Premier of the People's Republic of China

Premier of the

State Council of the

People's Republic of China


Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó

Guówùyuàn Zǒnglǐ
National Emblem of the People's Republic of China (2).svg
Dmitry Medvedev and Li Keqiang 20191101 (cropped).jpg

Li Keqiang

since 15 March 2013
Style Mr. Premier (总理)


His Excellency (阁下)

(in international correspondence)
Type Head of the State Council
Status Head of Government
Member of Central Committee

Politburo Standing Committee

National Security Commission

State Council (Cabinet)

Plenary Meeting of the State Council  [zh]

Executive Meeting of the State Council  [zh]
Reports to National People's Congress and its Standing Committee
Residence Zhongnanhai
Seat Regent Palace, Zhongnanhai, Beijing
Nominator President (1982–present)

the Party Central Committee

(1975–1982, president abolished)
Appointer President, according to the decision of the National People's Congress
Term length Five years

renewable once
Constituting instrument Constitution of the People's Republic of China
Precursor Premier of the Government Administration Council of the Central People's Government
Inaugural holder Zhou Enlai [note 1]
Formation 27 September 1954 (State Council of the PRC)

1 October 1949 (Government Administration Council of the Central People's Government)
Unofficial names Prime Minister of China
Deputy Vice Premier

State Councillor
Salary ¥152,121 RMB ($22,000 USD)[1]
Website State Council
Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China
Simplified Chinese 中华人民共和国国务院总理
Traditional Chinese 中華人民共和國國務院總理
Literal meaning Chinese People Republic State Affairs Court General Manager
Alternative Chinese name
Simplified Chinese 国务院总理
Traditional Chinese 國務院總理
Literal meaning State Affairs Court General Manager
National Emblem of the People's Republic of China (2).svg
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The Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, sometimes also referred to informally as the "Prime Minister", is the Leader of the State Council of China (a.k.a. the Central People's Government), who is the head of government and holds the highest rank (Level 1) in the Civil Service. This position replaced the role of Premier of the Government Administration Council of the Central People's Government (Chinese: 中央人民政府政务院总理), which existed from 1949 to 1954.

The Premier is formally approved by the National People's Congress upon the nomination of the President. In practice, the candidate is chosen within the Communist Party of China through the same process that determines the composition of the Politburo Standing Committee. Both the President and the Premier are selected once every five years. The premier is limited to two terms, but the president is not. The Premier has always been a member of the powerful Politburo Standing Committee of the Communist Party of China.

The current Premier is Li Keqiang, who took office on 15 March 2013. He succeeded Wen Jiabao.

Powers and duties [ edit ]

The Premier is the highest administrative position in the Government of the People's Republic of China. The Premier is responsible for organizing and administering the Chinese civil bureaucracy. For example, the Premier is tasked with planning and implementing national economic, social development and the state budget.[2] This includes overseeing the various ministries, departments, commissions and statutory agencies and announcing their candidacies to the National People's Congress for Vice-Premiers, State Councillors and ministerial offices. The Premier's powers and responsibilities are codified into the constitution unlike the Prime Minister from the Westminster system as by convention or traditions.[2]

The Premier does not have command authority over the People's Liberation Army, but the Premier is the head of the National Defense Mobilization Commission of China and deputy head of the National Security Commission which are departments of the armed forces. Since the 1980s, there has been a division of responsibilities between the Premier and the General Secretary of the Communist Party wherein the Premier is responsible for the technical details of implementing government policy while the General Secretary gathers the political support necessary for government policy.

In 1989, then Premier Li Peng, in cooperation with the then Chairman of the Central Military Commission Deng Xiaoping, was able to use the office of the Premier to declare war against Beijing and order the military crackdown of the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989.[citation needed]

The Premier has been supported by four Vice-Premiers since Deng Xiaoping's reform in 1983. The First-ranked Vice Premier will act in the premier's capacity in their absence.

List of premiers [ edit ]

Li Keqiang Wen Jiabao Zhu Rongji Li Peng Zhao Ziyang Hua Guofeng Zhou Enlai

Living former premiers [ edit ]

As of January 2020, there are two living former premiers:

Premier Term of office Date of birth
Zhu Rongji 1998–2003 (1928-10-23) 23 October 1928 (age 91)
Wen Jiabao 2003–2013 (1942-09-15) 15 September 1942 (age 77)

See also [ edit ]

Notes [ edit ]

  1. ^ as the only Premier of the Government Administration Council (1949–1954) and also the first Premier (1954–1976) of the State Council.

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ "Public employees get salary increase - China -". Archived from the original on 2019-06-05. Retrieved 2019-11-06.
  2. ^ a b 2009-07-06 at the Wayback Machine, Section 3, Article 88 and Article 89.

External links [ edit ]

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