Wikipedia

Dezhou

Dezhou


德州市


Tehchow
Dezhou6.jpg
ChinaShandongDezhou.png
Coordinates (Dezhou municipal government): 37°26′10″N116°21′32″E / 37.436°N 116.359°E / 37.436; 116.359Coordinates: 37°26′10″N116°21′32″E / 37.436°N 116.359°E / 37.436; 116.359
Country People's Republic of China
Province Shandong
County-level divisions 11
Municipal seat Decheng District
Government
 • CPC Secretary Wu Cuiyun (吴翠云)
 • Mayor Chen Fei
Area
 • Total 10,356 km2 (3,998 sq mi)
Population
 (2010)[1]
 • Total 5,586,200
 • Density 540/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+08:00 (China Standard)
Area code(s) 0534
ISO 3166 code CN-SD-14
License Plate Prefix 鲁N
Website dz.gov.cn

Dezhou (Chinese: 德州; pinyin: Dézhōu) is a prefecture-level city in northwestern Shandong province, People's Republic of China. It borders the provincial capital of Jinan to the southeast, Liaocheng to the southwest, Binzhou to the northeast, and the province of Hebei to the north.

History [ edit ]

Map including Dezhou (labeled as TE-HSIEN (TEHCHOW) (walled) 德縣) (AMS, 1954)

Sulu Royal Family [ edit ]

The King of Sulu Paduka Pahala from the first royal family on Sulu before the Hashemites went on a tribute mission to the Ming dynasty Yongle Emperor. He died of natural causes in China and his two sons and wife were left in the care of Hui Muslims in Dezhou, Shandong.[2] The two families descended from the two sons were given the surnames An and Wen by the Ming Emperors. They lived through the Ming and Qing dynasties and still live in Dezhou today.[by whom?][citation needed]

The Kingdom of Sulu was converted to Islam, and the Hashemite Sharif ul-Hāshim of Sulu arrived in Sulu and married a princess of the previous non-Hashemite royal family, founding the Sulu Sultanate.[citation needed]

Tausug delegations from Sulu have visited Dezhou to see the descendants of the previous royal family.[citation needed]

Administration [ edit ]

The municipality of Dezhou comprises thirteen county-level sub divisions:[3]

Districts
Cities

Cities (县级市 xianji shi) administered by Dezhou are:

Counties

Counties (县 xian) administered by Dezhou are:

Development zones
Map

Geography [ edit ]

Climate data for Dezhou (1981–2010 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 3.4

(38.1)
7.2

(45.0)
13.4

(56.1)
21.3

(70.3)
26.9

(80.4)
31.5

(88.7)
31.8

(89.2)
30.6

(87.1)
27.0

(80.6)
21.0

(69.8)
12.1

(53.8)
5.1

(41.2)
19.3

(66.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) −1.8

(28.8)
1.6

(34.9)
7.6

(45.7)
15.2

(59.4)
21.0

(69.8)
25.8

(78.4)
27.2

(81.0)
26.0

(78.8)
21.5

(70.7)
15.0

(59.0)
6.7

(44.1)
0.3

(32.5)
13.8

(56.9)
Average low °C (°F) −5.6

(21.9)
−2.7

(27.1)
2.8

(37.0)
9.9

(49.8)
15.6

(60.1)
20.5

(68.9)
23.2

(73.8)
22.2

(72.0)
17.0

(62.6)
10.4

(50.7)
2.5

(36.5)
−3.4

(25.9)
9.4

(48.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 2.9

(0.11)
6.1

(0.24)
11.3

(0.44)
20.4

(0.80)
38.5

(1.52)
68.5

(2.70)
158.4

(6.24)
121.3

(4.78)
40.7

(1.60)
29.5

(1.16)
11.1

(0.44)
3.4

(0.13)
512.1

(20.16)
Average relative humidity (%) 58 54 52 54 60 60 76 78 70 65 64 61 63
Source: China Meteorological Administration[4]

Transport [ edit ]

Historical [ edit ]

The Yellow river and the Grand Canal runs through Dezhou, making it an important hub for cargo transit since antient times. It was described as "Junction of Nine Arteries" (九达天衢) and "Portal of the Capital" (神京门户).

Modern Era [ edit ]

Dezhou is connected via the Shijiazhuang-Dezhou railway, Shijiazhuang-Ji'nan HSR, Beijing-Shanghai railway, Beijing-Shanghai HSR. A small, single-track railway connects Dezhou with Dongying city as well.

The main expressway passing Dezhou is the G3 Beijing-Taipei Expressway, running north–south from it; other provincial expressways, as well as National Highway 104 and 105 offer connections in other directions for Dezhou

Tourism [ edit ]

Dezhou's biggest historical attraction is the tomb of Sultan Paduka Pahala of Sulu (Philippines), who died in Dezhou on his return journey from a visit to the Yongle Emperor in 1417.[2] The tomb is well preserved and has been declared a national heritage site. Descendants of the sultan's Muslim followers still live in Dezhou today, and are classified as the Hui minority.

One of Dezhou's county Lingxian used to be a big county in China in history, when it was called Pingyuan County. Now part of the ancient city wall of Tang Dynasty still exists in the south of the region. Before the Three Kingdoms formed, one of the three emperors Liu Bei used to be the chief of the county, together with his fellows Guan Yu and Zhang Fei. In addition, it is the hometown of Dongfang Shuo, the most well-known adviser during the reign of Emperor Wu of Han ; In Tang Dynasty, a major figure of Chinese calligraphy, Yan Zhenqing, once took office as the administrator of the county. Today, a memorial hall for the two historic figures is built in the People's Park of Lingxian, where a lot of materials of Dongfang Shuo and stone inscriptions of Yan Zhenqing are preserved.

For tourist attractions, there is also a famous temple in Qingyun County. It's called Haidao Jinshan Temple, which is one of the biggest centers of Buddhism in Northern China. The most attractive scene is the underground aisle where the portrait of the hell is presented using high technology.

Industry [ edit ]

A new industrial zone hailed as the "Solar Valley" is being built for experimenting with clean-energy urban projects and massive use of household utilities such as solar-powered water-heaters. The Washington Post describes Dezhou's Solar Valley as the "clean-tech version of Silicon Valley".[5]

Nowadays one of the biggest and most famous industries in Dezhou is solar energy industry, with two main corporations included—Himin Group (皇明集团) and its partner Ecco Solar Group (亿家能集团). Dezhou increased its international reputation when it was selected to follow previous hosts,[6] Daegu, South Korea (2004), Oxford, UK (2006) and Adelaide, Australia (2008) as host of the 2010 International Solar City Congress.[7] Himin Group has developed into the world's largest solar water heater manufacturer and is also discovering new areas such as photoelectricity.

Greenpeace China cited Dezhou in May 2009 as an example of how renewable energy can become a more common reality throughout the world.[8]

Dezhou also houses the world's largest solar-powered office building, covering around 75,000 square meters.[9][10]

Education [ edit ]

"Dezhou College"is a comprehensive college which was approved by the National Education Committee in March 2000. It is the aggregation of Dezhou Teachers’ College, Dezhou Education College and Evening College Municipality, which has a 30-year history.

Notable people [ edit ]

Miscellaneous [ edit ]

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ "According to 2010 China National Census". Archived from the original on 2012-04-06. Retrieved 2011-06-08.
  2. ^ a b Steinhardt, Nancy Shatzman (2015). China's Early Mosques. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. pp. 161–162. ISBN 978-1-4744-3721-9.
  3. ^ "Political divisions of Dezhou City". Archived from the original on 2011-07-23. Retrieved 2011-06-08.
  4. ^ 中国气象数据网 - WeatherBk Data (in Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 2020-04-13.
  5. ^ "With Solar Valley project, China embarks on bold green technology mission" by Andrew Higgins; Washington Post, May 17, 2010
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-26. Retrieved 2010-08-13. CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ Himin sees more shine in Dezhou's Solar Valley China Daily
  8. ^ On the sunny side of the street
  9. ^ "World's Largest Solar-powered Office building". Archived from the original on 2011-08-24. Retrieved 2011-10-24.
  10. ^ " "

External links [ edit ]

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