Cheque and Credit Clearing Company
The Cheque and Credit Clearing Company Limited (C&CCC) is a UK membership-based industry body whose 11 members are the UK clearing banks. The company has managed the cheque clearing system in England and Wales since 1985, in all of Great Britain since 1996 when it took over responsibility for managing the Scottish cheque clearing as well, and in the whole of the United Kingdom since the introduction of the Image Clearing System in 2019.
As well as clearing cheques, the system processes the following forms of payment: banker's drafts, building society cheques, postal orders, warrants, government payable orders and traveller's cheques. The company also manages the systems for the clearing of paper bank giro credits (the credit clearing).
The clearing system in Northern Ireland was formerly operated by the Belfast Bankers' Clearing Company for the four clearing banks there.
History [ edit ]
In 2009 three and a half million cheques and three hundred thousand paper credits passed through the British interbank clearing system each working day. Cheque volumes reached a peak in 1990 when 4 billion cheques were written but usage has fallen since then. This is mainly due to alternative methods of payment such as direct debits, BACS payments and more recently, the Faster Payments Service, being used more widely by both individuals and businesses. The annual rate of decline of the volume of cheques being used is now in double figures.
Members [ edit ]
Members of the Cheque and Credit Clearing Company are individually responsible for processing cheques drawn by, or credited to, the accounts of their customers. In addition, several hundred other institutions provide cheque facilities for their customers and obtain indirect access to the cheque clearing mechanisms by means of commercially negotiated agency arrangements with one of the full members.
Members of the Image Clearing System, as of 2019, are:
- The Access Bank UK Limited
- AIB Group (UK) p.l.c.
- Bank of Ireland (UK) plc
- Barclays Bank PLC
- Barclays Bank UK PLC
- Clydesdale Bank PLC
- The Co-operative Bank p.l.c.
- Habib Bank Zurich plc
- HSBC UK Bank PLC
- Lloyds Bank plc
- Nationwide Building Society
- National Westminster Bank Plc
- Northern Bank Limited (trading as Danske Bank)
- The Royal Bank of Scotland plc
- Santander UK plc
- TSB Bank plc
- Turkish Bank (UK) Ltd
- Virgin Money plc
The members of the paper clearing, shut down in August 2019, were:
- Bank of England
- Bank of Scotland
- Clear Bank
- Clydesdale Bank
- The Co-operative Bank
- HSBC Bank
- Lloyds Bank
- National Westminster Bank
- Nationwide Building Society
- The Royal Bank of Scotland
- Santander UK
2-4-6 changes to cheque clearing [ edit ]
From the end of November 2007, changes known as 2-4-6 came into force. These have increased clarity and certainty when paying in cheques to a bank or building society account.
The 2-4-6 changes set a maximum time limit of two, four and six working days for each of the stages after paying in a cheque to a current or basic bank account. The timescales cover cheques, bankers' drafts, bankers' cheques and building society cheques paid into sterling current and basic bank accounts. For deposit or savings accounts the maximum time limit for withdrawal is longer (6 days, rather than 4).
For the first time, after depositing a cheque, customers can be sure that at the end of six working days, the money is theirs. They are protected from any loss if the cheque subsequently bounces, unless they are a knowing party to a fraud. The timescales also set maximum times when customers start earning interest on money paid in (2 days) and when it will be available for withdrawal.
Merged into NPSO [ edit ]
Cheque and Credit Clearing Company Limited announced  that on 1 July 2018 it had become a wholly owned subsidiary of NPSO Limited, the New Payments Systems Operator, and that the C&CCC board had handed management over to the board of NPSO.
See also [ edit ]
- Clearing house (finance)
- UK Payments Administration
- Clearing House Automated Payment System (CHAPS)
- Bankers Automated Clearing Services (BACS)
- Payments Council
- Faster Payments Service
References [ edit ]
- "About Us and Our Members". C&CCC. Retrieved 4 January 2013.
- "The Cheque and Credit Clearing Company Ltd is now a wholly owned subsidiary of the NPSO Limited (1 July 2018)". C&CCC. Retrieved 8 October 2018.