Book of Ezekiel 30:13–18 in an English manuscript from the early 13th century, MS. Bodl. Or. 62, fol. 59a. A Latin translation appears in the margins with further interlineations above the Hebrew.
|Book||Book of Ezekiel|
|Hebrew Bible part||Nevi'im|
|Order in the Hebrew part||7|
|Christian Bible part||Old Testament|
|Order in the Christian part||26|
Ezekiel 7 is the seventh chapter of the Book of Ezekiel in the Hebrew Bible or the Old Testament of the Christian Bible. This book contains the prophecies spoken by the prophet/priest Ezekiel, and is one of the Book of the Prophets.[page needed] In this chapter, Ezekiel announces that "judgment on Israel is near".
Text [ edit ]
Textual witnesses [ edit ]
Some early manuscripts containing the text of this chapter in Hebrew language:
There is also a translation into Koine Greek known as the Septuagint, made in the last few centuries BC. Extant ancient manuscripts of the Septuagint version include Codex Vaticanus (B; B; 4th century), Codex Alexandrinus (A; A; 5th century) and Codex Marchalianus (Q; Q; 6th century).[a]
Structure [ edit ]
This chapter consists of three sections which seem to build Amos's announcement of the day of YHWH (Amos 8:1-10), a day of judgement against Israel:
- Verses 1–4
- Verses 5–9,
- Verses 10–27
Each section announces Israel's doom and concludes with the recognition formula: "and ye (they) shall know that I am the LORD".
Verse 2 [ edit ]
Also, thou son of man, thus saith the Lord God unto the land of Israel;
- An end, the end is come upon the four corners of the land. 
The phrase "Son of man" (Hebrew: בן־אדם  The "land of Israel" refers to the Kingdom of Judah, as the ten tribes of northern Israel had already been carried captive. Theologian John Gill dates this prophecy to the sixth year of King Zedekiah (around 591 BC).- ) is used 93 times to address Ezekiel.
Verse 19 [ edit ]
- They shall cast their silver in the streets, and their gold shall be removed: their silver and their gold shall not be able to deliver them in the day of the wrath of the Lord: they shall not satisfy their souls, neither fill their bowels: because it is the stumblingblock of their iniquity. 
- "The stumbling block of their iniquity": from Hebrew: מִכְשֹׁ֥ול עֲוֹנָ֖ם, , is a unique phrase of the prophet Ezekiel (Ezekiel 14:3, 4, 7; 18:30; 44:12).
Verse 25 [ edit ]
- Destruction comes; they will seek peace, but there shall be none.
Verse 27 [ edit ]
The king will mourn,
The prince will be clothed with desolation,
- And the hands of the common people will tremble.
- The prince will be clothed with desolation,
I will do to them according to their way,
And according to what they deserve I will judge them;
- Then they shall know that I am the Lord! 
- And according to what they deserve I will judge them;
The king and the prince are the same person: Zedekiah. The reference to the king is missing in the Septuagint and, according to the Jerusalem Bible, this may be a later addition, as reference to the king is exceptional in Ezekiel.
- "I will do unto them after their way" (KJV): thus, Israel is "treated precisely as she deserves."
- "And they shall know that I am the Lord" (KJV): this becomes a recurring theme for Ezekiel, revealing that "the prophet identifies his words as a manifestation of the active presence of God."
See also [ edit ]
Notes [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
- Theodore Hiebert, et al. 1996. The New Interpreter's Bible: Volume VI. Nashville: Abingdon.
- Sub-heading to Ezekiel 7:1-27 in the New King James Version
- Timothy A. J. Jull; Douglas J. Donahue; Magen Broshi; Emanuel Tov (1995). "Radiocarbon Dating of Scrolls and Linen Fragments from the Judean Desert". Radiocarbon. 38 (1): 14. Retrieved 26 November 2014.
- Ulrich 2010, p. 587.
- Würthwein 1995, pp. 73-74.
- Shepherd, Michael (2018). A Commentary on the Book of the Twelve: The Minor Prophets. Kregel Exegetical Library. Kregel Academic. p. 13. ISBN 978-0825444593.
- Galambush 2007, p. 540.
- Galambush 2007, pp. 540–541.
- Ezekiel 7:2 KJV
- Bromiley 1995, p. 574.
- Gill, J., Gill's Exposition on Ezekiel 7, accessed 8 November 2019
- Ezekiel 7:19 KJV
- Hebrew Text Analysis: Ezekiel 7:19. Biblehub
- Note [c] on Ezekiel 7:19 in NET
- Ezekiel 7:25: NKJV
- Ezekiel 7:25: RSV
- Ezekiel 7:27: NKJV
- Jerusalem Bible (1966), footnote p at Ezekield 7:27
- Joyce, 2009 & 20.
- Clements 1996, p. 31.
Sources [ edit ]
- Bromiley, Geoffrey W. (1995). International Standard Bible Encyclopedia: vol. iv, Q-Z. Eerdmans.
- Clements, Ronald E (1996). Ezekiel. Westminster John Knox Press. ISBN 9780664252724.
- Galambush, J. (2007). "25. Ezekiel". In Barton, John; Muddiman, John (eds.). The Oxford Bible Commentary (first (paperback) ed.). Oxford University Press. pp. 533–562. ISBN 978-0199277186. Retrieved February 6, 2019.
- Joyce, Paul M. (2009). Ezekiel: A Commentary. Continuum. ISBN 9780567483614.
- Ulrich, Eugene, ed. (2010). The Biblical Qumran Scrolls: Transcriptions and Textual Variants. Brill.
- Würthwein, Ernst (1995). The Text of the Old Testament. Translated by Rhodes, Erroll F. Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans. ISBN 0-8028-0788-7. Retrieved January 26, 2019.