Wikipedia

Home Secretary

Secretary of State for the Home Department
Royal Arms of the United Kingdom (Crown & Garter).svg
Official portrait of Rt Hon Priti Patel MP.jpg
Incumbent

Priti Patel


since 24 July 2019 (2019-07-24)
Home Office
Style Home Secretary (informal)

The Right Honourable

(within the UK and the Commonwealth)
Member of Cabinet

Privy Council

National Security Council
Reports to Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Seat Westminster
Appointer The Monarch

on advice of the Prime Minister
Term length At Her Majesty's pleasure
Formation 27 March 1782
First holder Earl of Shelburne
Website www.gov.uk
Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (HM Government).svg
This article is part of a series on the

politics and government of

the United Kingdom
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom portal

Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for the Home Department, normally referred to as the Home Secretary, is head of the Home Office and a senior Cabinet minister in Her Majesty's Government. It is a high profile position, one of the four Great Offices of State, and is widely recognised as one of the most prestigious and important roles in the British Cabinet.

The Home Secretary is responsible for the internal affairs of England and Wales, and for immigration and citizenship for the United Kingdom. The remit of the Home Office also includes policing in England and Wales and matters of national security, as the Security Service (MI5) is directly accountable to the Home Secretary.[1] Formerly, the Home Secretary was the minister responsible for prisons and probation in England and Wales; however in 2007 those responsibilities were transferred to the newly created Ministry of Justice under the Lord Chancellor.

The position has been held by Priti Patel since 24 July 2019.[2]

List of Home Secretaries [ edit ]

Secretary of State for the Home Department[1]
Portrait Name[3]

(Birth–Death)
Term of office Party Ministry Monarch

(Reign)
Ref.
William Petty, 2nd Earl of Shelburne by JL Mosnier crop.jpg The Right Honourable

William Petty

2nd Earl of Shelburne

KGPC


(1737–1805)
27 March

1782
10 July

1782
Whig Rockingham II George III

Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1801-1816).svg

(1760–1820)

[1782 1]
[4]
Viscount Sydney by Gilbert Stuart.jpg The Right Honourable

Thomas Townsend


MP for Whitchurch

(1733–1800)
10 July

1782
2 April

1783
Whig Shelburne

(WhigTory)
[4]
Nathaniel Dance Lord North cropped cropped.jpg The Right Honourable

Frederick North

Lord North

KG


MP for Banbury

(1732–1792)
2 April

1783
19 December

1783
Tory Fox–North [4]
1stMarquessOfBuckingham.jpg The Right Honourable

George Nugent-Temple-Grenville

3rd Earl Temple

PC


(1753–1813)
19 December

1783
23 December

1783
Tory Pitt I [5]
Viscount Sydney by Gilbert Stuart.jpg The Right Honourable

Thomas Townsend

1st Baron Sydney

PC


(1733–1800)
23 December

1783
5 June

1789
Whig [4]
1st Baron Grenville-cropped.jpg The Right Honourable

William Grenville

1st Baron Grenville

PCPC (Ire)


MP for Buckinghamshire[1782 2]

(1759–1834)
5 June

1789
8 June

1791
Tory [4]
1stViscountMelville2.jpg The Right Honourable

Henry Dundas


MP for Edinburgh

(1742–1811)
8 June

1791
11 July

1794
Tory [4]
3rd Duke of Portland 1804 cropped.jpg His Grace

William Cavendish-Bentinck

3rd Duke of Portland

KGPCFRS


(1738–1809)
11 July

1794
30 July

1801
Tory [4]
Addington
2ndEarlOfChichester.jpg The Right Honourable

Thomas Pelham

4th Baron Pelham of Stanmer

PCPC (Ire)FRS


(1756–1826)
30 July

1801
17 August

1803
Whig [4]
CP Yorke by George Romney.jpg The Right Honourable

Charles Philip Yorke

FRSFSA


MP for Cambridgeshire

(1764–1834)
17 August

1803
12 May

1804
Tory [4]
Earl jenkinson.jpg The Right Honourable

Robert Jenkinson

2nd Baron Hawkesbury

PCFRS


(1770–1828)
12 May

1804
5 February

1806
Tory Pitt II [4]
George Spencer, 2nd Earl Spencer.jpg The Right Honourable

George Spencer

2nd Earl Spencer

KGPCDLFRSFSA


(1758–1834)
5 February

1806
25 March

1807
Whig All the Talents

(WhigTory)
[4]
Earl jenkinson.jpg The Right Honourable

Robert Jenkinson

2nd Earl of Liverpool

PCFRS


(1770–1828)
25 March

1807
1 November

1809
Tory Portland II [4]
No image.svg The Right Honourable

Richard Ryder


MP for Tiverton

(1766–1832)
1 November

1809
8 June

1812
Tory Perceval [4]
Henry Addington by Beechey.jpg The Right Honourable

Henry Addington

1st Viscount Sidmouth

PC


(1757–1844)
11 June

1812
17 January

1822
Tory Liverpool [4]
George IV

Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1816-1837).svg

(1820–1830)
Robert Peel by RR Scanlan detail.jpg The Right Honourable

Robert Peel

FRS


MP for Oxford University

(1788–1850)
17 January

1822
10 April

1827
Tory [4]
No image.svg The Right Honourable

William Sturges Bourne


MP for Ashburton

(1769–1845)
30 April

1827
16 July

1827
Tory Canning

(CanningiteWhig)
[4]
Lord Henry Petty.jpg The Most Honourable

Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice

3rd Marquess of Lansdowne

PCFRS


(1780–1863)
16 July

1827
22 January

1828
Whig [4]
Goderich
Robert Peel by RR Scanlan detail.jpg The Right Honourable

Sir Robert Peel

BtFRS


MP for 3 constituencies respectively

(1788–1850)
26 January

1828
22 November

1830
Tory Wellington–Peel [4]
William IV

Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1816-1837).svg

(1830–1837)
William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne, painted by John Partridge.jpg The Right Honourable

William Lamb

2nd Viscount Melbourne

PC


(1779–1848)
22 November

1830
16 July

1834
Whig Grey [4]
Bessborough4.JPG The Right Honourable

John Ponsonby

1st Baron Duncannon

PC


(1781–1847)
19 July

1834
15 November

1834
Whig Melbourne I [4]
Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington by John Jackson cropped.jpg Field MarshalHis Grace

Arthur Wellesley

1st Duke of Wellington

KGGCBGCHPC


(1769–1852)
15 November

1834
15 December

1834
Tory Wellington Caretaker [4]
HenryGoulburn.jpg The Right Honourable

Henry Goulburn

FRS


MP for Cambridge University

(1784–1856)
15 December

1834
18 April

1835
Conservative Peel I [4]
Lord john russell.jpg The Right Honourable

Lord John Russell


MP for Stroud

(1792–1878)
18 April

1835
30 August

1839
Whig Melbourne II [5]
Victoria

Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg

(1837–1901)
Constantine Henry Phipps, 1st Marquess of Normanby by John Jackson.jpg The Most Honourable

Constantine Phipps

1st Marquess of Normanby

GCHPC


(1797–1863)
30 August

1839
30 August

1841
Whig [5]
Sir James Graham 2nd Bart First Lord Admiralty.jpg The Right Honourable

Sir James Graham

Bt


MP for Dorchester

(1792–1861)
6 September

1841
30 June

1846
Conservative Peel II [5]
Sir George Grey, 2nd Bt.jpg The Right Honourable

Sir George Grey

Bt


8 July

1846
23 February

1852
Whig Russell I [5]
Spencer Horatio Walpole.JPG The Right Honourable

Spencer Horatio Walpole

QC


MP for Midhurst

(1806–1898)
27 February

1852
19 December

1852
Conservative Who? Who? [5]
Lord Palmerston 1855.jpg The Right Honourable

Henry John Temple

3rd Viscount Palmerston

GCBPCFRS


MP for Tiverton

(1784–1865)
28 December

1852
6 February

1855
Whig Aberdeen

(PeeliteWhig)
[5]
Sir George Grey, 2nd Bt.jpg The Right Honourable

Sir George Grey

Bt


MP for Morpeth

(1799–1882)
8 February

1855
26 February

1858
Whig Palmerston I [5]
Spencer Horatio Walpole.JPG The Right Honourable

Spencer Horatio Walpole

QC


MP for Cambridge University

(1806–1898)
26 February

1858
3 March

1859
Conservative Derby–Disraeli II [5]
Thomas Henry Sutton Sotheron Estcourt Grant.jpg The Right Honourable

Thomas Henry Sutton Sotheron-Estcourt

DLJP


MP for North Wiltshire

(1801–1876)
3 March

1859
18 June

1859
Conservative [5]
Sir George Cornewall Lewis, 2nd Bt.jpg The Right Honourable

Sir George Cornewall Lewis

Bt


MP for Radnor

(1806–1863)
18 June

1859
25 July

1861
Liberal Palmerston II [5]
Sir George Grey, 2nd Bt.jpg The Right Honourable

Sir George Grey

Bt


MP for Morpeth

(1799–1882)
25 July

1861
28 June

1866
Liberal [5]
Russell II
Spencer Horatio Walpole.JPG The Right Honourable

Spencer Horatio Walpole

QC


MP for Cambridge University

(1806–1898)
6 July

1866
17 May

1867
Conservative Derby–Disraeli III [5]
1st Earl of Cranbrook.jpg The Right Honourable

Gathorne Gathorne-Hardy


MP for Oxford University

(1814–1906)
17 May

1867
3 December

1868
Conservative [5]
Henry Bruce, 1st Baron Aberdare NPG.jpg The Right Honourable

Henry Bruce

JPDL


(1815–1895)
9 December

1868
9 August

1873
Liberal Gladstone I [5]
Robert Lowe, 1st Viscount Sherbrooke by George Frederic Watts.jpg The Right Honourable

Robert Lowe


MP for London University

(1811–1892)
9 August

1873
20 February

1874
Liberal [5]
Portrait of Richard Assheton Cross, 1st Viscount Cross.jpg The Right Honourable

R. A. Cross

GCBFRSDL


MP for South West Lancashire

(1823–1914)
21 February

1874
23 April

1880
Conservative Disraeli II [5]
Sir William Harcourt.jpg The Right Honourable

Sir William Harcourt

QC


MP for Derby

(1827–1904)
28 April

1880
23 June

1885
Liberal Gladstone II [5]
Portrait of Richard Assheton Cross, 1st Viscount Cross.jpg The Right Honourable

R. A. Cross

GCBFRSDL


MP for Newton

(1823–1914)
24 June

1885
1 February

1886
Conservative Salisbury I [5]
Hugh Childers, Lock & Whitfield woodburytype, 1876-83 crop.jpg The Right Honourable

Hugh Childers


MP for Edinburgh South

(1827–1896)
6 February

1886
25 July

1886
Liberal Gladstone III [5]
Henrymatthews.jpg The Right Honourable

Henry Matthews

QC


MP for Birmingham East

(1826–1913)
3 August

1886
15 August

1892
Conservative Salisbury II [5]
Portrait of Herbert Henry Asquith, 1st Earl of Oxford and Asquith.jpg The Right Honourable

H. H. Asquith

QC


MP for East Fife

(1852–1928)
18 August

1892
25 June

1895
Liberal Gladstone IV [5]
Rosebery
Matthew White Ridley sketch.jpg The Right Honourable

Sir Matthew White Ridley

BtDL


MP for Blackpool

(1842–1904)
29 June

1895
12 November

1900
Conservative Salisbury

(III & IV)


(Con.Lib.U.)
[5]
Charles Thomson Ritchie headshot.jpg The Right Honourable

Charles Ritchie


MP for Croydon

(1838–1906)
12 November

1900
11 August

1902
Conservative [5]
Edward VII

Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg

(1901–1910)
Balfour
Aretas Akers-Douglas, 1st Viscount Chilston.png The Right Honourable

Aretas Akers-Douglas

JPDL


MP for St Augustine's

(1851–1926)
11 August

1902
5 December

1905
Conservative [5]
Viscount Gladstone.jpg The Right Honourable

Herbert Gladstone

JP


MP for Leeds West

(1854–1930)
11 December

1905
19 February

1910
Liberal Campbell-Bannerman [5]
Asquith

(I–III)
Sir Winston Churchill - 19086236948.jpg The Right Honourable

Winston Churchill


MP for Dundee

(1874–1965)
19 February

1910
24 October

1911
Liberal [5]
George V

Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg

(1910–1936)
Reginald McKenna photo.jpg The Right Honourable

Reginald McKenna


MP for North Monmouthshire

(1863–1943)
24 October

1911
27 May

1915
Liberal [5]
Viscount Simon.jpg The Right Honourable

Sir John Simon


MP for Walthamstow

(1873–1954)
27 May

1915
12 January

1916
Liberal Asquith Coalition

(Lib.Con.–et al.)
[5]
Herbert Samuel.jpg The Right Honourable

Herbert Samuel


MP for Cleveland

(1870–1963)
12 January

1916
7 December

1916
Liberal [5]
George Cave, 1st Viscount Cave in 1915.jpg The Right Honourable

George Cave

1st Viscount Cave

PC


MP for Kingston[1782 5]

(1856–1928)
11 December

1916
14 January

1919
Conservative Lloyd George

(I & II)
[5]
Edward Shortt.jpg The Right Honourable

Edward Shortt

KC


MP for Newcastle upon Tyne West

(1862–1935)
14 January

1919
23 October

1922
Liberal [5]
William Bridgeman, 1st Viscount Bridgeman.png The Right Honourable

William Bridgeman

JPDL


MP for Oswestry

(1864–1935)
25 October

1922
22 January

1924
Conservative Law [5]
Baldwin I
1910 Arthur Henderson.jpg The Right Honourable

Arthur Henderson


MP for Burnley[1782 6]

(1863–1935)
23 January

1924
4 November

1924
Labour MacDonald I [5]
1st Viscount Brentford 1923.jpg The Right Honourable

Sir William Joynson-Hicks

BtPC (NI)DL


MP for Twickenham

(1865–1932)
7 November

1924
5 June

1929
Conservative Baldwin II [5]
J.R. Clynes LCCN2014717260 (cropped).jpg The Right Honourable

John Robert Clynes


MP for Manchester Platting

(1869–1949)
8 June

1929
26 August

1931
Labour MacDonald II [5]
Herbert Samuel.jpg The Right Honourable

Herbert Samuel

GCBGBE


MP for Darwen

(1870–1963)
26 August

1931
1 October

1932
Liberal National I

(N.Lab.Con.–et al.)
[5]
National II
Sir John Gilmour.jpg The Right Honourable

Sir John Gilmour

BtDSOTDJPDL


MP for Glasgow Pollok

(1876–1940)
1 October

1932
7 June

1935
Unionist [5]
Viscount Simon.jpg The Right Honourable

Sir John Simon

GCSIGCVOOBE


MP for Spen Valley

(1873–1954)
7 June

1935
28 May

1937
Liberal National National III

(Con.N.Lab.–et al.)
[5]
Edward VIII

Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg

(1936)
George VI

Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg

(1936–1952)
Sir Samuel Hoare GGBain.jpg The Right Honourable

Sir Samuel Hoare

BtGCSIGBECMGJP


MP for Chelsea

(1880–1959)
28 May

1937
3 September

1939
Conservative National IV [5]
John Anderson, 1st Viscount Waverley 1947.jpg The Right Honourable

Sir John Anderson

GCBGCSIGCIEPC (Ire)


MP for Combined Scottish Universities

(1882–1958)
4 September

1939
4 October

1940
Independent

(National)
Chamberlain War [5]
Churchill War

(All parties)
Herbert Morrison 1947.jpg The Right Honourable

Herbert Morrison


MP for Hackney South

(1888–1965)
4 October

1940
23 May

1945
Labour [5]
The Right Honourable

Sir Donald Somervell

KC


MP for Crewe

(1889–1960)
25 May

1945
26 July

1945
Conservative Churchill Caretaker

(Con.Lib.N.)
[5]
James Chuter Ede (minister van Binnenlandse Zaken (Home Secretary)), Bestanddeelnr 900-7223.jpg The Right Honourable

James Chuter Ede

JPDL


MP for South Shields

(1882–1965)
3 August

1945
26 October

1951
Labour Attlee

(I & II)
[5]
David Maxwell Fyfe, Nuremberg, 1946 (Art. IWM ART LD 5863).jpg The Right Honourable

Sir David Maxwell Fyfe

GCVOQC


MP for Liverpool West Derby

(1900–1967)
27 October

1951
19 October

1954
Conservative Churchill III [5]
Elizabeth II

Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom.svg

(1952–present)
Gwilym Lloyd George 1922.jpg The Right Honourable

Gwilym Lloyd George

TD


MP for Newcastle upon Tyne North

(1894–1967)
19 October

1954
14 January

1957
National Liberal

&

Conservative
[5]
Eden
Richard-Austen-Rab-Butler-1st-Baron-Butler-of-Saffron-Walden.jpg The Right Honourable

Richard Austen Butler

CH


MP for Saffron Walden

(1902–1982)
14 January

1957
13 July

1962
Conservative Macmillan

(I & II)
[5]
The Right Honourable

Henry Brooke


MP for Hampstead

(1903–1984)
14 July

1962
16 October

1964
Conservative [5]
Douglas-Home
No image.svg The Right Honourable

Sir Frank Soskice

QC


MP for Newport

(1902–1979)
18 October

1964
23 December

1965
Labour Wilson

(I & II)
[5]
Roy Jenkins 1977b.jpg The Right Honourable

Roy Jenkins


MP for Birmingham Stechford

(1920–2003)
23 December

1965
30 November

1967
Labour [5]
Persconferentie na afloop Overleg van de 9 , Den Haag Callaghan (oa met Enge, Bestanddeelnr 928-9157 (crop).jpg The Right Honourable

James Callaghan


MP for Cardiff South East

(1912–2005)
30 November

1967
19 June

1970
Labour [5]
Reginald Maudling.jpg The Right Honourable

Reginald Maudling


MP for Barnet

(1917–1979)
20 June

1970
18 July

1972
Conservative Heath [5]
The Right Honourable

Robert Carr


MP for Carshalton

(1916–2012)
18 July

1972
4 March

1974
Conservative [5]
Roy Jenkins 1977b.jpg The Right Honourable

Roy Jenkins


MP for Birmingham Stechford

(1920–2003)
5 March

1974
10 September

1976
Labour Wilson

(III & IV)
[5]
Callaghan
Merlyn Rees appearing on "After Dark", 16 July 1988.jpg The Right Honourable

Merlyn Rees


MP for Leeds South

(1920–2006)
10 September

1976
4 May

1979
Labour [5]
The Right Honourable

William Whitelaw

CHMCDL


MP for Penrith and The Border

(1918–1999)
4 May

1979
11 June

1983
Conservative Thatcher I [5]
Lord Brittan 2011.jpg The Right Honourable

Leon Brittan

QC


MP for Richmond (Yorks)

(1939–2015)
11 June

1983
2 September

1985
Conservative Thatcher II [5]
Lord Hurd (cropped).jpg The Right Honourable

Douglas Hurd

CBE


MP for Witney

(born 1930)
2 September

1985
26 October

1989
Conservative [5]
Thatcher III
The Right Honourable

David Waddington

QCDL


MP for Ribble Valley

(1929–2017)
26 October

1989
28 November

1990
Conservative [5]
Official portrait of Lord Baker of Dorking crop 2.jpg The Right Honourable

Kenneth Baker


MP for Mole Valley

(born 1934)
28 November

1990
10 April

1992
Conservative Major I [5]
Official portrait of Mr Kenneth Clarke crop 2.jpg The Right Honourable

Kenneth Clarke

QC


MP for Rushcliffe

(born 1940)
10 April

1992
27 May

1993
Conservative Major II [5]
Official portrait of Lord Howard of Lympne crop 2.jpg The Right Honourable

Michael Howard

QC


MP for Folkestone and Hythe

(born 1941)
27 May

1993
2 May

1997
Conservative [5]
Jack Straw 2.jpg The Right Honourable

Jack Straw


MP for Blackburn

(born 1946)
2 May

1997
8 June

2001
Labour Blair

(I–III)
[5]
David Blunkett -8April2010.jpg The Right Honourable

David Blunkett


MP for Sheffield Brightside

(born 1947)
8 June

2001
15 December

2004
Labour [5]
CharlesClarke2014.jpg The Right Honourable

Charles Clarke


MP for Norwich South

(born 1950)
15 December

2004
5 May

2006
Labour [5]
JohnReidHeadshot.jpg The Right Honourable

John Reid


MP for Airdrie and Shotts

(born 1947)
5 May

2006
27 June

2007
Labour [6]
Smith, Jacqui (crop).jpg The Right Honourable

Jacqui Smith


MP for Redditch

(born 1962)
28 June

2007
5 June

2009
Labour Brown [7]
Alan Johnson MP.jpg The Right Honourable

Alan Johnson


MP for Hull West and Hessle

(born 1950)
5 June

2009
11 May

2010
Labour [8]
Theresa May 2015 (cropped).jpg The Right Honourable

Theresa May


MP for Maidenhead

(born 1956)
12 May

2010
13 July

2016
Conservative Cameron–Clegg

(Con.L.D.)
[9]
Cameron II
Official portrait of Amber Rudd crop 2.jpg The Right Honourable

Amber Rudd


MP for Hastings and Rye

(born 1963)
13 July

2016
29 April

2018
Conservative May I [10]
May II
Official portrait of Sajid Javid MP.jpg The Right Honourable

Sajid Javid


MP for Bromsgrove

(born 1969)
30 April

2018
24 July

2019
Conservative [11]
Rt Hon Priti Patel MP.jpg The Right Honourable

Priti Patel


MP for Witham

(born 1972)
24 July

2019
Incumbent Conservative Johnson I [2]
Johnson II

See also [ edit ]

Notes [ edit ]

  1. ^ The Prince of Wales served as Prince Regent from 5 February 1811.
  2. ^ Elevated to the Peerage of Great Britain in 1790.
  3. ^ Elected to a new constituency in the 1847 general election.
  4. ^ Lost seat in the 1868 general election and elected to a new constituency in the Renfrewshire by-election.
  5. ^ Elevated to the Peerage of the United Kingdom in 1918.
  6. ^ Elected on 28 February 1924 in the Burnley by-election.

References [ edit ]

  • Gibson, Bryan (2008). The New Home Office: An Introduction (2nd ed.). Waterside Press. pp. 148–149. ISBN 978-1-904380-49-8.
  1. ^ a b "Secretary of State for the Home Department". gov.uk. Government of the United Kingdom. Retrieved 18 July 2016.
  2. ^ a b "Priti Patel appointed UK interior minister: statement". 24 July 2019 – via www.reuters.com.
  3. ^ Including honorifics and constituencies for elected MPs.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v Gibson 2008.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm "Home Secretary". Hansard. Parliament of the United Kingdom. Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  6. ^ "Clarke is fired in Cabinet purge". BBC News. 5 May 2006. Retrieved 13 September 2017.
  7. ^ "First female boss for Home Office". BBC News. 28 June 2007. Retrieved 13 September 2017.
  8. ^ "Hutton quits in cabinet reshuffle". BBC News. 5 June 2009. Retrieved 13 September 2017.
  9. ^ "Cameron coalition: Theresa May made home secretary". BBC News. 12 May 2010. Retrieved 13 September 2017.
  10. ^ "Theresa May shakes up government with new-look cabinet". BBC News. 14 July 2016. Retrieved 13 September 2017.
  11. ^ "Sajid Javid announced as new Home Secretary after Amber Rudd's resignation". Sky News. Retrieved 30 April 2018.

External links [ edit ]

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