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Ewenki Autonomous Banner

Ewenki Banner


鄂温克旗ᠡᠸᠡᠩᠬᠢᠬᠣᠰᠢᠭᠤᠧᠸᠧᠩᠺᠢᠭᠣᠰ

(Chinese) • (Mongolian) • (Ewenki)
Ewenki Autonomous Banner

鄂温克族自治旗

ᠡᠸᠡᠩᠬᠢᠥᠪᠡᠷᠲᠡᠭᠡᠨᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠤᠬᠣᠰᠢᠭᠤ

ᠧᠸᠧᠩᠺᠢᠠᠶᠢᠮᠠᠨᠨᠢᠮᠧᠧᠨᠵᠢᠵᠣᠬᠠᠷᠭᠣᠰ
Evenk Autonomous Banner.jpg
Ewenki Banner in Hulunbuir
Ewenki Banner in Hulunbuir
Hulunbuir in Inner Mongolia
Hulunbuir in Inner Mongolia
Coordinates (Ewenki Banner government): 49°08′48″N119°45′19″E / 49.1468°N 119.7552°E / 49.1468; 119.7552Coordinates: 49°08′48″N119°45′19″E / 49.1468°N 119.7552°E / 49.1468; 119.7552
Country People's Republic of China
Region Inner Mongolia
Prefecture-level city Hulunbuir
Area
 • Total 19,111 km2 (7,379 sq mi)
Population
 (2013)[1]
 • Total 144,000
 • Density 7.5/km2 (20/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
021100

Ewenki Autonomous Banner (Evenki: ᠧᠸᠧᠩᠺᠢ ᠠᠶᠢᠮᠠᠨᠨᠢ ᠮᠧᠧᠨᠵᠢ ᠵᠣᠬᠠᠷ ᠭᠣᠰ in QaganTig.SVG, Ewengki Aimanni Mvvngkeng Isihēr Gosa, Эвенки Аймани Мвенкен Исихер Госа; Mongolian: ᠡᠸᠡᠩᠬᠢ ᠥᠪᠡᠷᠲᠡᠭᠡᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠤ ᠬᠣᠰᠢᠭᠤ, Eveŋki öbertegen jasaqu qosiɣu, Эвэнк өөртөө засах хошуу; simplified Chinese: 鄂温克族自治旗; traditional Chinese: 鄂溫克族自治旗; pinyin: Èwēnkèzú Zìzhìqí) is an autonomous banner that lies on the border between northwestern Greater Khingan and Hulun Buir grasslands and directly south of the urban district of Hailar in the prefecture-level city of Hulunbuir, People's Republic of China.[1] It has an area of 19,111 km2 (7,379 sq mi).[1] As of 2013, the banner has a population of 143,415, with a population density of 7.5 inhabitants per km².[citation needed] The banner's seat of government is the town of Bayan Tohoi [zh].[1] The most populous town in the banner is Dayan [zh] (Mongolian: Mongolian Name of Dayan Town.png; Chinese: 大雁镇), which was once Dayan Mining Area (Mongolian: Mongolian Name of Dayan Mining Area.png; Chinese: 大雁矿区) as an administrative division and is now the main part of an industrial district also named Dayan Mining Area, has an area of 443 square kilometres and a population of about 73,000.[citation needed][clarification needed]

Administrative divisions [ edit ]

The banner is divided into 4 towns, 1 ethnic township, and 5 ethnic sumu: Bayan Tohoi [zh], Yiminhe [zh], Honghua'erji [zh], Dayan [zh], Bayantal Daur Ethnic Township [zh], Yimin Sumu [zh], Hui Sumu [zh], Xinihe East Sumu [zh], Xinihe West Sumu [zh], and Bayancuogang Sumu [zh].[1][2][3] These subdivisions are further divided into 44 Gacha [zh] and 20 Residential Communities.[1] The banner's seat of government is the town of Bayan Tohoi.[1]

Geography [ edit ]

Map including part of modern-day Ewenki Autonomous Banner (AMS, 1951)

The overwhelming majority of the banner's area is grassland, although the banner also includes a sizable amount of woodlands.[1][3] The banner experiences an average annual precipitation of 315 mm (12.4 in), and an average annual temperature of −2.4 °C (27.7 °F).[3]

Economy [ edit ]

A number of local state-run enterprises are located in Ewenki Autonomous Banner, many of which deal with natural resources such as coal and lumber.[1] These enterprises include Huaneng Yimin Coal and Electricity Company, which produces thermal and photovoltaic electricity,[4] Shenhua Dayan Energy Group, and Inner Mongolia Tongda Coal Industry Corporation.[1]

Demographics [ edit ]

Ethnicitiy [ edit ]

The banner's government reported in 2013 that ethnic minorities within the banner totaled 58,843 people, accounting for 40.8% of the total population.[1] In addition to the Han Chinese majority in the banner,[1] sizable minority communities include the Evenki, Mongol, Daur, Manchu, Hui, Korean, Oroqen, and Sibe people.[3]

Ethnicity Population[1] Percentage[1]
Han Chinese ~85,157 59.2%
Mongol 27,809 19.3%
Daur 14,239 9.9%
Evenki 11,193 7.8%
Others ~5,602 3.8%

Transport [ edit ]

Dayan Town is crossed by the Haiyi Railway [zh],[3] the Harbin-Manzhouli railway,[citation needed] and highways G301 and G10.[citation needed] Hailar International Airport is the nearest airport.[citation needed]

Gallery [ edit ]

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o 鄂温克概况 (in Chinese). Ewenki Autonomous Banner People's Government. Archived from the original on 2020-05-31. Retrieved 2020-05-31.
  2. ^ 2019年统计用区划代码 (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2020-05-31.
  3. ^ a b c d e 鄂温克族自治旗概况地图 (in Chinese). XZQH.org. 2013-04-23. Retrieved 2020-05-31.
  4. ^ 华能伊敏煤电有限责任公司-新华网. Xinhua. 2019-12-03. Archived from the original on 2020-05-31. Retrieved 2020-05-31.

External links [ edit ]

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