Wikipedia

Brazilian Labour Renewal Party

Brazilian Labour Renewal Party


Partido Renovador Trabalhista Brasileiro
President Levy Fidelix
Vice President of Brazil Hamilton Mourão
Founded 1994
Headquarters Brasília, Federal District

São Paulo, São Paulo
Membership 136,171[1]
Ideology Militarism [2]

Social conservatism [2]

National conservatism

Brazilian nationalism

Economic nationalism

Right-wing populism

Anti-LGBT [3]

Jânio Quadros Thought [4]

Anti-communism

Labour politics [5] [6] [7] [8]
Political position Right-wing[9] to

far-right[10][11][12]
National affiliation Brazil above everything, God above everyone
Website
http://prtb.org.br/

The Brazilian Labour Renewal Party (Portuguese: Partido Renovador Trabalhista Brasileiro, PRTB) is a conservative Brazilian political party. It was founded in 1994 and its electoral number is 28.[13] According to the party's official website, PRTB's main ideology is "to establish an economic system based on participatory decision making as the primary economic mechanism for allocation in society".[14]

Overview [ edit ]

It comes from members of the extinct PTR, a party that functioned between 1985 and 1993, which had merged with the PST, originating the PP. This group, led by Levy Fidelix, had already tried to organize the PTRB, which only ran in the 1994 elections.

During the 1998 Brazilian general election, Fernando Collor de Mello decided to run again for the office of President of Brazil for the same party that elected him in 1989: the National Reconstruction Party (PRN), now the Christian Labour Party (PTC). The PRTB, together with the PRN, formed the Renova Brasil (Renew Brazil) coalition, in support of the former President of the Republic. The Superior Electoral Court (TSE), however, prevented his candidacy from materializing, due to the eight-year period in which he could not be elected to any elective term.[15]

It was registered on the Superior Electoral Court on 18 February 1997 and Levy Fidelix was elected as party president.[16]

In 2006 the party gained electoral importance because of the election of ex-President Fernando Collor de Mello, impeached in 1992,[17] who made his comeback in national politics as a Senator. However, in 2007 De Mello left PRTB and switched to the Brazilian Labour Party.[18]

The party candidated its president Levy Fidelix in the Brazilian presidential election of 2010 and he obtained 57,960 votes (0.06%).[19]

In the Brazilian general election of 2014, Fidelix was candidate again[20] and presented himself with a conservative speech and, according to him, the only right-wing candidate.[21] In the first round of the general election, Fidelix received 446,878 votes, representing 0.43% of the popular vote.[22] The PRTB's founder ranked 7th out of 11 candidates, however achieved his best performance in an election throughout his career. In the second round, Fidelix supported candidate Aécio Neves.[23]

For the Brazilian general election of 2018, PRTB formed the coalition "Brazil above everything, God above everyone" (Brasil acima de tudo, Deus acima de todos) together with the Social Liberal Party to support candidate Jair Bolsonaro.[24] In May 2018, his pick for Vice President, Hamilton Mourão, joined the party.[25]

Controversies [ edit ]

The party has been accused of having links with neo-nazi and neofascist organizations and promoting fake news and conspiracy theories on the internet.[26]

During 2014 Brazilian general election the party leader and candidate Levy Fidelix during a debate made a statement that homosexuals “need psychological care” and were better kept “well away from [the rest of] us. He also said that Brazil’s population of 200 million would be reduced by half if homosexuality were encouraged because “the excretory system” does not function as a means of reproduction.[27] Fidelix obtained 0.43% of votes.

Electoral history [ edit ]

Presidential elections [ edit ]

Election Candidate Running mate Colligation First round Second round Result
Votes % Votes %
1998 None None None - - - - -
2002
2006
2010 Levy Fidelix (PRTB) Luiz Eduardo Ayres Duarte (PRTB) None 57,960 0.06 (#7) - - Lost Red X N
2014 José Alves de Oliveira (PRTB) None 446,878 0.43 (#7) - - Lost Red X N
2018 Jair Bolsonaro (PSL) Hamilton Mourão (PRTB) "Brazil above everything, God above everyone"

PSL; PRTB
49,227,010 46,03 (#1) 57,797,121 55,13 (#1) Elected Green tick Y
Source: Election Resources: Federal Elections in Brazil – Results Lookup

Chamber of Deputies elections [ edit ]

Election Votes % Seats +/–
1994 154,666 0.4%
0 / 513
Steady
1998 1,843,296 2.8%
0 / 513
Steady
2002 304,092 0.3%
0 / 513
Steady
2006 171,908 0.2%
0 / 513
Steady
2010 307,925 0.3%
2 / 513
Increase 2
2014 454,190 0.47%
1 / 513
Decrease 1
2018 684,976 0.7%
0 / 513
Decrease 1

Senate elections [ edit ]

Election Votes % Seats +/–
1998 36,328 0.1%
0 / 81
Steady
32,258 0.1%
2002 Unknown Unknown
0 / 81
Steady
2006 644,111 0.8%
1 / 81
Increase 1
2010 74,478 0.0%
0 / 81
Decrease 1
2014 38,429 0.04%
0 / 81
Steady
2018 886,267 0.5%
0 / 81
Steady

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ "Eleitores filiados". inter04.tse.jus.br. Retrieved 22 January 2019.
  2. ^ a b "Brazil: Bolsonaro puts military general as VP on election ticket". Al Jazeera. 6 August 2018. Retrieved 16 August 2019.
  3. ^ "Histórico". PRTB. 8 January 2013. Retrieved 21 June 2020.
  4. ^ "RELEMBRANDO 2014: LEVY FIDELIX RESPONDE SOBRE CASAMENTO GAY – DEBATE RECORD". PRTB. 26 January 2018. Retrieved 21 June 2020.
  5. ^ "NOVOS OLHARES". PRTB. 11 May 2017. Retrieved 21 June 2020.
  6. ^ "Programa". PRTB. 30 October 2016. Retrieved 21 June 2020.
  7. ^ "O PRTB, Partido Renovador Trabalhista Brasileiro inicia suas atividades em Viamão". PRTB. 31 July 2013. Retrieved 21 June 2020.
  8. ^ "Histórico". PRTB. 8 January 2013. Retrieved 21 June 2020.
  9. ^ "PRTB lança candidato ao governo do Paraná nas eleições de 2018". Terra. Retrieved 22 January 2019.
  10. ^ "General Mourão filia-se ao PRTB e pode ser candidato a presidente pelo partido". Folha de S.Paulo. 8 May 2018. Retrieved 22 January 2019.
  11. ^ Livres, Jornalistas (27 October 2018). "[Exclusivo] A relação entre a candidatura Bolsonaro e a ultradireita fascista organizada no Brasil". jornalistaslivres.org. Retrieved 22 January 2019.
  12. ^ "Mourão, o vice que transborda pela direita". UOL Eleições 2018. Retrieved 22 January 2019.
  13. ^ "Partidos políticos registrados no TSE". www.tse.jus.br (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2018-11-23.
  14. ^ "Histórico - PRTB - Partido Renovador Trabalhista Brasileiro". PRTB - Partido Renovador Trabalhista Brasileiro (in Portuguese). 2013-01-08. Retrieved 2018-11-23.
  15. ^ "Collor". Tribunal Superior Eleitoral. Retrieved 21 June 2020.
  16. ^ "Partido Renovador Trabalhista Brasileiro". www.tse.jus.br (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2018-11-23.
  17. ^ "Collor volta ao partido pelo qual se elegeu presidente e sofreu impeachment". Congresso em Foco (in Portuguese). 2016-04-06. Retrieved 2018-11-23.
  18. ^ "Ex-presidente Collor troca o PRTB pelo PTB". Gazeta do Povo. Retrieved 22 January 2019.
  19. ^ "Tribunal Superior Eleitoral". www.tse.jus.br (in Portuguese). Archived from the original on 2014-07-08. Retrieved 2018-11-23.
  20. ^ "PRTB oficializa candidatura de Levy Fidelix à Presidência da República". Eleições 2014 em São Paulo (in Portuguese). 2014-06-15. Retrieved 2018-11-23.
  21. ^ "Levy se assume como candidato da direita e promete defender ditadura - Notícias - Política". Política (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2018-11-23.
  22. ^ "Apuração de votos e resultado das Eleições 2014 (Fonte: TSE): Presidente e candidatos eleitos - UOL Eleições 2014". UOL Eleições 2014 (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2018-11-23.
  23. ^ "Levy Fidelix anuncia apoio a Aécio Neves no segundo turno". Eleições 2014 (in Portuguese). 2014-10-15. Retrieved 2018-11-23.
  24. ^ "Jair Bolsonaro hopes to be Brazil's Donald Trump". The Economist. Retrieved 2018-11-23.
  25. ^ "PRTB considera lançar general Mourão a presidente, diz Fidelix". Poder360 (in Portuguese). 2018-06-30. Retrieved 2018-11-23.
  26. ^ "Grupo alinhado a Mussolini e Fidelix é alvo de investigação no PR". HuffPost Brasil. 10 January 2016. Retrieved 22 January 2019.
  27. ^ Watts, Jonathan (29 September 2014). "Brazil presidential candidate airs homophobic rant during TV debate". The Guardian. Retrieved 22 January 2019 – via www.theguardian.com.
Preceded by

27 - CD (DC)
Numbers of Brazilian Official Political Parties

28 - BLRP (PRTB)
Succeeded by

29 - LCP (PCO)



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