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Confucian ritual religion

Confucian ritual religion (s 礼教, t 禮教 Lǐjiào, "rites' transmission", also called 名教 Míngjiào, the "names' transmission"), or the Confucian civil religion,[1] defines the civil religion of China. It consists in the state-endorsed ceremonies and sacrifices (cults), held according to Confucian modalities, dedicated to those gods which represent the theologico-political origin of the state itself and the Chinese civilisation.[2] These rituals have undergone a great revitalisation in post-Maoist China creating a public space in which the Chinese state and popular Confucian movements jostle and negotiate with each other.[2]

Worship of cosmological gods and of Confucius,[3][2] is carried out regularly at consecrated public spaces

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  • Billioud, Sébastien; Thoraval, Joël (2015), "Lijiao (禮教): Between Rites and Politics", The Sage and the People: The Confucian Revival in China, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0190258144 CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Billioud, Sébastien; Thoraval, Joël (2009). "Lijiao: The Return of Ceremonies Honouring Confucius in Mainland China" (PDF). China Perspectives (4). CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Dessein, Bart (2014). "Faith and Politics: (New) Confucianism as Civil Religion". Asian Studies. II (XVIII) (1). CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
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