Democratic Social Party

Democratic Social Party

Partido Democrático Social
President Paulo Maluf (last)
Founded 31 January 1980 (1980-01-31)
Dissolved 4 April 1993 (1993-04-04)
Preceded by National Renewal Alliance
Merged into Reform Progressive Party
Headquarters Brasília, DF
Ideology Conservatism

Liberal conservatism
Political position Right-wing
Colours      Blue

The Democratic Social Party (Portuguese: Partido Democrático Social, PDS) was a conservative Brazilian political party.

It was established in 1979 as a continuation of the National Renewal Alliance (ARENA), the political wing of the military during the 1965–79 military dictatorship, at a time in which the country was moving away from authoritarianism. However, the official foundation date is 31 January 1980. In 1985, when Paulo Maluf won the party's nomination for the presidential bid, a huge group, led by José Sarney (former leader of ARENA from 1971 to 1980 and of the PDS from 1980–85), Jorge Bornhausen and Marco Maciel, founded the Liberal Front Party (PFL). Sarney was elected Vice-President in that year's election, but he served from the beginning as President, due to the death of President-elect Tancredo Neves.

The Democratic Social Party suffered bad defeats both 1986 (7.9%) and 1990 (8.9%) elections for the Chamber of Deputies, when at the same time PFL took 17.7% and 12.4%. In 1986, in particular, the party was seriously defeated also in state elections, so that all of the 12 governorships won in 1982 were lost.

In 1993 the party merged with the Christian Democratic Party (3.0% in 1990 elections for the lower house) to form the Reform Progressive Party, which was intended to be a moderate-conservative party.

Electoral history [ edit ]

Presidential elections [ edit ]

Election Party candidate Electoral votes % Result
1985 Paulo Maluf 180 27.27% Lost Red X N

Notes [ edit ]

Election was on electoral college not popular vote

Election Party candidate Votes % Result
1989 Paulo Salim Maluf 5,986,012 8.9% Lost Red X N

Chamber of Deputies and Senate elections [ edit ]

Election Chamber of Deputies Federal Senate
Votes % Seats +/– Position Votes % Seats +/– Position
1982 17,775,738 43.2%
235 / 479
Increase 4 Steady 1st 17,799,069 42.2%
15 / 25
Steady Steady 1st
1986 3,731,735 7.9%
38 / 487
Decrease 198 Decrease 3rd
2 / 49
Decrease 13 Decrease 3rd
1990 3,609,196 8.9%
42 / 502
Increase 9 Decrease 5th
2 / 31
Steady Decrease 5th

What is this?