Wikipedia

Chrozophora

Chrozophora
ChrozophoraTinctoria.JPG
Chrozophora tinctoria
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Subfamily: Acalyphoideae
Tribe: Chrozophoreae
Subtribe: Chrozophorinae
Genus: Chrozophora

Neck. ex A.Juss. 1824 not Pax & K. Hoffm. 1919
Type species
Chrozophora tinctoria

Synonyms [1]

Chrozophora is a plant genus of the family Euphorbiaceae first described as a genus in 1824.[2][3] It comprises monoecious herbs or undershrubs. The genus is widespread across Europe, Africa, and Asia.[1][4][5][6]

Chrozophora tinctoria produced the blue-purple colorant "turnsole" used in medieval illuminated manuscripts and as a food colorant

Species[1]
  1. Chrozophora brocchiana - Sahara and Sahel regions of Africa; Cape Verde
  2. Chrozophora gangetica - India
  3. Chrozophora mujunkumi - Uzbekistan
  4. Chrozophora oblongifolia - E Africa, Middle East, India, Pakistan
  5. Chrozophora plicata - Sub-Saharan Africa, Arabian Peninsula, India, Pakistan, Thailand, Myanmar, Java
  6. Chrozophora rottleri - Indian Subcontinent, Afghanistan, Indochina
  7. Chrozophora sabulosa - Arabian Peninsula, Iran, Pakistan, Central Asia, Xinjiang
  8. Chrozophora sabulosa - W Africa
  9. Chrozophora tinctoria - Mediterranean, Middle East, India, Pakistan, Central Asia
Formerly included

moved to other genera (Codiaeum and Mallotus)

  1. C. mollissima - Mallotus mollissimus
  2. C. peltata - Codiaeum peltatum

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ a b c "Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families".
  2. ^ Jussieu, Adrien Henri Laurent de. 1824. De Euphorbiacearum Generibus Medicisque earumdem viribus tentamen, tabulis aeneis 18 illustratum 27
  3. ^ "Tropicos - Name - !Chrozophora Neck. ex A. Juss". www.tropicos.org.
  4. ^ Altervista Flora Italiana, genere Chrozophora includes photos + European distribution maps
  5. ^ Flora of China Vol. 11 Page 223 沙戟属 sha ji shu Chrozophora Necker ex A. Jussieu, Euphorb. Gen. 27. 1824.
  6. ^ Flora of Pakistan, Chrozophora Neck. ex A.H.L. Juss., Euph. Gen. Tent. 27. 1824.
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