In the Persian epic of Shahnameh Div-e Sepid (Persian: دیو سپید, lit. White Demon), is the chieftain of the Divs (demons) of Mazandaran. He is a huge being. He possesses great physical strength and is skilled in sorcery and necromancy. He destroys the army of Kay Kavus by conjuring a dark storm of hail, boulders, and tree trunks using his magical skills. He then captures Kay Kavus, his commanders, and paladins; blinds them, and imprisons them in a dungeon. The greatest Persian mythical hero Rostam undertakes his "Seven Labors" to free his sovereign. At the end, Rostam slays Div-e Sepid and uses his heart and blood to cure the blindness of the king and the captured Persian heroes. Rostam also takes the Div's head as a helmet and is often pictured wearing it.
In the Shabrangnama [ edit ]
In the Shabrangnama it is revealed that the white demon sired a son.
Alternative views [ edit ]
It is written in the Journal of the Royal Central Asian Society that the struggle between Rostam and the white demon represents a struggle between Iranians and invaders from the north, from the Caspian provinces.
The Div-e Sepid is believed by Joseph J. Reed to have been a northern prince. Warner believes that he is a personification of the Mazandaranians, who by their climate are an unhealthy pale colour. Some scholars hold the opinion that these divs of Mazandaran are merely wild people of the forest. Others are of the opinion that they are a group of enemy kings of ancient Mazandaran (which might have been different from its modern location) and Tabaristan. Alexander Krappe theorized that Ahriman himself was believed to have white skin. P. Molesworth Sykes believes that the name "White Div" represents a white nation.
References [ edit ]
- Vesta Sarkhosh Curtis (1993). Persian Myths. University of Texas Press. ISBN 0-292-71158-1.
- Shahnama Studies II : the Reception of Firdausi's Shahnama. Melville, C. P. (Charles Peter), 1951-, Van den Berg, Gabrielle Rachel, 1967-. Leiden: Brill. 2012. ISBN 9789004228634. OCLC 808441521. CS1 maint: others (link)
- Journal of the Royal Central Asian Society By Royal Central Asian Society
- P. 23 Outlines of universal history: in three parts; with a copious index to each part, showing the correct mode of pronouncing every name mentioned ... by Joseph J Reed
- P. 507 Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Part 16 By James Hastings
- The Wild Rue: A Study of Muhammadan Magic and Folklore in Iran By Bess Allen Donaldson
- P. 120 World Of Myths By Felipe Fernández-Armesto
- Alexander H. Krappe 'Albinos and Albinism in Iranian Tradition' Folklore Vol. 55, No. 4 (December 1944) pp. 170-4
- P. 137 A History of Persia By Percy Molesworth Sykes
- P. 121 Myths of the Hero: With 105 Illustrations by Norma Lorre Goodrich
- Encyclopædia Iranica, "Zal", E. Yarshater
[ edit ]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Div-e-Sepid.|