Avram Mrazović (Serbian: Аврам Мразовић; 12 March 1756 in Sombor – 20 February 1826 in Sombor) was a Serbian writer, translator, pedagogue, aristocrat and Senator of the Free Royal City of Sombor, part of the Military Frontier of the Austrian Empire.
Biography [ edit ]
Avram Mrazović was the son of Reverend and Mr. Georgije Mrazović, parish priest of the Serbian Orthodox Church of Saint John the Baptist in Sombor. Mrazović is known in literary annals as a Serbian education reformer who lived and worked in the Habsburg Empire in Serb and Romanian territories of today's Serbian Vojvodina and Romanian Banat at the same time as Teodor Janković Mirijevski and Stefan Vujanovski. He is the first director of the Serb National Primary School Commission after being named to the post by his mentor, Teodor Janković-Mirijevski. He also founded Norma (Normal school), a teacher training college in Sombor in 1778 before another school was opened in 1812 in Szentendre called Regium Pedagogium Nationis Illiricae (Preparandium in Latin or Preparadija in Serbian) which eventually was relocated back to Sombor in 1816. Mrazović wrote and published Rukovodstvo k slavenstej grammatice: vo upotreblenik slaveno-serbskih narodnyh ucilisc (a Serbian grammar with correct syntax) in Vienna in 1794 for Serbian schools. He credited Meletius Smotrytsky's 1619 work as his inspiration.
The first book on logic in the Serbian language was written by Nikola Šimić, Avram Mrazović's friend, and was published in Budapest in two volumes, entitled "Logic" (Vol. I, 1808; Vol. II, 1809). Ten years later, Mrazović wrote the second book on logic in Serbian in a similar manner, entitled "Logic, or Reasoning", completed in 1826, the year he died. The book was not published.
Aside from Pavle Julinac, remembered as the first to translate from French, other translators of the period were Gligorije Trlajić, Nikola Lazarević, Atanasije Stojković, and Avram Mrazović. Mrazović translated the French work of Jeanne-Marie Leprince de Beaumont, and the Latin of Ovid, Cicero, Virgil, Horace, and the Greek of Aristotle.
Works [ edit ]
- Rukovodstvo k slavenstej grammatice: vo upotreblenik slaveno-serbskih narodnyh ucilisc (1794)
- Celovekomerzosti I raskajaniju (1808)
- Epistolarum de Ponto livri V (Buda, 1818)
- Rukovodstvo k slavenskomu krasnoreciju vo upotreblenik ljubiteleij slavenskago jezyka izdano Avraamom ot Mrazovic (1821)
- Logic, or Reasoning, completed in 1826, but the book was never published.
See also [ edit ]
- Dositej Obradović
- Teodor Janković Mirijevski
- Atanasije Dimitrijević Sekereš
- Stefan Vujanovski
- Uroš Nestorović
References [ edit ]
- Cirkovic, Sima M. (15 April 2008). The Serbs. John Wiley & Sons. p. 166. ISBN 9781405142915.
- Referati i saopštenja - Naučni sastanak slavista u Vukove dane (in Serbian). Međunarodni slavistički centar. 1989.
- Translated and adapted from Serbian Wikipedia: Аврам Мразовић