In service.[18]
D-30J 122 mm   Soviet Union 122 mm 12 Military Montenegro 23.jpg In service.[18]
M-94 Plamen-S   Yugoslavia 128 mm 18 M94 Plamen S 128mm 1.jpg In service.[18]
Armoured personnel carrier
BOV VP М86   Yugoslavia 6 BOVM86MNE.JPG In service.[19][18]
Achleitner RCV Survivor   Austria

4[19] RCVSURVIVORMNE.JPG In service[20] with special forces,[11] planned to buy another 26 vehicles. Achleitner modification on a MAN truck chassis.
LAPV Enok   Germany 6 Bundeswehr LAPV Enok.png Donated by Germany in 2018.[21]
Oshkosh L-ATV   United States 67 L-ATV 4.jpg Montenegro signed a government-to-government agreement with the US for the procurement of 67 vehicles. Deliveries will commence in 2020.[22]
Humvee   United States (0)20 Img hmmwv.jpg Upcoming donation from USA.[19]
Otokar Cobra   Turkey 1 Paradbaku98.jpg Nuclear, Biological,Chemical Reconnaissance Vehicle.
Tank destroyer
BOV 1 POLO M-83   Yugoslavia 9 BOV POLO.png In service, armed with 6 AT-3 missiles.[18]
Off-road utility vehicle
Achleitner MMV Survivor   Austria

16 MMVSURVIVORMNE.jpg In service,[19] planned to buy another 20 vehicles. Achleitner modification on a Toyota SUV chassis.
Toyota Hilux   Japan EB (15168558335).jpg In service
Toyota Land Cruiser   Japan In service, ambulance vehicle.
Puch 300GD

Puch 290D
  Austria PUCHMERCEDESGCLASSMNE.jpg In service
Mercedes-Benz G-Class [23]   Germany Mercedes G class - Montenegro Military.jpg In service
Pinzgauer 710   Austria PINZGAUERMNE.jpg In service
Lada Niva 1.5

Lada Niva 1.7
  Russia Lada Niva front 20080228.jpg In service
TAM 110

TAM 130

TAM 150

Military Montenegro In service
FAP 2026

FAP 2226

FAP 1314

FAP 2026.jpg In service
BMC 185-09   Turkey Tactical wheeled vehicle. Upcoming donation from Turkey.
BMC 235-16   Turkey Tactical wheeled vehicle. Upcoming donation from Turkey.
Iveco Trakker   Italy In service, Dump truck.
Iveco EuroCargo   Italy In service, dump truck.
Logistics vehicles
IMK TG-110

IMK TG-140

IMK TG-160

IMK TG-190

IMK TG-220
  Yugoslavia Military Montenegro 36.JPG Tracked bulldozer
IMK ULT-160   Yugoslavia Military Montenegro 31.jpg Wheeled bulldozer
CAT 434F   United States CATVCG.png Backhoe loader
Mercedes-Benz Unimog   Germany UNIMOG.JPG Multi-purpose utility vehicle

Navy [ edit ]

Class Country Manufactured Variants Quantity Pictures Notes
Kotor class   Yugoslavia – P-33 Kotor

- P-34 Novi Sad

Patrolni brod klasa Kotor P34.jpg 2 in reserve[24]
Fast attack craft
Končar class   Yugoslavia – RTOP-405 Jordan Nikolov Orce

– RTOP-406 Ante Banina

Rtop 405.jpg Under reconstruction. The ship RTOP-405 rentered service in 2019. under name P-105 "Durmitor"
Transport and support
PO class   Yugoslavia – PO91 1 1 in reserve
Salvage tug   Yugoslavia – PR-41 (Orada)

- LR-77

PR41 ORADA.jpg 2 in active service
Sailing ship
Jadran   Germany Used as a training ship 1 Jadran saling ship.JPEG 1 in active service
Motor sailboat   Yugoslavia Bojana

- Milena

Sailing boatVCG.jpg 2 in active service
Diving boat   Yugoslavia -Ronilačka baraksa 81

-Ronilačka barkasa 85

Brm81.jpg 2 in active service
Motor boat Polycat   Netherlands 1 1 in active service
Motor boat   Yugoslavia ČM 33 1 1 in active service
Inflatable boat
Valiant 620PT   United Kingdom Used by Marine Platoon 2 Montenegrian Military inflatable boat.jpg 2 in active service
Motor yacht
Jadranka   Yugoslavia VIP Yacht 1 Jadranka Presidential yacht in Military of Montenegro.png Offered for sale
Floating crane
Floating Crane   Yugoslavia LDI 18 1 LDI18.jpg 1 in active service

Air Force [ edit ]

Aircraft Country Manufactured Variant Quantity Pictures Notes
Cessna 421 Golden Eagle   United States Cessna 421B Golden Eagle 1 Cessna421B-Landing.jpg One for transport, medical evacuation and training.
Transport and utility helicopters
SOKO Gazelle   France

HI-42 Hera
HN-45 Gama
13 GazelleMNE.jpg Produced under license in Yugoslavia.[18] Planned replacement with new helicopters in the next 5 years, one of the possible helicopter is Bell 505 Jet Ranger X.
Bell 412   United States

Bell 412.jpg One EP variant and two EPI variants. Medical evacuation, search and rescue, aerial firefighting, patrol.[25][26]
Training helicopters
Bell 505   Canada Bell 505 Jet Ranger X 2 SP-NCC (47695559591).jpg Two for pilot training[27]
Air defence
9K32 Strela-2M   Soviet Union

Portable low-altitude SAM SA-7.jpg Planned to buy new MANPADS.
Bofors 40 mm   Sweden Autocannon 40mm L/70,

works with GIRAFFE Radar
L70 Bofors V i PVO VS.jpg Planned for modernization
GIRAFFE Radar   Sweden Early warning radar, works

with Bofors 40mm L/70
Zirafa Radar.png Planned for modernization

Gallery [ edit ]

See also [ edit ]

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ "Smenjen načelnik Generalštaba Vojske Crne Gore Dragutin Dakić". N1. 29 December 2020. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
  2. ^
  3. ^ "Spremaju se za Avganistan". Archived from the original on 25 July 2011.
  4. ^ David Noack: Subsidiary Troops (German: Hilfstruppen),, 17.03.2008.
  5. ^ "Kasarna Danilovgrad: Svečanost za vojnike koji idu u Avganistan". Archived from the original on 8 March 2010.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 22 December 2015. Retrieved 12 December 2015. CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^
  8. ^ "Crnogorci brane "Esbjerg" od pirata".
  9. ^ Page 15
  10. ^ "PIŠTOLJ – GLOCK 17".
  11. ^ a b c d "Specijalci bez greške i na 40 °C". (in Montenegrin). 23 July 2015.
  13. ^ DFNS. "Turkey gifts MPT rifles to Montenegro". Land. Retrieved 14 November 2019.
  14. ^ "Schriftliche Fragen an die Bundesregierung im Monat Januar 2015; Frage Nr. 195"(PDF) (in German).
  15. ^ "HECKLER AND KOCH – HK 416".
  17. ^ "HECKLER AND KOCH MSG 90".
  18. ^ a b c d e f International Institute for Strategic Studies (14 February 2017). The Military Balance 2017. 117 (1 ed.). London, United Kingdom: Routledge. p. 138. ISBN 978-1857439007.
  19. ^ a b c d "Mašan – czarnogórski samochód opancerzony". (in Polish). 30 August 2018.
  20. ^ "2.5 TOYOTA RCV SURVIVOR I 4x4".
  21. ^ Bozinovski, Igor (13 September 2018). "Germany gifts light armoured vehicles to Montenegro". Skopje: IHS Jane's.
  22. ^ Bozinovski, Igor (8 October 2019). "Montenegro equips NATO-declared forces with JLTVs". Jane's 360. Retrieved 7 February 2020.
  23. ^ a b Montenegro army land ground armed forces military equipment armored vehicle intelligence pictures – Army Recognition
  24. ^
  25. ^ Bozinovski, Igor (5 February 2018). "Montenegro orders three Bell 412 helicopters". IHS Jane's 360. Skopje. Archived from the original on 5 February 2018. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  26. ^ Zuvela, Maja; Sekularac, Ivana; Potter, Mark (30 January 2018). "Montenegro inks deal to buy three helicopters from Bell Helicopter". Reuters. Sarajevo. Archived from the original on 7 February 2018. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  27. ^

External links [ edit ]

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