|Book||Book of Ezekiel|
|Hebrew Bible part||Nevi'im|
|Order in the Hebrew part||7|
|Christian Bible part||Old Testament|
|Order in the Christian part||26|
Ezekiel 10 is the tenth chapter of the Book of Ezekiel in the Hebrew Bible or the Old Testament of the Christian Bible. This book contains the prophecies spoken by the prophet/priest Ezekiel, and is one of the Books of the Prophets. In this chapter, Ezekiel sees "God’s Glory depart from the Temple".
Text [ edit ]
Textual witnesses [ edit ]
Some early manuscripts containing the text of this chapter in Hebrew language:
- Masoretic Text (10th century)
- Dead Sea Scrolls: (2nd century BC)
- 4Q73 (4QEzeka): extant verses 5-22
There is also a translation into Koine Greek known as the Septuagint, made in the last few centuries BC. Extant ancient manuscripts of the Septuagint version include Codex Vaticanus (B; B; 4th century), Codex Alexandrinus (A; A; 5th century) and Codex Marchalianus (Q; Q; 6th century).[a]
Verse 1 [ edit ]
- I looked, and there in the firmament that was above the head of the cherubim, there appeared something like a sapphire stone, having the appearance of the likeness of a throne".
Verse 4 [ edit ]
Then the glory of the Lord went up from the cherub,
- and stood over the threshold of the house;
and the house was filled with the cloud,
- and the court was full of the brightness of the Lord's glory. 
- "Cherub" (Hebrew: כרוב ; plural: Cherubim): in Brown-Driver-Briggs is defined as "the living chariot of the theophanic God." Gesenius describes it as "a being of a sublime and celestial nature." Same as in Ezekiel 1:5-14.
Verse 15 [ edit ]
- And the cherubims were lifted up.
- This is the living creature that I saw by the river of Chebar. 
- "Cherub": see notes on Ezekiel 10:4.
Verse 20 [ edit ]
This is the living creature that I saw under the God of Israel by the river of Chebar;
- and I knew that they were the cherubims. 
Verse 22 [ edit ]
- And the likeness of their faces was the same as the faces which I had seen by the River Chebar,
- their appearance and their persons.
- They each went straight forward. (NKJV)
- "River Chebar": is generally identified as the "Kebar Canal", near Nippur in what is now Iraq. It was part of a complex network of irrigation and transport canals which also included the Shatt el-Nil, a silted up canal toward the east of Babylon.
See also [ edit ]
Notes [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
- J. D. Davis. 1960. A Dictionary of the Bible. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Book House.
- Theodore Hiebert, et al. 1996. The New Interpreter's Bible: Volume VI. Nashville: Abingdon.
- Chapter heading in the New International Version
- Timothy A. J. Jull; Douglas J. Donahue; Magen Broshi; Emanuel Tov (1995). "Radiocarbon Dating of Scrolls and Linen Fragments from the Judean Desert". Radiocarbon. 38 (1): 14. Retrieved 26 November 2014.
- Ulrich 2010, p. 587.
- Würthwein 1995, pp. 73-74.
- Shepherd, Michael (2018). A Commentary on the Book of the Twelve: The Minor Prophets. Kregel Exegetical Library. Kregel Academic. p. 13. ISBN 978-0825444593.
- Ezekiel 10:1: NKJV
- Ezekiel 10:4: KJV
- Brown, Francis; Briggs, Charles A.; Driver, S. R. The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon. Hendrickson Publishers; Reprint edition (1994). ISBN 978-1565632066. "כְּרוּב".
- Gesenius, H. W. F. Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Lexicon to the Old Testament Scriptures: Numerically Coded to Strong's Exhaustive Concordance, with an English Index. Samuel Prideaux Tregelles (Translator). Baker Book House; 7th edition. 1979. כְּרוּב
- The New Oxford Annotated Bible with the Apocrypha, Augmented Third Edition, New Revised Standard Version, Indexed. Michael D. Coogan, Marc Brettler, Carol A. Newsom, Editors. Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA; 2007. pp. 1192-1193 Hebrew Bible. ISBN 978-0195288810
- Ezekiel 10:15
- Ezekiel 10:20
- Ezekiel 10:22
- Allen, Leslie C. (1994). Word Bible Commentary: Ezekiel 1–19. Dallas: Word, Incorporated. p. 22. ISBN 0-8499-0830-2.
- Block, Daniel I. (1997). NICOT: The Book of Ezekiel: Chapters 1–24. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Eerdmans. p. 84. ISBN 0802825354.
Bibliography [ edit ]
- Bromiley, Geoffrey W. (1995). International Standard Bible Encyclopedia: vol. iv, Q-Z. Eerdmans.
- Clements, Ronald E (1996). Ezekiel. Westminster John Knox Press. ISBN 9780664252724.
- Joyce, Paul M. (2009). Ezekiel: A Commentary. Continuum. ISBN 9780567483614.
- Ulrich, Eugene, ed. (2010). The Biblical Qumran Scrolls: Transcriptions and Textual Variants. Brill.
- Würthwein, Ernst (1995). The Text of the Old Testament. Translated by Rhodes, Erroll F. Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans. ISBN 0-8028-0788-7. Retrieved January 26, 2019.