Greek Catholic Church of Croatia and Serbia

Greek Catholic Church of Croatia
Croatian: Grkokatolička crkva u Hrvatskoj i Srbiji

Serbian: Гркокатоличка црква у Хрватској и Србији
Coat of arms of Đura Džudžar.svg
Coat of arms of the clergy Đura Džudžar, Bishop of the Eparchy of San Nicola di Ruski Krstur (Križevci)
Classification Eastern Catholic
Orientation Byzantine Rite
Polity Episcopal
Pope Francis
Bishops Milan Stipić, Đura Džudžar

The Greek Catholic Church of Croatia and Serbia is a particular (sui iuris) Eastern Catholic Church of the Byzantine Rite which is in full union with the Catholic Church. It consists of the Eparchy of Križevci,[1] covering Croatia, Slovenia, and Bosnia-Herzegovina, and the Eparchy of Ruski Krstur,[2] covering Serbia. The Eparchy of Križevci was headed by Bishop Nikola Kekić until his retirement in March 2019, and since then the eparchy is governed by apostolic administrator Milan Stipić.[3] The Eparchy of Ruski Krstur is headed by Bishop Đura Džudžar since his appointment in 2003 (until 2018 as Apostolic Exarch).[4]

Although two eparchies are canonicaly linked, the Church has no unified structure, nor an ecclesiastical province of its own, since the Eparchy of Križevci is suffragan to the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Zagreb, and the Eparchy of Ruski Krstur is directly subjected to the Holy See.

History [ edit ]

Cathedral of the Holy Trinity in Križevci, Croatia
Cathedral of St. Nicholas in Ruski Krstur, Serbia
Byzantine Catholic Church of St. Cyril and Methodius in Metlika, Slovenia

Until 2001, the Greek Catholic Eparchy of Križevci had full jurisdiction over all Eastern Catholics of the Byzantine Rite throughout the entire territory of former Yugoslavia, including all of its successor states: Croatia, Slovenia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro and Macedonia. During that time, it mostly gathered its faithful among the Croats in central and eastern Croatia, among the Rusyns or Ukrainians in eastern Croatia, northern Bosnia and northern Serbia and among Macedonians in Macedonia.

After the formation of independent successor states from what had been Yugoslavia, the process of administrative reorganization was initiated. In 2001, a separate Byzantine Catholic Apostolic Exarchate of Macedonia was formed for Greek Catholics in Macedonia. It was fully separated from the Eparchy of Križevci and proclaimed as directly subject only to the Holy See.[5]

In 2003, a new Apostolic Exarchate was created for Greek Catholics in Serbia and Montenegro, the Apostolic Exarchate of Serbia and Montenegro.[6] Its first exarch Đura Džudžar (Ђура Џуџар) was appointed in 2003, with residence in Ruski Krstur. This exarchate remained in association with the Eparchy of Križevci.

After those changes, the jurisdiction of the Eparchy of Križevci was confined to Croatia, Slovenia, and Bosnia-Herzegovina.

In 2013, all Catholics of Byzantine Rite in Montenegro were entrusted to the local Latin Bishops, so the jurisdiction of Apostolic Exarchate of Serbia and Montenegro was reduced to Serbia only.[7] The Apostolic Exarchate of Serbia was elevated to the Eparchy of Ruski Krstur in December 2018.[8]

Liturgy and Extension [ edit ]

The liturgy is the Slavonic form of Byzantine Rite, using the Old Church Slavonic language and the Cyrillic alphabet.

The Eparchy of Križevci reported for the year 2010 a total of 21,509 faithful (in Croatia, Slovenia, and Bosnia-Herzegovina). At that time, the Apostolic Exarchate for Serbia and Montenegro reported 22,369 faithful.[9]

See also [ edit ]

References [ edit ]

External links [ edit ]

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