Dubs  (Arpitan)
Prefecture building of the Doubs department, in Besançon
Prefecture building of the Doubs department, in Besançon
Flag of Doubs

Coat of arms of Doubs

Coat of arms
Location of Doubs in France
Location of Doubs in France
Coordinates: 47°10′N06°25′E / 47.167°N 6.417°E / 47.167; 6.417Coordinates: 47°10′N06°25′E / 47.167°N 6.417°E / 47.167; 6.417
Country France
Region Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
Prefecture Besançon
Subprefectures Montbéliard

 • President of the Departmental Council Christine Bouquin (DVD)
 • Total 5,232.6 km2 (2,020.3 sq mi)
 • Total 538,549
 • Rank 50th
 • Density 100/km2 (270/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number 25
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 19
Communes 573
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Doubs (French: [du] (About this soundlisten); Arpitan: Dubs) is a department in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region of eastern France named after the Doubs River.

History [ edit ]

As early as the 13th century, inhabitants of the northern two-thirds of Doubs spoke Franc-Comtois, a dialect of Langue d'Oïl. Residents of the southern third of Doubs spoke a dialect of the Arpitan language. Both languages co-existed with French, the official language of law and commerce, and continued to be spoken frequently in rural areas into the 20th century. They are both still spoken today but not on a daily basis.

Doubs was important as a portal to Switzerland through the pass at Joux. Many famous people, including Mirabeau, Toussaint Louverture and Heinrich von Kleist, were imprisoned in the Château de Joux.

Doubs is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It was created from part of the former province of Franche-Comté. The prefecture (capital) is Besançon.

In 1793, the republic of Mandeure was annexed by France and incorporated into the department. This district was passed between various territories and departments in the ensuing administrative reorganisations and wars, but was restored to Doubs in 1816 when the former principality of Montbéliard was also added to the department.

However, the commune of Le Cerneux-Péquignot was annexed by the Canton of Neuchâtel under the terms of the 1814 Treaty of Paris, and since remained Swiss territory.

Between the defeat of France at the Battle of Waterloo and November 1818, Doubs was included in the area occupied by Austrian troops.

Victor Hugo, Gustave Courbet, and Auguste and Louis Lumière are among the famous people born in Doubs.

Geography [ edit ]

Doubs is part of the current region of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté and is surrounded by the French departments of Jura, Haute-Saône, and Territoire de Belfort, and the Swiss cantons of Vaud, Neuchâtel, and Jura.

The department is dominated by the Jura mountains, which rise east of Besançon.

Politics [ edit ]

The President of the Departmental Council is Christine Bouquin (DVD).

Party seats
The Republicans 24
Socialist Party 14

Current National Assembly Representatives [ edit ]

Constituency Member[1] Party
Doubs's 1st constituency Fannette Charvier La République En Marche!
Doubs's 2nd constituency Éric Alauzet La République En Marche!
Doubs's 3rd constituency Denis Sommer La République En Marche!
Doubs's 4th constituency Frédéric Barbier La République En Marche!
Doubs's 5th constituency Annie Genevard The Republicans

Demographics [ edit ]

The inhabitants of the department are called Doubiens.

Population development since 1791:

Historical population
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1791 219,642 —    
1801 216,226 −0.16%
1806 226,040 +0.89%
1821 242,663 +0.47%
1831 265,535 +0.90%
1841 286,236 +0.75%
1851 296,679 +0.36%
1861 296,280 −0.01%
1872 291,251 −0.16%
1881 310,827 +0.73%
1891 303,081 −0.25%
1901 298,864 −0.14%
1911 299,935 +0.04%
1921 285,022 −0.51%
1931 305,500 +0.70%
1936 304,812 −0.05%
1946 298,255 −0.22%
1954 327,187 +1.16%
1962 384,881 +2.05%
1968 426,363 +1.72%
1975 471,082 +1.44%
1982 477,163 +0.18%
1990 484,770 +0.20%
1999 499,062 +0.32%
2006 516,823 +0.50%
2016 538,549 +0.41%

Economy [ edit ]

The Doubs department is at the same time the greenest and the most industrialized in France.[citation needed]

It is the birthplace of the automotive manufacturer Peugeot.

Tourism [ edit ]

The castle of Joux and Besançon are important tourist destinations.

Gallery [ edit ]

See also [ edit ]

Bibliography [ edit ]

  • Hoffmann, Michael, Die französischen Konservativen in der katholischen Provinz Parteigenese und politische Kultur im Doubs (1900-1930) (Frankfurt am Main u.a., Peter Lang, 2008) (Moderne Geschichte und Politik, 22).

References [ edit ]

External links [ edit ]

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