Wikipedia

Counts of Dreux

Coat of arms of the Counts of Dreux.

The Counts of Dreux were a noble family of France, who took their title from the chief stronghold of their domain, the château of Dreux, which lies near the boundary between Normandy and the Île-de-France. They are notable for inheriting the Duchy of Brittany through Pierre de Dreux's marriage to Alix de Thouars in the early 13th century.

History [ edit ]

In the tenth century the lands belonged to the forebears of the Capetians; they passed by marriage to Walter, Count of the Vexin, then to Richard I of Normandy. In 1017 the lands were given as dowry to Richard's illegitimate daughter Matilda, who married Odo II, Count of Blois.

King Robert II of France confiscated the lands of Dreux from Odo, and they formed part of the royal domain until Louis the Fat granted the county of Dreux as an appanage to his son Robert. The descendants of Robert held the county of Dreux until 1355, when the heiress, Countess Joan II of Dreux, married Simon de Thouars. Simon and Joan had three daughters and no sons; their daughters sold their interests in the county of Dreux to King Charles VI.

King Charles gave the county of Dreux as a dowry in the marriage of his kinswoman Marguerite de Bourbon, daughter of Peter, Duke of Bourbon and of Isabella de Valois, daughter of Charles of Valois, with Arnaud-Amanieu d'Albret in 1382. The county returned to the crown in 1556, and thereafter formed part of the royal domain, then the lands of François, Duke of Anjou, and after his death was sold to the Duke of Nemours. It returned to the royal domain in the reign of Louis XV.

List of counts of Dreux [ edit ]

Capetian House of Dreux [ edit ]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Robert I the Great

1137–1184
Robert Dreux.jpg c. 1123

fifth son of Louis VI of France and Adélaide of Maurienne
(1) Agnes of Garlande (1122–1143), daughter of Anseau de Garlande, Count of Rochefort; married 1139/41, one son

(2) Hawise of Salisbury (1118 – 13 Jan 1152), daughter of Walter Fitz Edward of Salisbury, Sheriff of Wiltshire; married 1144/45, one daughter

(3) Agnes of Baudemont (1130 – 24 July 1204), daughter of Guy de Baudement, Count of Braine; married 1152, ten children
11 October 1188

Braine

aged 64–65
Robert II

1184–1218
Robert II of Dreux.gif c. 1154

eldest son of Robert and Agnes of Baudemont
(1) Matilda of Burgundy

1178

no issue

(2) Yolande of Coucy

1184

twelve children
28 December 1218

Braine

aged 63–64
Robert III Gasteblé

1218–1234
Robert 3 count of dreux.jpg c. 1185

eldest son of Robert II and Yolande of Coucy
Aénor of Saint-Valery

1210

four children
3 March 1234

Braine

aged 48–49
John I

1234–1249
Blason Robert III de Dreux avant 1198.svg c. 1215

eldest son of Robert III and Aénor of Saint-Valery
Marie of Bourbon-Dampierre

April 1240

three children
c. 1249

Nicosia

aged 33–34
Robert IV

1249–1282
Robert IV of Dreux.jpg c. 1241

eldest son of John I and Marie of Bourbon-Dampierre
Beatrice of Montfort

1260

six children
12 November 1282

Braine

aged 40–41
John II the Good

1282–1309
Blason Robert III de Dreux avant 1198.svg c. 1265

eldest son of Robert IV and Beatrice of Montfort
(1) Joan of Montpensier

1292

five children

(2) Perrenelle of Sully

January 1308

one daughter
c. 1309

Braine

aged 43–44
Robert V

1309–1329
Blason Robert III de Dreux avant 1198.svg c. 1293

eldest son of John II and Joan of Montpensier
Marie of Enghien

April 1321

no issues
22 March 1329

Braine

aged 35–36
John III

1329–1331
Blason Robert III de Dreux avant 1198.svg c. 1295

second son of John II and Joan of Montpensier
Ida of Rosny

1329

no issues
c. 1331

Braine

aged 35–36
Peter I

1331–1345
Blason Robert III de Dreux avant 1198.svg c. 1298

third son of John II and Joan of Montpensier
Isabeau de Melun

1341

one daughter
3 November 1345

Braine

aged 46–47
Joan I

1345–1346

under the regency of Countess Isabeau
Blason Robert III de Dreux avant 1198.svg c. 1345

Chateau de Gamaches

only daughter of Peter I and Isabeau de Melun
never married c. 1346

Braine

aged 1
Joan II

1346–1355

with Louis I
Blason Robert III de Dreux avant 1198.svg c. 1309

only daughter of John II and Perrenelle of Sully
Louis I of Thouars

Thouars

1330

five children
c. 1355

aged 45–46
Louis I

1346–1355

with Joan II
Blason famille fr Thouars.svg c. 1310

Thouars

eldest son of John I of Thouars and Blanche of Brabant
(1) Joan II of Dreux

Thouars

1330

five children

(2) Isabeau d'Avaugour

Thouars

July 1361

no issues

7 April 1370

Talmont

aged 59–60

House of Thouars [ edit ]

  • 1355-1365 : Simon (son of)
  • 1365-1377 : Péronelle (sister of)
  • 1365-1377 : Isabeau (sister of)
  • 1365-1377 : Margaret (sister of)

In 1377, the three sisters sold Dreux to the French crown.

House of Albret [ edit ]

  • 1382-1401 : Arnaud Amanieu (also lord of Albret)
  • 1401-1415 : Charles I (son of, also lord of Albret)
  • 1415-1471 : Charles II (son of, also lord of Albret)
    • John IV (associated, also viscount of Tartas)
  • 1471-1522 : Alain - Alain the Great (son of)
  • 1522-1555 : Henry I (son of, also king of Navarre)
  • 1555-1572 : Jeanne (daughter of, also queen of Navarre)

House of Valois-Angoulême [ edit ]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Catherine

1559–1569
Catherine de medici widow clouet.jpg 13 April 1519

Florence

only daughter of Lorenzo II de' Medici, Duke of Urbino and Madeleine de La Tour d'Auvergne
Henry II of France

Marseille

28 October 1533

ten children
5 January 1589

Château de Blois

aged 69
Hercule-François

1569–1584

duc de Dreux
Fd'Alençon.jpg 18 March 1555

Château de Fontainebleau

fifth son of Henry II of France and Catherine
never married 19 June 1584

Château-Thierry

aged 29

House of Bourbon [ edit ]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Charles III

1594–1612
CharlesdeBourbonComtedeSoissonCustos.jpg 3 November 1566

Nogent-le-Rotrou

sixth son of Louis I de Bourbon, prince de Condé and Françoise d'Orléans-Longueville
Anne de Montafié

27 December 1601

five children
1 November 1612

Château de Blandy

aged 45
Louis III

1612–1641
Château de Beauregard - Louis, Count of Soissons.jpg 1 May 1604

Hôtel de Soissons

only son of Charles III and Anne de Montafié
never married 6 July 1641

Sedan

aged 36
Marie

1641–1656
Painting of Marie de Bourbon, Dowager Princess of Carignano in circa 1650 by an unknown artist.png 3 March 1606

Hôtel de Soissons

second daughter of Charles III and Anne de Montafié
Thomas Francis, Prince of Carignano

Paris

6 January 1625

seven children
3 June 1692

Hôtel de Soissons

aged 86

House of Savoy-Carignano [ edit ]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Eugene Maurice, Count of Soissons

1656–1673
Eugen Moritz von Soissons Pierre Mignard.jpg 2 May 1635

Chambéry, Savoie, Rhone-Alpes, France

Olympia Mancini

Paris

21 February 1657

eight children
6 June 1673

Unna

aged 38
Emmanuel Philibert of Carignano

1673–1676
Armoiries Savoie-Carignan-Soissons.svg 16 October 1662

fourth son of Eugene Maurice and Olympia Mancini
never married 12 June 1676

Turin

aged 13

House of Longueville [ edit ]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Marie

1676–1707
1705 Portrait of the widowed Marie d'Orléans, Duchess of Nemours by Hyacinthe Rigaud (Lausanne).jpg 5 March 1625

Paris

eldest daughter of Henri II d'Orléans, duc de Longueville and Louise de Bourbon
Henri II, Duke of Nemours

Trie

22 May 1657

no issues
16 June 1707

Paris

aged 82

House of Bourbon [ edit ]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Louis Joseph

1707–1712
Duc de Vendome 1706.PNG 1 July 1654

Paris

eldest son of Louis de Bourbon, Duke of Vendôme and Laura Mancini
Marie Anne de Bourbon

Chateau de Sceaux

21 May 1710

no issues
11 June 1712

Vinaros

aged 57
Marie Anne

1712–1718
Portrait of Mademoiselle de Montmorency (1678–1718) future Duchess of Vendome (Copy of an original in the Château d'Eu).jpg 24 February 1678

Hôtel de Condé

fifth daughter of Henri Jules de Bourbon, prince de Condé and Anne Henriette
Louis Joseph de Bourbon, Duke of Vendôme

Chateau de Sceaux

21 May 1710

no issues
11 April 1718

Hôtel de Vendôme

aged 40

House of Palatinate-Simmern [ edit ]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Anne Henriette

1718–1723
Anne de Bavière par Gobert.jpg 13 March 1648

Paris

second daughter of Edward of the Palatinate-Simmern and Anna Gonzaga
Henri Jules de Bourbon, prince de Condé

Chateau de Sceaux

11 December 1663

ten children
23 February 1723

Petit Luxembourg

aged 74

House of Bourbon [ edit ]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Anne Louise Bénédicte

1723–1753
Duchesse du Maine.jpeg 8 November 1676

Hôtel de Condé

fourth daughter of Henri Jules de Bourbon, prince de Condé and Anne Henriette
Louis-Auguste de Bourbon, duc du Maine

Palace of Versailles

19 May 1692

seven children
23 January 1753

Hôtel du Maine

aged 76
Louis Auguste

1753–1755
Troy - Louis Auguste de Bourbon, Prince of Dombes in armour.jpg 4 March 1700

Palace of Versailles

second son of Louis-Auguste de Bourbon, duc du Maine and Anne Louise Bénédicte
never married 1 October 1755

Palace of Fontainebleau

aged 55
Louis Charles

1755–1775
Louis Charles de Bourbon, Count of Eu, unknown artist.jpg 5 October 1701

Château de Sceaux

third son of Louis-Auguste de Bourbon, duc du Maine and Anne Louise Bénédicte
never married 13 July 1775

Château de Sceaux

aged 73
Louis Jean Marie

1775–1793
Louis Jean Marie de Bourbon, duc de Penthièvre.jpg 16 November 1725

Château de Rambouillet

only son of Louis-Alexandre de Bourbon, comte de Toulouse and Marie Victoire de Noailles
Maria Teresa d'Este

Palace of Versailles

29 December 1744

seven children
4 March 1793

Château de Bizy

aged 67
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