Wikipedia

Gaston Doumergue

Gaston Doumergue
Gaston Doumergue 1924.jpg
Doumergue in 1924, as the Grand Master of the Legion of Honour
President of France
In office

13 June 1924 – 13 June 1931
Prime Minister
Preceded by Alexandre Millerand
Succeeded by Paul Doumer
Prime Minister of France
In office

9 February 1934 – 8 November 1934
President Albert François Lebrun
Preceded by Édouard Daladier
Succeeded by Pierre-Étienne Flandin
In office

9 December 1913 – 9 June 1914
President Raymond Poincaré
Preceded by Louis Barthou
Succeeded by Alexandre Ribot
Personal details
Born
Pierre-Paul-Henri-Gaston Doumergue


1 August 1863

Aigues-Vives, France
Died 18 June 1937 (aged 73)

Aigues-Vives, France
Political party Radical Party
Alma mater University of Paris
Doumergue, taken c. 1910–1915

Pierre-Paul-Henri-Gaston Doumergue (French pronunciation: ​[ɡastɔ̃ dumɛʁɡ]; 1 August 1863 in Aigues-Vives, Gard – 18 June 1937 in Aigues-Vives) was a French politician of the Third Republic.

Doumergue came from a Protestant family and was a freemason.[2][3][4] Beginning as a Radical, he turned more towards the political right in his old age. He served as President of the Council (prime minister) from 9 December 1913 to 2 June 1914. He held the portfolio for the colonies through the ministries of Viviani and Briand until the Ribot ministry of March, 1917, when he was sent to Russia to persuade the Kerensky government not to make a separate peace with Germany and Austria. He was elected the thirteenth President of France on 13 June 1924, the only Protestant to hold that office. He served until 13 June 1931, and again was Prime Minister in a conservative national unity government, following the riots of 6 February 1934. This government lasted from 6 February to 8 November 1934.

He was widely regarded as one of the most popular French Presidents, particularly after highly controversial Alexandre Millerand, who was his predecessor. Doumergue was single when elected, and became the first President of France to marry in office.[5]

According to "Rail Tales of the Unexpected" (Kenneth Westcott Jones, David St John Thomas, Nairn, 1992), Doumerge was involved in an unusual railway incident in the autumn of 1926. Travelling to Germany on the Orient Express around 1 am he accidentally opened an external door and fell from the train. His disappearance was not noticed until the train was approaching Augsburg. Eventually his whereabouts was ascertained and he was brought by car to rejoin his party. After falling out he first made contact with a signalman along the track. The signalman was reportedly unimpressed by the dishevelled elderly gentleman in night attire claiming to be the President of France. The signalman is reported to have responded with "And I'm the Emperor Napoleon!". Doumerge suffered only minor cuts and bruises.

Doumergue's First Ministry, 9 December 1913 – 9 June 1914 [ edit ]

Changes

Doumergue's Second Ministry, 9 February – 8 November 1934 [ edit ]

Changes

  • 13 October 1934 – Pierre Laval succeeds Barthou (assassinated 9 October) as Minister of Foreign Affairs. Paul Marchandeau succeeds Sarraut as Minister of the Interior. Louis Rollin succeeds Laval as Minister of Colonies.
  • 15 October 1934 – Henri Lémery succeeds Chéron as Minister of Justice.

See also [ edit ]

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ Gildea, Robert (1996). The Past in French History. Yale University Press. pp. 258–259. ISBN 978-0-300-06711-8. Retrieved 9 June 2013.
  2. ^ Dictionnaire universelle de la Franc-Maçonnerie (Marc de Jode, Monique Cara and Jean-Marc Cara, ed. Larousse , 2011)
  3. ^ Dictionnaire de la Franc-Maçonnerie (Daniel Ligou, Presses Universitaires de France, 2006)
  4. ^ Ce que la France doit aux francs-maçons (Laurent KUPFERMAN,Emmanuel PIERRA, ed. Grund, 2012)
  5. ^ Sciolino, Elaine (3 February 2008). "French Leader and Ex-Model Wed in Quiet Ceremony". New York Times. Retrieved 10 August 2008.

External links [ edit ]

Media related to Gaston Doumergue at Wikimedia Commons

Political offices
Preceded by

Albert Decrais
Minister of Colonies

1902–1905
Succeeded by

Étienne Clémentel
Preceded by

Minister of Labour

1906
Succeeded by

René Viviani
Preceded by

Georges Trouillot
Minister of Commerce and Industry

1906–1908
Succeeded by

Jean Cruppi
Preceded by

Aristide Briand
Minister of Public Instruction and Fine Arts

1908–1910
Succeeded by

Maurice Faure
Preceded by

Louis Barthou
Prime Minister of France

1913–1914
Succeeded by

Alexandre Ribot
Preceded by

Stéphen Pichon
Minister of Foreign Affairs

1913–1914
Succeeded by

Léon Bourgeois
Preceded by

René Viviani
Minister of Foreign Affairs

1914
Succeeded by

Théophile Delcassé
Preceded by

Maurice Raynaud
Minister of Colonies

1914–1917
Succeeded by

André Maginot
Preceded by

Léon Bourgeois
President of the Senate

1923–1924
Succeeded by

Justin de Selves
Preceded by

Alexandre Millerand
President of France

1924–1931
Succeeded by

Paul Doumer
Preceded by

Édouard Daladier
Prime Minister of France

1934
Succeeded by

Pierre Étienne Flandin
Regnal titles
Preceded by

Alexandre Millerand and Justí Guitart i Vilardebó
Co-Prince of Andorra

1924–1931

with Justí Guitart i Vilardebó
Succeeded by

Paul Doumer and Justí Guitart i Vilardebó
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