Arsacid dynasty of Caucasian Albania
|Parent house||Arsacid dynasty of Parthia|
|Final ruler||Vachagan III|
The Arsacid dynasty was a dynasty of Parthian origin, which ruled the kingdom of Caucasian Albania from the 3rd to the 6th century. They were a branch of the Parthian Arsacid dynasty and together with the Arsacid rulers of the neighboring Armenia and Iberia formed a pan-Arsacid family federation. Starting from Urnayr, the Arsacids repeatedly married into the family of the ruling Sasanian kings of Iran; Urnayr's mother was a Sasanian princess, and he was himself married to king Shapur II's daughter, with Aswagen most likely being their offspring; Vache II was the nephew of Yazdegerd II and son of an Albanian king, probably Aswagen; Vache II himself married the niece (or sister) of king Peroz I; and Vachagan III was the son (or nephew) of Yazdegerd II and brother (or nephew) of Vache II. This has led the modern historian Murtazali Gadjiev to label the Arsacids of Albania as "Arsacid-Sasanian". The Arsacids were succeeded by the Mihranid dynasty.
Based on written sources, Gadjiev has deduced a list of Arsacid kings of Albania and their approximate reign.
- Vachagan the Brave, ca. 300–336
- Vache I, ca. 336–350
- Urnayr, ca. 350–375
- Vachagan II, ca. 375–385
- Merkhavan, ca. 385–395
- Sato, ca. 395–405
- Asai, ca. 405–415
- Aswagen, ca. 415–440
- Vache II, ca. 440–462
- Vachagan III the Pious, ca. 485–510
References [ edit ]
Sources [ edit ]
- Chaumont, M. L. (1985). "Albania". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. I, Fasc. 8. pp. 806–810.
- Gadjiev, Murtazali (2017). Construction Activities of Kavād I in Caucasian Albania. Brill. pp. 121–131. CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
Gadjiev, Murtazali (2020). "The Chronology of the Arsacid Albanians". Gorgias Press: 29–35.
Cite journal requires
- Toumanoff, C. (1986). "Arsacids vii. The Arsacid dynasty of Armenia". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. II, Fasc. 5. pp. 543–546.