Location of Fuzhou within Jiangxi
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Mayor||Zhang Heping|
|• Secretary||Gong Jianhua|
|• Land||18,800 km2 (7,300 sq mi)|
|Elevation||45 m (147 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
|ISO 3166 code||CN-JX-10|
|Licence plate prefixes||赣F|
|Website||http://www.jxfz.gov.cn/ [permanent dead link]|
Fuzhou (simplified Chinese: 抚州; traditional Chinese: 撫州; pinyin: Fǔzhōu,[fùʈʂóu] ), also known as Gandong (Chinese: 赣东; literally: 'East of Jiangxi'), is a prefecture-level city in the northeastern part of Jiangxi province, People's Republic of China.
Fuzhou is located to the south of the provincial capital Nanchang, bordered in the east by Fujian Province. Its total area is 18,800 km2 (7,300 sq mi). The population is 3,900,000. The area is located northwest of the Wuyi Mountains, and is drained by the Fu River (Fuhe), which flows northwest to the Poyang Lake (in the neighboring Nanchang Prefecture).
History [ edit ]
In 204 BC, the territory was added to the Huainan Kingdom. Two years later, Yuzhang Commandery was dissociated from Huainan. Names of the counties Nancheng and Linru, both of which then part of Yuzhang, first appeared in this period.
In 257 AD, counties Linru and Nancheng were added to a new commandery, Linchuan. Thereafter they were divided to 10 counties including Linru, Nancheng, Xiping, Xinjian, Xicheng, Yihuang, Anpu, Nanfeng, Yongcheng, Dongxing, with the administration center in Linru County. In 522 AD, another new commandery, Bashan, was divided from Linchuan, administering 7 counties Xinjian, Xining, Bashan, Dafeng, Xin’an, Xingping, Fengcheng. Linchuan and Bashan belonged to Gao State in 557 AD. The two commanderies were replaced by Fu Prefecture (Fuzhou) in 589 AD.
Tang Dynasty and later [ edit ]
In 811 AD, Fuzhou was renamed as Shangzhou. In 975 AD, it was renamed as Junzhou. In 1149 AD, Le’an County was established in the prefecture, which administered counties Linchuan, Chongren, Yihuang, Jinxi and Le’an at that time. On June 23, 2000, Fuzhou City was officially established as a prefecture-level city in China.
Economy [ edit ]
The main industries in the area are food, textiles, food processing and light-modeled cars.
Administration [ edit ]
Districts (区, qu):
- Linchuan District (临川区), the seat of the municipal government, CPC and Public Security bureaux and Intermediate People's Court.
- Dongxiang District (东乡区)
Counties (县, xian):
- Nancheng County (南城县)
- Nanfeng County (南丰县)
- Lichuan County (黎川县)
- Chongren County (崇仁县)
- Le'an County (乐安县)
- Yihuang County (宜黄县)
- Jinxi County (金溪县)
- Zixi County (资溪县)
- Guangchang County (广昌县)
Transportation [ edit ]
- Nanchang-Fuzhou Express railway (major service in Linchuan district; additional service in Nancheng County and Nanfeng County)
- Yingtan-Xiamen Railway (limited service, available in Zixi County only)
- Hangzhou–Changsha High-Speed Railway: Fuzhou East Railway Station in Dongxiang District
Recent history [ edit ]
- On 23 May 2010, a train traveling from Shanghai to Guilin derailed here due to landslides damaging the track.
- On 26 May 2011, three explosions struck government buildings. Two people were killed and at least six injured in the blasts. The cause of the blasts is being investigated.
Famous people [ edit ]
Fuzhou is historically important as the home (specifically Linchuan) of Wang Anshi, the famous reformist prime minister of Song Dynasty, Zeng Gong, an influential scholar and historian of the Song Dynasty, and Tang Xianzu, the great Ming Dynasty dramatist.
[ edit ]
- (Chinese) Official Website
References [ edit ]
- Jiang, Steven (26 May 2011). "2 dead after bomb blasts in eastern Chinese city". CNN. Retrieved 2011-05-26.