Geevarghese Gregorios of Parumala
Saint Gregorios of Parumala (Geevargese Mor Gregorios)
Geevarghese Gregorios of Parumala (portrait by Raja Ravi Varma)
15 June 1848
Mulanthuruthy, Kerala, India
|Died||2 November 1902 (aged 54)
Parumala, Kerala, India
|Venerated in||Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church; Syriac Orthodox Church|
|Canonized||on 2 November 1947 by Baselios Geevarghese II of Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church and on 20 December 1987 by Ignatius Zakka I Iwas of Syriac Orthodox Church|
|Major shrine||St. Peter's & St. Paul's Orthodox Church, Parumala|
- Not to be confused with Geevarghese Gregorios (Perumpally Thirumeni) (1933–1999), a bishop of the Syriac Orthodox Church, President of the Episcopal Synod of the Church in India, President of the Synod of the Jacobite Syrian Church and Metropolitan
Saint Geevargese Mor Gregorios, popularly known as Parumala Thirumeni (Bishop of Parumala), (15 June 1848 – 2 November 1902) was a bishop of Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church. He became a deacon at the age of 10, a priest at the age of 18, and a bishop when aged 28. He died at the age of 54 and was buried at St. Peter and St. Paul's Orthodox Church, Parumala, in Kerala, India. In 1947, he was declared a saint by the Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church, making him the first canonised Christian saint from India. In 1987, the Syriac Orthodox Church also recognised him as a saint.
Life [ edit ]
Gregorios was born as Kochu Ipeora Gheevarghese in the priestly family of 'Pallathattu Thanagattu in the village of Mulanthuruthy near Cochin, India on 15 June 1848. His parents were Mathai Gheevarghese and Mariam Gheevarghese. Geevarghese's mother died when he was a small boy and since then he was under the loving care of his elder sister Mariam.
At a very young age itself Geevarghese had shown keen interest in spiritual matters. His devotion, humility and above all his ability to sing the traditional Syriac hymns beautifully and perfectly, came to the notice of his uncle Malpan Geevarghese Kassiso. The uncle wanted his nephew to be raised to priest-hood and the family members who knew Geevarghese's character too agreed to the Malpan's request.
At the age of 9, on the 'Sleeba Perunnal' day (Feast of the Cross) of the year 1857 (Kanni 14, M.E.1033 / September 26, 1857), the then Malankara Metropolitan Palakunnath Mathews Mor Athanasius ordained the young Geevarghese, a 'Kooroyo' (sub-deacon), at St. George Church, Karingachira.
Gregorios was taught by his uncle Kassisso Geevarghese Malpan and was ordained as a deacon on 14 September 1858 at the age of ten. He continued his training with Malpan until the latter died from smallpox. Gregorios was also infected with smallpox but survived. He was ordained as a priest in 1865 and as a Ramban (monk-priest) by Malankara Metropolitan Joseph Mor Dionysios in 1872.
On 10 December 1876, the Patriarch of Antioch, Ignatius Peter IV, promoted the 28-year old Gregorios to be a bishop, at which point his official name became Geevarghese Mor Gregorios. His youth caused him to be referred to as Kochu Thirumeni (Young Bishop).
In his bishopric, which was the Niranam Diocese, Gregorios established various churches and was the motivator to establish schools in different parts of Malankara. In the late 1890s, many educational institutions were started by the Malankara Church under the initiative and guidance of him and Joseph Mor Dionysius. Examples of these include St.Thomas School at Mulanthuruthy, St. Ignatius School at Kunnamkulam, and the Syrian English School (now known as MGM High School) at Thiruvalla.
Following the death of fellow Metropolitans (bishops), the administration of Thumpamon and Kollam dioceses also passed to him. In 1887 the first block of the Parumala Seminary was consecrated.
By 1895, Gregorios had made Parumala his main spiritual centre. The church that he founded there in that year was consecrated in the names of St. Peter and St. Paul. He would wake at 4 am for prayer and he fasted on Wednesday and Fridays, as well as during Lent.
Geevarghese visited Jerusalem in 1895. He visited almost all the important places of Christendom and led the Passion Week services at Syrian Church in the Holy City. On his return, he collected a certain amount from all the Parishes in Malankara and sent a Silver Cross as offering to the Holy church in Jerusalem.
Gregorios already had stomach ulcer and it became chronic in 1902. Treatments proved futile and he died on 2 November 1902. The funeral was conducted at Saint Peter's and Saint Paul's Orthodox Church, Parumala on 3 November 1902.
Canonization [ edit ]
In 1947, he was declared a saint by the then Catholicos of the East and Malankara Metropolitan, Baselios Geevarghese II. Later, in 1987, he was declared a saint by the then Patriarch of Antioch, Ignatius Zakka I Iwas.
References [ edit ]
- General, India Office of the Registrar (1965). Census of India, 1961: Kerala. Manager of Publications.
- "St. Peters and St. Paul's Orthodox Church". www.webindia123.com. Retrieved 1 January 2018.
- "The Hindu : Parumala church consecration ceremony to begin tomorrow". www.thehindu.com.
- Kerala with Lakshadweep. Outlook Publishing. 2005.
- "Geevarghese Mar Gregorios of Parumala", The Order of Mar Gregorios
- "Patriarchal Encyclical: Permitting additions to Diptychs in Malankara - Oct 20, 1987". sor.cua.edu.
- Singh, Kumar Suresh; India, Anthropological Survey of (2002). People of India. Anthropological Survey of India. ISBN 9788185938998.
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