The Cambridge Inquisition – Inquisitio Comitatus Cantabrigiensis or ICC – is one of the most important of the satellite surveys relating to Domesday Book.
It not only offers fuller information than the latter, but has also played an important and ongoing role in the debates over the making of the Domesday Book/Survey.
Layout [ edit ]
Though surviving only in a 12thC copy, the ICC is accepted to represent evidence of an early stage in the inquest process underlying the Domesday Book. It reports the results presented by jurors from the hundreds and vills of the shire, geographically organised. The ICC contains details of more settlements than Domesday Book covers, gives ratings for both 1066 and 1086, and also provides jurors' names, English and French. It also records details of livestock - “shameful to record...not even one ox, nor one cow, nor one pig escaped notice in his survey”, complained the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle - omitted in the Book itself.
Round/Galbraith/Roffe: the Domesday debate [ edit ]
J H Round at the close of the 19thC argued influentially that the geographical framework of the ICC was representative of the nationwide survey as a whole; and that it was only after all the returns were in, that they were arranged in feudal form to create Domesday Book itself. A half-century later, V. H. Galbraith used the Exon Domesday with its feudal returns as a central model of the survey, with the sworn evidence of the hundred jurors relegated to a subsidiary role.
The 21stC however has seen a renewed interest in the ICC, however, and a reappraisal of its perhaps normative role in the Domesday process.
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
- D. Roffe, Domesday Now (2016) p. 157
- D. Roffe, Domesday Now (2016) p. 26 and p. 68
- G. N. Garmonsway trans., The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle (London 1967) p. 216
- H. C. Darby, Domesday England (1986) p. 22 and p. 162
- D. Douglas, William the Conqueror (London 1966) p. 350
- D. Douglas, William the Conqueror (London 1966) p. 351
- Cambridge Inquisition
Further reading [ edit ]
Victoria County History, Cambridgeshire, vol. 1, pp. 400-437