Coordinates: 31°47′20″N121°25′35″E / 31.78889°N 121.42639°E / 31.78889; 121.42639Coordinates: 31°47′20″N121°25′35″E / 31.78889°N 121.42639°E / 31.78889; 121.42639
Country People's Republic of China
Province Jiangsu
Prefecture Nantong
County Haimen
 • Total 12.5 km2 (4.8 sq mi)
 • Total 5,004
 • Density 400/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard Time)
Traditional Chinese 海永
Simplified Chinese 海永
Literal meaning Sea Yong[longsha] Township
Yonglongsha Farm
Traditional Chinese 永隆沙 良種場
Simplified Chinese 永隆沙 良种场
Literal meaning Yonglongsha Improved Variety Fields
Shanghai in Jiangsu
Traditional Chinese 江蘇 上海
Simplified Chinese 江苏 上海
Haimen on Chongming
Traditional Chinese 海門 崇明
Simplified Chinese 海门 崇明

Haiyong, formerly Haiyong Township (Chinese: 海永乡; pinyin: Hǎiyǒng Xiāng), is a town of Haimen in Jiangsu, China. Together with neighboring Qilong, it forms a pene-enclave of the province on Chongming Island, most of which belongs to the province-level municipality of Shanghai. Haiyong presently covers about 12.5 square kilometers (5 sq mi)[1] and had a population of 5,004 during the year 2000 census.

Location [ edit ]

Haiyong is a pene-enclave[2] bordered on the south and west by Shanghai's Chongming County, on the east by Qidong's Qilong Township, and on the north by the Yangtze. Because of its unusual position, it is sometimes described in Chinese as "Shanghai in Jiangsu" or "Haimen on Chongming". It is located about 60 kilometers (40 mi) from downtown Shanghai and 80 kilometers (50 mi) from Shanghai's Pudong International Airport.[1]

History [ edit ]

Yonglongsha, a shoal in the channel of the Yangtze north of Chongming Island, reappeared most recently in 1937.[3] Workers from Haimen began to utilize the land in 1966 and, by 1968, had stabilized the land enough that the conflicting claims of Haimen and Qidong were mediated by Nantong, which divided the island between them. Over 3000 workers labored over the next year, reclaiming 2 km2 (0.77 sq mi) by 1970. The area was then incorporated into Haimen in 1972 as the Yonglongsha Farm. Continuing reclamation projects and natural deposition of sediment joined it to Chongming Island in 1975. The present township was established in 1992. It was connected to Chongming's road network but this was only connected to Jiangsu by ferry service prior to the 2011 opening of the Chongqi Bridge between Chenjia and Qidong. Its area was recently increased by the addition of another 3.2 km2 (1.2 sq mi) of reclaimed land.[1]

Prior to Yonglongsha's absorption by Chongming, it offered ferry service to Haimen's Lingdian Harbor (t , s , p Língdiāngǎng) and Qidong's Sanhe Harbor (, Sānhégǎng).[3]

Haiyong Township was changed to Haiyong Town in September 2015.[4]

Economy [ edit ]

Haiyong's main products are agricultural. Apart from rice, Shanan has 500 mu (0.33 km2 or 0.13 sq mi) of land devoted to sugarcane production and another 500 mu devoted to watermelon and cotton, while a 1000 mu area of Yongbei grows a variety of vegetables, cotton, rape, and small melons such as hami melon, cantaloupe, and honeydew. The area also farms pigs, hairy crab, and whiteleg shrimp.[5] The current plan is for the development of more green and organic farming to be marketed in Shanghai.[6]

Government [ edit ]

The town of Haiyong forms part of the county-level city of Haimen, itself part of the prefecture-level city of Nantong in Jiangsu province. It is divided among the community of Tongjiang (通江街社区, Tōngjiāng Jiēshèqū) and the villages of Shanan (沙南村, Shā'nán Cūn) and Yongbei (永北村, Yǒngběi Cūn).[7]

See also [ edit ]

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ a b c "海永简介 [Hǎiyǒng Jiǎnjiè, "Haiyong Summary"]" (in Chinese). Haiyong People's Government. Archived from the original on 24 February 2015. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
  2. ^ Gao Yuan (8 December 2004). "崇明上岸(長三角調查) [Chóngmíng Shàng'àn (Zhǎng Sānjiǎo Diàochá), Chongming Coast (Yangtze Delta Survey)]" (in Chinese). Beijing: People's Daily Online, Chinese Communist Party [Reprinted from East China News (Huádōng Xīnwén)]. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help)
  3. ^ a b Office of Shanghai Chronicles. 岛、沙 ["Dǎo, Shā", "Islands and Shoals"]. Shanghai Municipal Government (Shanghai), 2015. Accessed 12 Jan 2015. (in Chinese)
  4. ^ "Archived copy" 海门市政府关于转发南通《市政府关于撤销启东市启隆乡和海门市海永乡分别设立启隆镇、海永镇的通知》的通知 (in Chinese). Haimen City government website. 10 October 2015. Archived from the original on 5 December 2017. Retrieved 4 December 2017. CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ “海永乡” ["Haiyong Township"] at Hudong Baike. 2015. Accessed 30 January 2015. (in Chinese)
  6. ^ "Modern Agricultural Park in Producing Organic Fruits". Haimen People's Government (Haimen), 2009.
  7. ^ "2016年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码 [2016 Nián Tǒngjì Yòng Qūhuà Dàimǎ hé Chéngxiāng Huàfēn Dàimǎ]" [2016 Statistics with Zoning Codes and Urban/Rural Classification Codes] (in Chinese). Beijing: National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. 2016. Retrieved 4 December 2017.

External links [ edit ]

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