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Ezekiel 10

Ezekiel 10
Book of Ezekiel.jpg
Book of Ezekiel 30:13–18 in an English manuscript from the early 13th century, MS. Bodl. Or. 62, fol. 59a. A Latin translation appears in the margins with further interlineations above the Hebrew.
Book Book of Ezekiel
Hebrew Bible part Nevi'im
Order in the Hebrew part 7
Category Latter Prophets
Christian Bible part Old Testament
Order in the Christian part 26

Ezekiel 10 is the tenth chapter of the Book of Ezekiel in the Hebrew Bible or the Old Testament of the Christian Bible. This book contains the prophecies spoken by the prophet/priest Ezekiel, and is one of the Books of the Prophets.[1][2] In this chapter, Ezekiel sees "God’s Glory depart from the Temple".[3]

Text [ edit ]

The original text was written in Hebrew language. This chapter is divided into 22 verses.

Textual witnesses [ edit ]

Some early manuscripts containing the text of this chapter in Hebrew language:

There is also a translation into Koine Greek known as the Septuagint, made in the last few centuries BC. Extant ancient manuscripts of the Septuagint version include Codex Vaticanus (B; B; 4th century), Codex Alexandrinus (A; A; 5th century) and Codex Marchalianus (Q; Q; 6th century).[6][a]

Verse 1 [ edit ]

I looked, and there in the firmament that was above the head of the cherubim, there appeared something like a sapphire stone, having the appearance of the likeness of a throne".[8]

The sapphire stone is said to be like a throne of lapis lazuli in the New International Version.

Verse 4 [ edit ]

Then the glory of the Lord went up from the cherub,
and stood over the threshold of the house;
and the house was filled with the cloud,
and the court was full of the brightness of the Lord's glory. [9]
  • "Cherub" (Hebrew: כרוב kə-rūḇ; plural: Cherubim): in Brown-Driver-Briggs is defined as "the living chariot of the theophanic God."[10] Gesenius describes it as "a being of a sublime and celestial nature."[11] Same as in Ezekiel 1:5-14.[12]

Verse 15 [ edit ]

And the cherubims were lifted up.
This is the living creature that I saw by the river of Chebar. [13]

Verse 20 [ edit ]

This is the living creature that I saw under the God of Israel by the river of Chebar;
and I knew that they were the cherubims. [14]

Verse 22 [ edit ]

And the likeness of their faces was the same as the faces which I had seen by the River Chebar,
their appearance and their persons.
They each went straight forward. (NKJV)[15]
  • "River Chebar": is generally identified as the "Kebar Canal", near Nippur in what is now Iraq. It was part of a complex network of irrigation and transport canals which also included the Shatt el-Nil, a silted up canal toward the east of Babylon.[16][17]

See also [ edit ]

Notes [ edit ]

  1. ^ The extant Codex Sinaiticus currently does not have the whole Book of Ezekiel.[7]

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ J. D. Davis. 1960. A Dictionary of the Bible. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Book House.
  2. ^ Theodore Hiebert, et al. 1996. The New Interpreter's Bible: Volume VI. Nashville: Abingdon.
  3. ^ Chapter heading in the New International Version
  4. ^ Timothy A. J. Jull; Douglas J. Donahue; Magen Broshi; Emanuel Tov (1995). "Radiocarbon Dating of Scrolls and Linen Fragments from the Judean Desert". Radiocarbon. 38 (1): 14. Retrieved 26 November 2014.
  5. ^ Ulrich 2010, p. 587.
  6. ^ Würthwein 1995, pp. 73-74.
  7. ^ Shepherd, Michael (2018). A Commentary on the Book of the Twelve: The Minor Prophets. Kregel Exegetical Library. Kregel Academic. p. 13. ISBN 978-0825444593.
  8. ^ Ezekiel 10:1: NKJV
  9. ^ Ezekiel 10:4: KJV
  10. ^ Brown, Francis; Briggs, Charles A.; Driver, S. R. The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon. Hendrickson Publishers; Reprint edition (1994). ISBN 978-1565632066. "כְּרוּב".
  11. ^ Gesenius, H. W. F. Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Lexicon to the Old Testament Scriptures: Numerically Coded to Strong's Exhaustive Concordance, with an English Index. Samuel Prideaux Tregelles (Translator). Baker Book House; 7th edition. 1979. כְּרוּב
  12. ^ The New Oxford Annotated Bible with the Apocrypha, Augmented Third Edition, New Revised Standard Version, Indexed. Michael D. Coogan, Marc Brettler, Carol A. Newsom, Editors. Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA; 2007. pp. 1192-1193 Hebrew Bible. ISBN 978-0195288810
  13. ^ Ezekiel 10:15
  14. ^ Ezekiel 10:20
  15. ^ Ezekiel 10:22
  16. ^ Allen, Leslie C. (1994). Word Bible Commentary: Ezekiel 1–19. Dallas: Word, Incorporated. p. 22. ISBN 0-8499-0830-2.
  17. ^ Block, Daniel I. (1997). NICOT: The Book of Ezekiel: Chapters 1–24. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Eerdmans. p. 84. ISBN 0802825354.

Bibliography [ edit ]

External links [ edit ]

Jewish [ edit ]

Christian [ edit ]

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