Wikipedia

Crime in Hong Kong

Crime in Hong Kong is present in various forms. The most common crimes are thefts, assaults, vandalism, burglaries, drug offenses, sex trafficking, and triad-related crimes. In 2015, Hong Kong had one of the lowest murder rates in the world, comparable to Japan but higher than Macao or Singapore.[1] See also List of countries by intentional homicide rate.

Police vehicles in Hong Kong

Statistics [ edit ]

Crime rate[2] 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Homicide total 66 69 52 45 34 35 18 36 47 35 17 27 62 27 22 28
Homicide rate 1.0 1.0 0.8 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.2 0.4 0.9 0.4 0.3 0.4

In the year 2015, crime dropped to a 36-year low for Hong Kong. [3] There were 10,889 reported incidents of violent crimes in Hong Kong. Hong Kong had 22 homicides, 5,360 incidents of wounding and serious assaults, 223 robberies, 2,579 burglaries, and 70 rapes. In the 2000s, the number and rate of murders was the highest in 2002. 2011 had the lowest rate and number of murders, at 17 (0.2 murders per 100,000 people; lowest in the world). The homicide rate increased 129.6% in 2013 from 2012 though this was due to the inclusion of 39 deaths from the Lamma Island ferry collision.[2]

The most common forms of crime in Hong Kong are non-violent crimes. 27,512 reports of theft were made in Hong Kong in 2015. The most common forms of theft were miscellaneous thefts, shoplifting, pick-pocketing, and vehicle theft.[2] Criminal damage is also a common crime in Hong Kong, with 5,920 reports in 2015.[4]

Organised crime [ edit ]

Crimes committed by triads occur in Hong Kong. Common triad-related offenses include extortion, illegal gambling, drug trafficking, and racketeering.[5] One of the world's largest triads, Sun Yee On, was founded in Hong Kong in 1919, and is reported to have 55,000 members worldwide.[6] Sun Yee On's rival organisation, 14K Triad, was formed in Guangzhou, Guangdong, China in 1945, and relocated to Hong Kong in 1949. According to British criminal Colin Blaney in his autobiography Undesirables, British organised crime groups known as the Wide Awake Firm and the Inter City Jibbers that specialise in jewelry thefts and picking pockets have also been known to operate in Hong Kong.[7]

Domestic and transnational criminal organizations carry out sex trafficking in China, including Hong Kong.[8][9] Many mainland Chinese prostitutes in Hong Kong are reportedly sexually trafficked victims.[10]

Sex trafficking [ edit ]

Sex trafficking in Hong Kong is an issue. Hongkonger and foreign women and girls are forced into prostitution in brothels, homes, and businesses in the city.[11][12][13][14]

See also [ edit ]

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ https://www.indexmundi.com/facts/indicators/VC.IHR.PSRC.P5/rankings
  2. ^ a b c Crime Statistics Comparison, Hong Kong Police Force
  3. ^ "Crime rates in Hong Kong last year at its lowest in 36 years". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 1 February 2016.
  4. ^ Chan, Bernard. Falling crime rate a Hong Kong success to celebrate, South China Morning Post, 22 February 2013. Retrieved on 15 October 2013.
  5. ^ Crime Trends in Hong Kong Archived 6 March 2007 at the Wayback Machine, University of Hong Kong, 2000. Retrieved on 15 October 2013.
  6. ^ Shanty, Frank; Mishra, Patit Paban Organized crime: from trafficking to terrorism, pg xvi, Volume 2. ISBN 1576073378 ABC-CLIO (24 September 2007)
  7. ^ Blaney, Colin (2014). Undesirables. John Blake. pp. 240–242. ISBN 978-1782198970.
  8. ^ "Vietnam's Human Trafficking Problem Is Too Big to Ignore". The Diplomat. 8 November 2019.
  9. ^ "2018 Trafficking in Persons Report: China". United States Department of State.
  10. ^ "Human trafficking in Hong Kong: hidden in plain sight". South China Morning Post Magazine. 16 January 2016.
  11. ^ "New ways to help Hong Kong's human trafficking victims". CN Monitor. 22 October 2015.
  12. ^ "Human trafficking in Hong Kong: hidden in plain sight". South China Morning Post. 16 January 2016.
  13. ^ "Fed up with human trafficking, Hong Kong migrant workers hold vigil demanding justice". South China Morning Post. 25 February 2018.
  14. ^ "Hong Kong must lead the fight against human trafficking, rather than just do the bare minimum". South China Morning Post. 8 July 2016.
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