Wikipedia

Foreign relations of Montenegro

In a referendum on 21 May 2006, the people of Montenegro opted to leave the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro. This result was confirmed with a declaration of independence by the Montenegrin parliament on 3 June 2006. It simultaneously requested international recognition and outlined foreign policy goals.

As enumerated in the parliamentary declaration of 3 June 2006, Montenegro's near-term primary foreign policy objectives are integration into the European Union, membership in the United Nations, to which it was admitted on 28 June 2006[1] and in NATO (joined NATO as of 2017)[2]

Russia gave official recognition on 11 June 2006, and was the first permanent member of the United Nations Security Council to do so. The European Council of Ministers recognized Montenegrin independence on 12 June, as did the United States.[3] The United Kingdom extended recognition on 13 June. The last two permanent members of the United Nations Security Council, France and the People's Republic of China recognised the government of Montenegro on 14 June.

On 30 November 2006, the Government adopted the Memorandum of Agreement between Montenegro and the Republic of Serbia on Consular Protection and Services to the Citizens of Montenegro. By this agreement, Serbia, through its network of diplomatic and consular missions, provides consular services to the Montenegrin citizens on the territory of states in which Montenegro has no missions of its own. In October 2008, Montenegro recognized Kosovo.

Membership in international organizations [ edit ]

Organization Application date Admission date
  NATO Full Membership 04 Dec 2009 5 June 2017
NATO's Partnership for Peace [2] 30 August 2006 [3] 14 December 2006 [4]
International Criminal Court logo.svgInternational Criminal Court (ICCt) 23 October 2006 [5]
Council of Europe (CoE) [6] 6 June 2006 [7] 11 May 2007 [8]
Southeast European Cooperation Process (SECP) 11 May 2007 [9]
Black Sea Economic Co-operation (BSEC) not granted because of the Cyprus dispute [10]
Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council (EAPC) Green tick Y [11]
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) 1 March 2007 [12]
World Trade Organization (WTO) 10 December 2004 [13] 29 April 2012[14]
 United Nations (UN) [15] 5 June 2006 28 June 2006 [16][17]
Flag of WHO.svgWorld Health Organization (WHO) 29 August 2006 14 September 2006 [18]
International Telecommunications Union (ITU) 21 June 2006 [19][20]
Energy Community 1 January 2007 [21]
OSCE logo.svgOrganization for Security and

Co-operation in Europe
(OSCE) [22][23]
5 June 2006 [24] 22 June 2006 [25]
Flag of ILO.svgInternational Labour Organization (ILO) 18 July 2006 [26]
Flag of UPU.svgUniversal Postal Union (UPU) 26 July 2006 [27]
Central European Initiative (CEI) 2 August 2006 [28]
Stability Pact for Southeastern Europe 3 August 2006 [29] Green tick Y [30]
Flag of IAEA.svgInternational Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) 14 June 2006 [31] 18 September 2006 [32]
International Criminal Police Organization (Interpol) 27 July 2006 [33] 22 September 2006 [34]
Flag of the International Maritime Organization.svgInternational Maritime Organization (IMO) [35] 10 October 2006 [36]
Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) [37] 16 October 2006 [38]
Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) 23 October 2006 [39]
World Customs Organization (WCO) 24 October 2006 [40]
European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) 25 October 2006[41]
International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC) Yes check.svg [42]
United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) 22 November 2006 [43]
International Organization for Migration (IOM) 28 November 2006 [44]
World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) 4 December 2006 [45]
International Monetary Fund (IMF) 18 July 2006 [46] 18 January 2007 [47]
World Bank Group (IBRD, IDA, IFC, MIGA) 3 August 2006 [48] 18 January 2007 [49]
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) Yes check.svg [50] [51]
Flag of the World Meteorological Organization.svgWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) 25 May 2007 [52]
World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) 30 November 2007 [53]
borferInternational Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRCS) 21 September 2006 [54]
International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) 16 February 2015
International Hydrographic Organization (IHO) Yes check.svg
International Organization for Standardization (ISO) Yes check.svg
Logo of the Permanent Court of Arbitration, The Hague.pngPermanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) 3 June 2006 [55]
Southeast European Cooperative Initiative (SECI) June 2008 [56]
European Civil Aviation Conference June 2008 [57]
Eurocontrol logo 2010.svg EUROCONTROL 1 July 2007 [58]
FAO logo.svgFood and Agriculture Organization (FAO) 17 November 2007[59]
European Network of Transmission System Operators for Electricity (ENTSO-E) Yes check.svg [60]
Intergovernmental Organisation for International Carriage by Rail (OTIF) 1 July 2010 [61]
Council of Bureaux (CoBx) [62] 2012[63]
Union for the Mediterranean 13 July 2008
Full European Union Membership 15 December 2008
International Sports Organizations
International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) 27 July 2006 [64]
International Handball Federation (IHF) 7 August 2006 [65]
International Swimming Federation (FINA) 21 August 2006 [66]
International Tennis Federation (ITF) 24 August 2006 [67]
International Basketball Federation (FIBA) 27 August 2006 [68]
International Volleyball Federation (FIVB) 23 October 2006 [69]

Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) 30 June 2006 26 January 2007 [70]
World Taekwondo Federation (WTF) 17 May 2007 [71]
FIFA Logo (2010).svg International Football Federation (FIFA) 30 June 2006 31 May 2007 [72]
International Archery Federation (FITA) 5 July 2007 [73]
 International Olympic Committee (IOC) 6 July 2007 [74]
International Bowling Federation (FIQ) 30 August 2007 [75]
International Table Tennis Federation (ITTF) Yes check.svg
  • On June 28, 2006, Montenegro was added to the American Radio Relay League's DXCC List as the 336th entry based on membership in the UN. [76]
  • Montenegro acceded to the Geneva Conventions on August 2, 2006.[77]
  • 382 is Montenegro's telephone country code [78]
  • .me is an Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) that was assigned to Montenegro, following the decision on 26 September 2006 by the ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency to allocate ME as the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for Montenegro.

States that have explicitly recognized Montenegro and/or establishment of diplomatic relations [ edit ]

Diplomatic relations of Montenegro (as of January 2020)
# Country Recognition of Montenegro[4] Establishment of Diplomatic Relations[4] Status of Diplomatic Mission in Montenegro 4 [5] Status of

Diplomatic

Mission

in the country[6]
Notes
1   Iceland 8 June 2006 26 September 2006
2    Switzerland 9 June 2006 5 July 2006 Embassy
3   Guinea-Bissau 9 June 2006 29 June 2006
4   Russia 10 June 2006 26 June 2006 Embassy 3 Embassy See Montenegro–Russia relations
5   Bulgaria 1 12 June 2006 2 August 2006 Embassy3, 11 December 2006 See Bulgaria–Montenegro relations
6   Croatia 1 12 June 2006 7 July 2006 Embassy, 12 January 2007

Consulate (Kotor)3
Embassy, 10 May 2007
7   North Macedonia 12 June 2006 14 June 2006 Embassy, 31 July 2006 3 Embassy See Montenegro–North Macedonia relations
2   European Union 12 June 2006 [7] 2006 [8] [9] Delegation, 1 November 2007[10][11] Mission, 2006[8][12] Accession of Montenegro to the European Union
8   Estonia 1 12 June 2006 13 June 2006
9   Latvia 1 12 June 2006 19 June 2006
10   Austria 1 12 June 2006 12 July 2006 Embassy, 12 July 2006

Consulate (Budva) 3
Embassy See Austria–Montenegro relations
11   Turkey 12 June 2006 3 July 2006 Embassy Embassy See Montenegro–Turkey relations
12   Malta 1 12 June 2006 19 July 2006
13   Hungary 1 12 June 2006 14 June 2006 Embassy, 12 July 2006

Honorary Consulate (Herceg Novi)3
Embassy
14   Czech Republic 1 12 June 2006 15 June 2006 Consular Agency
15   United States 12 June 2006 7 August 2006 Embassy

5 October 20063
Embassy5 See Montenegro–United States relations
16   United Kingdom 13 June 2006 13 June 2006 Embassy3 Embassy See Montenegro–United Kingdom relations
17   Canada 13 June 2006 5 September 2006
18   Romania 1 13 June 2006 9 August 2006 Embassy3
19   Slovakia 1 13 June 2006 25 July 2006
20   Greece 1 13 June 2006 18 December 2006 Embassy3 Embassy See Greece–Montenegro relations
21   Luxembourg 1 13 June 2006 21 September 2006
22   France 1 13 June 2006 13 June 2006 Embassy3 Embassy
23   Israel 13 June 2006 12 July 2006
24   Singapore 14 June 2006 30 June 2006
25   Sweden 1 14 June 2006 26 June 2006
26   People's Republic of China 14 June 2006 6 July 2006 Embassy, 7 July 2006 Embassy
27   Italy 1 14 June 2006 14 June 2006 Embassy 3 Embassy
28   Armenia 14 June 2006 7 November 2006
29   Germany 1 14 June 2006 14 June 2006 Embassy, 22 June 20063 Embassy5 See Germany–Montenegro relations
30   Brazil 14 June 2006 20 October 2006
31   Denmark 1 15 June 2006 15 June 2006 Consulate (Podgorica)3 See Denmark–Montenegro relations
32   Serbia 15 June 2006 22 June 2006 Embassy Embassy See Montenegro–Serbia relations
33   Japan 16 June 2006 24 July 2006
34   Norway 16 June 2006 21 June 2006
35   Spain 1 16 June 2006 12 December 2006 See Montenegro–Spain relations
36   Cyprus 1 16 June 2006 12 March 2007 non-residential Embassy in Athens, Greece non-residential Embassy in Belgrade, Serbia
37   Netherlands 1 16 June 2006 8 September 2006
38   Andorra 16 June 2006 28 July 2006
39   Bahrain 18 June 2006 25 September 2009
40   Mexico 19 June 2006 5 June 2007
41   Portugal 1 19 June 2006 17 May 2007
42   Ukraine 19 June 2006 22 August 2006 See Montenegro–Ukraine relations
43   Democratic Republic of the Congo 19 June 2006 22 September 2010
  Holy See/Vatican City 19 June 2006 16 December 2006 Embassy
44   Algeria 20 June 2006 24 September 2007
45   Slovenia 1 20 June 2006 21 June 2006 Embassy, 23 June 2006 Embassy5 See Montenegro–Slovenia relations
46   Ireland 1 20 June 2006 20 June 2006
47   Tajikistan 20 June 2006 23 August 2006
48   Poland 1 20 June 2006 14 August 2006 Embassy, 10 December 2008 Embassy
49   Bosnia and Herzegovina 21 June 2006 14 September 2006 Embassy Embassy
50   South Korea 21 June 2006 4 September 2006
51   Liechtenstein 21 June 2006 26 March 2007
52   Moldova 21 June 2006 9 March 2007
53   Belarus 21 June 2006 8 August 2006
54   North Korea 21 June 2006 16 July 2007
55   Lithuania 1 22 June 2006 18 July 2006
56   Libya [13] 22 June 2006 9 February 2011 See Libya-Montenegro relations
57   Belgium 1 23 June 2006 25 July 2006 Embassy 5
58   Argentina 23 June 2006 13 September 2006
59   San Marino 26 June 2006 29 March 2007
60   Australia 27 June 2006 1 September 2006
61   Chile 27 June 2006 24 July 2006
62   Vietnam 28 June 2006 4 August 2006
63   Samoa 28 June 2006 28 January 2011
64   Finland 1 29 June 2006 12 July 2006
65   Cambodia 29 June 2006 12 October 2009
66   Morocco 30 June 2006 8 September 2009
67   Pakistan 30 June 2006 23 October 2006
6   Sovereign Military Order of Malta 30 June 2006 5 September 2006 Embassy
68   Peru 3 July 2006 12 September 2006
69   Cuba 5 July 2006 20 October 2006
70   South Africa 6 July 2006 11 October 2006
71   Iran 7 July 2006 28 July 2006
72   Albania 12 July 2006 1 August 2006 Embassy Embassy
73   Seychelles 13 July 2006 19 May 2010
74   New Zealand 17 July 2006 17 July 2006
75   Tunisia 20 July 2006 7 March 2007
76   Sudan 20 July 2006 31 October 2006
77   Indonesia [14] 24 July 2006 21 September 2011
78   Azerbaijan 24 July 2006 24 April 2008 See Azerbaijan–Montenegro relations
[79]   State of Palestine 24 July 2006 1 August 2006
79   Kazakhstan 25 July 2006 16 January 2007
80   Malaysia 25 July 2006 17 August 2006
81   Turkmenistan July 2006 26 November 2008[15]

or December 2008[16]
82   India 2 August 2006 2 August 2006
83   Laos 10 August 2006 4 February 2010
84   Afghanistan 10 August 2006 21 September 2010
85   Thailand 16 August 2006 6 June 2007
86   Brunei 19 August 2006 19 January 2010
87   Iraq [17] 23 August 2006 29 December 2010
88   Panama 25 August 2006 9 May 2008
89   Syria August 2006 30 October 2008
90   Suriname 1 September 2006 14 May 2010
91   Qatar 26 September 2006 16 November 2006
92   Guatemala 27 September 2006 27 September 2006
93   Egypt 27 September 2006 27 September 2006
94   Guinea 4 October 2006 17 November 2006
95   Oman 6 October 2006 11 April 2007
96   Myanmar 10 October 2006 27 November 2006
97   Mongolia 30 November 2006 30 November 2006
98   Uzbekistan 19 December 2006 19 December 2006
99   Bangladesh 2 March 2007 2 March 2007
100   Costa Rica 24 May 2007 24 May 2007
101   Paraguay 5 June 2007 5 June 2007
102   Namibia 6 September 2007 16 November 2009
103   Monaco 17 October 2007 17 October 2007
104   Georgia 29 October 2007 29 October 2007
105   Eritrea 18 March 2008 18 March 2008
106   United Arab Emirates 4 April 2008 4 April 2008 Embassy Embassy
107   Uruguay 1 December 2008 25 February 2009
108   Lebanon 4 December 2008 4 December 2008
109   Dominican Republic 10 March 2009 10 March 2009
110   Kyrgyzstan 24 June 2009 24 June 2009
111   Togo 10 September 2009 21 December 2012 [18]
112   Ecuador 26 September 2009 26 September 2009
113   Philippines 26 September 2009 26 September 2009
114   Nicaragua 26 September 2009 26 September 2009
115   Colombia [19] 30 September 2009 12 August 2011
116   Maldives 11 October 2009 26 November 2009
117   Mozambique 17 November 2009 27 May 2010
118   Angola 21 December 2009 21 December 2009
119   Mauritania 21 December 2009 21 December 2009
7   Kosovo 15 January 2010 15 January 2010 Embassy[20] See Kosovo–Montenegro relations
120   Jordan 19 May 2010 19 May 2010
121   Fiji 15 June 2010 15 June 2010
122   Zambia 29 June 2010 29 June 2010
123   Honduras 8 July 2010 8 July 2010
124   Botswana 16 July 2010 16 July 2010
125   Kuwait 27 July 2010 27 July 2010
126   Senegal 22 September 2010 22 September 2010
127   Saint Lucia 25 September 2010 25 September 2010
128   Timor-Leste 25 September 2010 25 September 2010
129   Bolivia 18 October 2010 18 October 2010
130   Saint Vincent and the Grenadines [21] 8 November 2010 8 November 2010
131   Jamaica 12 November 2010 12 November 2010
132   Zimbabwe 22 November 2010 22 November 2010
133   Cape Verde [22] 17 December 2010 17 December 2010
134   Solomon Islands [16] 23 December 2010 23 December 2010
135   Nauru [23] 25 January 2011 25 January 2011
136   Republic of the Congo 1 February 2011 1 February 2011
137   Comoros 9 February 2011 9 February 2011
138   Dominica 25 February 2011 25 February 2011
139   Sri Lanka [16] [24] 4 April 2011 4 April 2011
140   Antigua and Barbuda [16] [25] 11 April 2011 11 April 2011
141   Trinidad and Tobago [16] [26] 15 April 2011 15 April 2011
142   Tuvalu 4 May 2011 4 May 2011
143   Ethiopia [16] [27] 10 June 2011 10 June 2011
144   Uganda 14 July 2011 14 July 2011
145 Flag of Nepal.svg Nepal 18 July 2011 18 July 2011
146   Benin 15 September 2011 15 September 2011
147   Saudi Arabia 16 September 2011 16 September 2011
148   Malawi 16 September 2011 16 September 2011
149   Guyana 19 September 2011 19 September 2011
150   Kenya [16] [28] 6 October 2011 6 October 2011
151   Djibouti [16] [29] 6 October 2011 6 October 2011
152   South Sudan 21 November 2011 21 November 2011
153   Burkina Faso 20 December 2011 20 December 2011
154   Mali 10 April 2012 10 April 2012
155   Gambia [16] [30] 16 August 2012 16 August 2012
156   Burundi [16] 17 August 2012 17 August 2012
157   Ghana [31] 20 September 2012 20 September 2012
158   Mauritius [32] 26 September 2012 26 September 2012
159   Haiti [33] 17 October 2012 17 October 2012
160   Saint Kitts and Nevis [34] 19 October 2012 19 October 2012
161   Gabon [35] 12 November 2012 12 November 2012
162   Eswatini [16] [36] 28 February 2013 28 February 2013
163   Rwanda [37] 12 April 2013 12 April 2013
164   Federated States of Micronesia [38] 10 September 2013 10 September 2013
165   Lesotho [39] 23 September 2013 23 September 2013
166   Palau [40] 25 September 2013 25 September 2013
167   Vanuatu [41] 26 September 2013 26 September 2013
168   El Salvador [42] 27 September 2013 27 September 2013
169   Yemen [42] 28 September 2013 28 September 2013
170   Kiribati [43] 17 January 2014 17 January 2014
171   Grenada [44] 17 March 2014 17 March 2014
172   Liberia [45] 7 April 2014 7 April 2014
173   Venezuela [46] 4 September 2014 4 September 2014
174   Niger [47] 15 September 2014 15 September 2014
175   Sierra Leone [48] 8 October 2014 8 October 2014
176   Ivory Coast [49] 29 October 2014 29 October 2014
177   Chad [50] 20 March 2015 20 March 2015
178   Central African Republic [51] 2 April 2015 2 April 2015
179   Bahamas [52] 6 September 2017 6 September 2017
180   Barbados [53] 19 February 2020 20 February 2020

Notes:

^Note 1 : EU member state.

^Note 2 : Despite the official recognition by European Union's foreign ministers, every member state had to recognise Montenegro individually, as well.

^Note 3 : Formerly Embassy Branch Office of a Belgrade resident embassy, Consulate-General, Consulate or honorary missions without diplomatic status established during the former Union State of Serbia and Montenegro). Current mission formally accredited to Montenegro. Pre-independence Consulate-General of Italy in Bar and of India in Podgorica are now closed.

^Note 4 : Situated in Podgorica unless otherwise noted. Established after gaining independence unless otherwise noted.

^Note 5 : Formerly a trade or cooperation office or mission (sometimes without diplomatic accreditation) established during the former Union State of Serbia and Montenegro). Current mission formally accredited to the host state.

^Note 6 : Not a sovereign state, but a sovereign non-state entity.

^Note 7 : A state with limited recognition.

Montenegro is recognized by 180 UN member states, the Holy See, Kosovo, Palestine and the Order of Malta. It has diplomatic relations with all of them.

Montenegro has not been explicitly recognized by and has no diplomatic relations with the following 12 UN member states:

Montenegro-Canada relations [ edit ]

Canadian Foreign Minister Peter MacKay wrote to Foreign Minister Miodrag Vlahović extending diplomatic recognition and agreeing to hold discussions on the establishment of diplomatic relations, which occurred later in 2007.[54]

The Canadian Embassy in Belgrade is accredited to Montenegro.[54] There is currently no resident Montenegrin mission in Ottawa, so its ambassador in Washington, DC is accredited to Canada. However Montenegro has Honorary Consuls in Toronto and Vancouver.

Montenegro-China relations [ edit ]

Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between P.R.China and the Republic of Montenegro was on 14 June 2006.

China transformed its consulate into an embassy in Podgorica on July 7, 2006. The Montenegrin embassy in China opened in Beijing on November 13, 2007.

In 2015, total trade between the two countries amounted to 160,385,964 euros. [55]

Montenegro-United States of America relations [ edit ]

The United States recognized the Republic of Montenegro on June 12, 2006, being among the first states to do so. Diplomatic relations between the two countries were established on August 15, and have since rapidly developed. On August 28, six U.S. Senators, John McCain (R-AZ), Saxby Chambliss (R-GA), Mel Martinez (R-FL), Lindsey Graham (R-SC), Richard Burr (R-NC) and John E. Sununu (R-NH), made an official visit to Montenegro. Their activities included a meeting with President Vujanović and with the speaker of the Montenegrin parliament.[56]

Soon after the congressional visit, Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld paid an official visit to Montenegro, seeking support for the War on Terror and overall American geopolitical goals in Europe.[57] Following the Secretary's meeting with Montenegrin Prime Minister Milo Đukanović, it was announced that Montenegro had agreed in principle to aid the US efforts in Iraq and Afghanistan, although no specific pledges of aid were made.[58] For his part, Secretary Rumsfeld stated that the United States supported Montenegro's desire to join NATO and would also assist in its acquiring membership in the Partnership for Peace programme.

Bilateral relations turned a new page on October 5 when the United States opened an embassy in Podgorica at a ceremony attended by Deputy Assistant Secretary of State Rosemary DiCarlo, Montenegrin Foreign Minister Miodrag Vlahović, Mayor Miomir Mugoša and US Charge d'affaires Arlene Ferrill. Roderick W. Moore, the first-ever Ambassador of the United States of America to the Republic of Montenegro, presented his credentials to Montenegrin President Vujanović on September 19, 2007.

Montenegro currently maintains an embassy in Washington, D.C. and a consulate in New York City.

See also [ edit ]

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ https://news.yahoo.com/s/nm/20060628/wl_nm/montenegro_un_dc_2 [permanent dead link]
  2. ^ https://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20060604/ap_on_re_eu/montenegro_independence_4 [permanent dead link]
  3. ^ JTW News - Kacin: EU will recognize Montenegro on June 12Archived 2007-09-29 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ a b "Dates of Recognition and Establishment of Diplomatic Relations". Montenegro Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration. Archived from the original on 2010-04-17. Retrieved 2012-02-24.
  5. ^ Diplomatic Missions to MontenegroArchived 2012-02-21 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "Embassies and consulates of Montenegro". Archived from the original on 2012-02-21. Retrieved 2012-02-26.
  7. ^ European Council decision
  8. ^ a b Delegation of the European Union to Montenegro: "Diplomatic relations between Montenegro and the European Communities are conducted through the Montenegrin Mission to the EU in Brussels, which has been fully functional since 2006, and the EU Delegation to Montenegro in Podgorica, which has been open since November 2007."
  9. ^ Order of Precedence of Heads of MissionArchived 2012-08-05 at Archive.today
  10. ^ Montenegro - EU Montenegro relations: "The European Commission Delegation in Podgorica starts to function."
  11. ^ "Delegation of the European Commission in Podgorica". Archived from the original on 2011-02-04. Retrieved 2011-02-01.
  12. ^ "Permanent Mission of Montenegro to the European Union". Archived from the original on 2010-08-04. Retrieved 2011-02-01.
  13. ^ Establishment of diplomatic relations between Montenegro and Libya Archived 2012-08-05 at Archive.today
  14. ^ Saopštenje (Establishment of diplomatic relations between Montenegro and Indonesia)Archived 2012-03-20 at the Wayback Machine
  15. ^ "States with which Turkmenistan established diplomatic relations". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkmenistan. Archived from the original on 2013-10-21. Retrieved 2014-01-25.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Tabela priznanja i uspostavljanja diplomatskih odnosa" (in Montenegrin). Montenegro Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration. Archived from the original on 2014-04-13. Retrieved 2012-02-25.
  17. ^ Establishiment of diplomatic relations between Montenegro and IraqArchived 2012-08-05 at Archive.today
  18. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-02-19. Retrieved 2013-02-19. CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  19. ^ establece relaciones diplomáticas con Montenegro in Spanish only)Archived March 24, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  20. ^ "Montenegro opens embassy in Kosovo". Kosovo MFA. 30 July 2013. Retrieved 19 December 2013.
  21. ^ Press release: Establishment of diplomatic relations between Montenegro and Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesArchived 2012-08-05 at Archive.today
  22. ^ Establishment of diplomatic relations between Montenegro and Cape VerdeArchived 2012-08-04 at Archive.today
  23. ^ Establishment of diplomatic relations between Montenegro and the Republic of NauruArchived 2012-08-05 at Archive.today
  24. ^ "Establishment of diplomatic relations between Montenegro and Sri Lanka". Montenegro Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration. 2011-04-05. Archived from the original on 2012-08-05. Retrieved 2012-02-24.
  25. ^ "Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between Montenegro and Antigua and Barbuda". Montenegro Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration. 2011-04-11. Archived from the original on 2012-08-05. Retrieved 2012-02-24.
  26. ^ "Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between Montenegro and Trinidad and Tobago". Montenegro Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration. 2011-04-17. Retrieved 2012-02-24. [permanent dead link]
  27. ^ "Press release". Montenegro Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration. 2011-11-06. Archived from the original on 2012-08-05. Retrieved 2012-02-24.
  28. ^ "Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between Montenegro and the Republic of Kenya". Montenegro Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration. 2011-10-06. Archived from the original on 2012-08-05. Retrieved 2012-02-24.
  29. ^ "Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between Montenegro and the Republic of Djibouti". Montenegro Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration. 2011-10-06. Archived from the original on 2012-08-05. Retrieved 2012-02-24.
  30. ^ "Press release Friday, 17 August 2012". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Montenegro. Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Montenegro. Archived from the original on 20 December 2012. Retrieved 19 August 2012.
  31. ^ "Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between Montenegro and Ghana". Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration of Montenegro. 20 September 2012. Archived from the original on 20 December 2012.
  32. ^ "Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between Montenegro and Mauritius". Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration of Montenegro. 27 September 2012. Archived from the original on 19 December 2012.
  33. ^ "Uspostavljeni diplomatski odnosi između Crne Gore i Republike Haiti". Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration of Montenegro. 17 October 2012. Archived from the original on 13 September 2013. Retrieved 12 September 2013.
  34. ^ "Uspostavljeni diplomatski odnosi između Crne Gore i Saint Kitts i Nevis". Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration of Montenegro. 2012-10-19. Archived from the original on 2013-09-13. Retrieved 2012-10-24.
  35. ^ "Uspostavljeni diplomatski odnosi između Crne Gore i Republike Gabon" (in Montenegrin). Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration of Montenegro. 2012-11-11. Archived from the original on 2013-09-12. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
  36. ^ "Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between Montenegro and the Kingdom of Swaziland". Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration of Montenegro. 28 February 2013. Archived from the original on 12 September 2013. Retrieved 12 September 2013.
  37. ^ "Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between Montenegro and the Republik of Rwanda" (in Montenegrin). Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration of Montenegro. 2013-04-15. Archived from the original on 2013-09-12. Retrieved 2013-04-15.
  38. ^ "Potpisan protokol o uspostavljanju diplomatskih odnosa između Crne Gore i Federalnih Država Mikronezije" (in Montenegrin). Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration of Montenegro. 2013-09-11. Archived from the original on 2013-09-12. Retrieved 2013-09-12.
  39. ^ "Montenegro's head diplomat also met with his counterpart from Lesotho, Mohlabi Kenneth Tsekoa, when the two officials signed a protocol on the establishment of diplomatic relations". Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration of Montenegro. 2013-09-24. Archived from the original on 2014-04-08. Retrieved 2013-09-24.
  40. ^ "Diplomatic Relations between Montenegro and Palau as of 25 Sept. 2013". Retrieved 17 August 2018.
  41. ^ "Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between Montenegro and the Republik of Vanuatu" (in Montenegrin). Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration of Montenegro. 2013-09-26. Archived from the original on 2013-09-26. Retrieved 2013-09-26.
  42. ^ a b "Ministar Lukšić imao je i odvojene susrete sa ministrima vanjskih poslova Salvadora sa kojima je potpisao protokole o uspostavljanju diplomatskih odnosa" (in Montenegrin). Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration of Montenegro. 2013-09-28. Archived from the original on 2014-02-02. Retrieved 2013-09-28.
  43. ^ "Establishment of diplomatic relations between Montenegro and the Republic of Kiribati". Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration of Montenegro. 2014-01-17. Archived from the original on 2014-01-20. Retrieved 2014-01-18.
  44. ^ "Establishment of diplomatic relations between Montenegro and Grenada". Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration of Montenegro. 2014-03-18. Archived from the original on 2014-03-19. Retrieved 2014-03-18.
  45. ^ "Protocol on the establishment of diplomatic relations between Montenegro and the Republic of Liberia". Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration of Montenegro. 2014-04-07. Archived from the original on 2014-04-07. Retrieved 2014-04-07.
  46. ^ "Montenegro and the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela establish diplomatic relations". Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration of Montenegro. 2014-09-04. Archived from the original on 2014-09-05. Retrieved 2014-09-04.
  47. ^ "Establishment of diplomatic relations between Montenegro and the Republic of Niger". Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration of Montenegro. 2014-09-15. Archived from the original on 2014-09-16. Retrieved 2014-09-15.
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