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Location of Dingxi City jurisdiction in Gansu
Location of Dingxi City jurisdiction in Gansu
Coordinates: 35°34′50.25″N104°37′35″E / 35.5806250°N 104.62639°E / 35.5806250; 104.62639
Country People's Republic of China
Province Gansu
 • Total 19,609.24 km2 (7,571.17 sq mi)
 • Total 3,031,200
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard)
ISO 3166 code CN-GS-11

Dingxi (Chinese: 定西; pinyin: Dìngxī) is a prefecture-level city in the southeast of Gansu province, People's Republic of China.

Geography and climate [ edit ]

Dingxi City is located in central Gansu province, 98 km (61 mi) east of Lanzhou, giving it the nickname the "eastern gateway". The Wei River, a tributary of the Yellow River flows through the district and provides it with the majority of its water. Dingxi is semi-arid, with little precipitation. Even though sunlight here can be intense, temperatures are generally cool. The surrounding terrain is mostly loess hills and ravines in the north and highlands in the south. The area is 20,300 km2 (7,800 sq mi).

History [ edit ]

Dingxi was important in the development of some of China's earliest cultures, specifically along the Wei River, one of the Yellow River's biggest tributaries. Numerous Neolithic sites from various cultures are found throughout the area.[1]

A series of earthquakes in July 2013 killed at least 89 people and injured more than 500 others.

Administration [ edit ]

Dingxi has 1 urban district, 6 counties, and 119 towns with a total population of 2,698,622.[2]

Name Simplified Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Population

(2010 census)
Area (km²) Density (/km²)
City proper
Anding District 安定区 Āndìng Qū 420,614 4,225 99.55
Tongwei County 通渭县 Tōngwèi Xiàn 349,539 2,899 120.57
Longxi County 陇西县 Lǒngxī Xiàn 453,259 2,657 170.59
Weiyuan County 渭源县 Wèiyuán Xiàn 324,215 2,034 159.40
Lintao County 临洮县 Líntáo Xiàn 507,386 2,851 177.97
Zhang County 漳县 Zhāng Xiàn 192,957 2,164 89.17
Min County 岷县 Mín Xiàn 450,654 3,500 128.76

Transport [ edit ]

Economy [ edit ]

Dingxi has been one of the most poverty-stricken regions in Gansu province and China as a whole.[3] Up to 1999, some citizens still lacked food and clothing.

Agriculture and natural resource based industries are the key to Dingxi's economy. There are more than 300 different kinds of Chinese medicinal plants and herbs found in the area. Dingxi's Anding County is China's number one grower of yams. Zanthoxylum (also called Sichuan Pepper or prickly ash fruit), walnuts, wild apricots, and other fruit are some of Dingxi's famous dried exports. Potato is an important crop, and Dingxi has been described as the 'Potato Capital of China'.[4]

References [ edit ]

External links [ edit ]

Coordinates: 35°34′50.25″N104°37′34.60″E / 35.5806250°N 104.6262778°E / 35.5806250; 104.6262778

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