Ezekiel 7

Ezekiel 7
Book of Ezekiel.jpg
Book of Ezekiel 30:13–18 in an English manuscript from the early 13th century, MS. Bodl. Or. 62, fol. 59a. A Latin translation appears in the margins with further interlineations above the Hebrew.
Book Book of Ezekiel
Hebrew Bible part Nevi'im
Order in the Hebrew part 7
Category Latter Prophets
Christian Bible part Old Testament
Order in the Christian part 26

Ezekiel 7 is the seventh chapter of the Book of Ezekiel in the Hebrew Bible or the Old Testament of the Christian Bible. This book contains the prophecies spoken by the prophet/priest Ezekiel, and is one of the Book of the Prophets.[1][page needed] In this chapter, Ezekiel announces that "judgment on Israel is near".[2]

Text [ edit ]

The original text was written in Hebrew language. This chapter is divided into 27 verses.

Textual witnesses [ edit ]

Some early manuscripts containing the text of this chapter in Hebrew language:

There is also a translation into Koine Greek known as the Septuagint, made in the last few centuries BC. Extant ancient manuscripts of the Septuagint version include Codex Vaticanus (B; B; 4th century), Codex Alexandrinus (A; A; 5th century) and Codex Marchalianus (Q; Q; 6th century).[5][a]

Structure [ edit ]

This chapter consists of three sections which seem to build Amos's announcement of the day of YHWH (Amos 8:1-10), a day of judgement against Israel:[7]

  1. Verses 1–4
  2. Verses 5–9,
  3. Verses 10–27

Each section announces Israel's doom and concludes with the recognition formula: "and ye (they) shall know that I am the LORD".[8]

Verse 2 [ edit ]

Also, thou son of man, thus saith the Lord God unto the land of Israel;
An end, the end is come upon the four corners of the land. [9]

The phrase "Son of man" (Hebrew: בן־אדם ḇen-’ā-ḏām) is used 93 times to address Ezekiel.[10] The "land of Israel" refers to the Kingdom of Judah, as the ten tribes of northern Israel had already been carried captive.[11] Theologian John Gill dates this prophecy to the sixth year of King Zedekiah (around 591 BC).[11]

Verse 19 [ edit ]

They shall cast their silver in the streets, and their gold shall be removed: their silver and their gold shall not be able to deliver them in the day of the wrath of the Lord: they shall not satisfy their souls, neither fill their bowels: because it is the stumblingblock of their iniquity. [12]

Verse 25 [ edit ]

Destruction comes; they will seek peace, but there shall be none.[15]

Destruction: literally "shuddering",[15] also translated as "anguish".[16]

Verse 27 [ edit ]

The king will mourn,
The prince will be clothed with desolation,
And the hands of the common people will tremble.
I will do to them according to their way,
And according to what they deserve I will judge them;
Then they shall know that I am the Lord! [17]

The king and the prince are the same person: Zedekiah.[11] The reference to the king is missing in the Septuagint and, according to the Jerusalem Bible, this may be a later addition, as reference to the king is exceptional in Ezekiel.[18]

  • "I will do unto them after their way" (KJV): thus, Israel is "treated precisely as she deserves."[19]
  • "And they shall know that I am the Lord" (KJV): this becomes a recurring theme for Ezekiel, revealing that "the prophet identifies his words as a manifestation of the active presence of God."[20]

See also [ edit ]

Notes [ edit ]

  1. ^ The extant Codex Sinaiticus currently does not have the whole Book of Ezekiel.[6]

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ Theodore Hiebert, et al. 1996. The New Interpreter's Bible: Volume VI. Nashville: Abingdon.
  2. ^ Sub-heading to Ezekiel 7:1-27 in the New King James Version
  3. ^ Timothy A. J. Jull; Douglas J. Donahue; Magen Broshi; Emanuel Tov (1995). "Radiocarbon Dating of Scrolls and Linen Fragments from the Judean Desert". Radiocarbon. 38 (1): 14. Retrieved 26 November 2014.
  4. ^ Ulrich 2010, p. 587.
  5. ^ Würthwein 1995, pp. 73-74.
  6. ^ Shepherd, Michael (2018). A Commentary on the Book of the Twelve: The Minor Prophets. Kregel Exegetical Library. Kregel Academic. p. 13. ISBN 978-0825444593.
  7. ^ Galambush 2007, p. 540.
  8. ^ Galambush 2007, pp. 540–541.
  9. ^ Ezekiel 7:2 KJV
  10. ^ Bromiley 1995, p. 574.
  11. ^ a b c Gill, J., Gill's Exposition on Ezekiel 7, accessed 8 November 2019
  12. ^ Ezekiel 7:19 KJV
  13. ^ Hebrew Text Analysis: Ezekiel 7:19. Biblehub
  14. ^ Note [c] on Ezekiel 7:19 in NET
  15. ^ a b Ezekiel 7:25: NKJV
  16. ^ Ezekiel 7:25: RSV
  17. ^ Ezekiel 7:27: NKJV
  18. ^ Jerusalem Bible (1966), footnote p at Ezekield 7:27
  19. ^ Joyce, 2009 & 20.
  20. ^ Clements 1996, p. 31.

Sources [ edit ]

External links [ edit ]

Jewish [ edit ]

Christian [ edit ]

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