Wikipedia

Hong Kong Correctional Services

Hong Kong Correctional Services
懲教署
HK Correctional Services Logo.svg
Agency overview
Formed 1879; 141 years ago (1879)
Jurisdiction   Hong Kong
Headquarters 23rd, 24th and 27th Floors, Wanchai Tower, 12 Harbour Road, Wan Chai
Employees 7,052 (2018)[1]
Minister responsible
Agency executives
Website www.csd.gov.hk
Hong Kong Correctional Services
Traditional Chinese 懲教署
Simplified Chinese 惩教署
Hkpol2.png
Politics and government

of Hong Kong
Related topics Flag of Hong Kong.svg Hong Kong portal

Hong Kong Correctional Services (also called Correctional Services Department (CSD)) is responsible for the management of prisoners and prisons in Hong Kong. The Commissioner of Correctional Services reports to the Secretary for Security.

Although the Chief Magistrate (now Commissioner of Police) was given control over prisons in 1841, the legislation to create the department did not come into being until 1853. CSD was part of the Hong Kong Police Force until 1879 when the role of Superintendent of Victoria Gaol was created. The department has been financially independent from the Hong Kong Police Force since December 1920, when the Superintendent of Victoria Gaol was re-titled as the Superintendent of Prisons.[2][3][4][5][6]

Ranks [ edit ]

As with all of the Hong Kong Disciplined Services, British-pattern rank insignia continue to be utilised, with the only change being the replacement of the St. Edward's Crown by the Bauhinia flower crest in 1997.[7]

  • Commissioner of Correctional Services (similar insignia to a UK General)
  • Deputy Commissioner (similar insignia to a UK Lieutenant-General)
  • Assistant Commissioner (similar insignia to a UK Major-General)
  • Chief Superintendent (similar insignia to a UK Colonel)
  • General Manager. (Correctional Services Industries)
  • Senior Superintendent (similar insignia to a UK Lieutenant-Colonel)
  • Superintendent (similar insignia to a UK Major)
  • Chief Officer (similar insignia to a UK Captain)
  • Principal Officer (similar insignia to a UK Lieutenant with a bar beneath)
  • Officer (similar insignia to a UK Lieutenant)
  • Probationary Officer (similar insignia to a UK Second Lieutenant)
  • Technical Instructor
  • Assistant Officer I (similar insignia to a UK Sergeant)
  • Assistant Officer II (similar to a UK Private)
  • Instructor

Facilities [ edit ]

CSD has 28 facilities across Hong Kong ranging from maximum security prisons to rehabilitation centres.

Lantau
Name of Facility Location Years of Operation Facility Type Capacity Status/Remarks
Shek Pik Prison Shek Pik 1984–present Maximum security institution 426 active
Sha Tsui Correctional Institution Shek Pik 1972–present Minimum security institution 121 active
Tong Fuk Correctional Institution Ma Po Ping 1966–present Medium security institution 925 active
Lai Chi Rehabilitation Centre Shek Pik 2002–present Minimum security institution 90 active
New Territories
Name of Facility Location Years of Operation Facility Type Capacity Status/Remarks
Bauhinia House Tai Lam Chung 1984–present Half-way House 24 active; moved to current location in 2002
Lai King Correctional Institution Kwai Chung 2008–present Minimum security institution 200 active
Chi Lan Rehabilitation Centre Kwai Chung 2002–present Minimum security institution 40 active; relocated from Shek O Road to Kwai Chung in 2008
Pik Uk Correctional Institution Sai Kung 1975–present Maximum security institution 385 active
Pik Uk Prison Sai Kung 1975–present Minimum security prison 550 active
Siu Lam Psychiatric Centre Tai Lam Chung 1972–present Maximum security institution 261 active
Tai Lam Centre for Women Tai Lam Chung 1969–present Maximum security institution 391 active
Tai Lam Correctional Institution Tai Lam Chung 1980–present Minimum security institution 598 active
Wai Lan Rehabilitation Centre Tai Lam Chung 2002–present Minimum security institution 24 active
Lo Wu Correctional Institution Lo Wu 2010–present Medium security institution 1400 active
Kowloon
Name of Facility Location Years of Operation Facility Type Capacity Status/Remarks
Lai Chi Kok Reception Centre Lai Chi Kok 1977–present Maximum security institution 1484 active
Lai Hang Rehabilitation Centre Tai Wo Ping 2002–present Minimum security institution 70 active
Phoenix House Tai Wo Ping 1983–present Half-way house 30 active
Pelican House Tai Wo Ping 1995–present Half-way house 40 active; moved to present location in 2004
Hong Kong Island
Name of Facility Location Years of Operation Facility Type Capacity Status/Remarks
Cape Collinson Correctional Institution Cape Collinson 1958–present Minimum security institution 192 active
Pak Sha Wan Correctional Institution Stanley 1999–present Medium security institution 424 active, adult no smoking correctional facility
Tung Tau Correctional Institution Stanley 1982–present Minimum security institution 452 active, adult no smoking correctional facility
Stanley Prison Stanley 1937–present Maximum security institution 1511 active
Hei Ling Chau
Name of Facility Location Years of Operation Facility Type Capacity Status/Remarks
Lai Sun Correctional Institution Hei Ling Chau 1984–present Minimum security institution 202 active
Hei Ling Chau Correctional Institution Hei Ling Chau 1984–present Medium security institution 532 active
Hei Ling Chau Addiction Treatment Centre Hei Ling Chau 1975–present Drug Addiction Treatment Centre 672 active
Nei Kwu Correctional Institution Hei Ling Chau 2002–present Minimum security institution 236 active

Prisoner demographics [ edit ]

As of 2018 there was a daily average of 8,310 prisoners in the Hong Kong prison system. The prisons had an occupancy rate of 81.6 per cent, while training, detention, rehabilitation, and drug addiction treatment centres had an occupancy rate of 30.8 per cent.[1]

Reading materials [ edit ]

As of 2018 there were about 100,000 books in the prison libraries; the percentages by language were 83% Chinese, 10% English, and 7% not in Chinese nor English. Prison authorities stated that they did not wish to buy very many books in neither official language to ensure the security of the prisons; Legco member Shiu Ka-chun criticised this rationale.[8]

Crest [ edit ]

Badge of the Correctional Service Department before 1 July 1997.

The current crest of the force was adopted in 1997 to replace most of the colonial symbols:[9]

  • St Edward's Crown replaced by the stylised Bauhinia flower crest
  • Replacement of the Royal cypher by a Compass rose, with the words "Correctional Services 懲教署" circling it
  • Addition of a laurel wreath bearing the words "Correctional Services Hong Kong"

Staff associations [ edit ]

  • Hong Kong Correctional Services General Union
  • Correctional Services Officers' Association
  • Hong Kong Correctional Services Department Assistant Officers General Association
  • Hong Kong Chinese Civil Servants' Association Correctional Services Department Branch
  • The Association for the Retired Staff of the Hong Kong Correctional Services Department

CSD in popular media [ edit ]

  • TVB drama series Tomorrow Is Another Day was filmed with the full co-operation of the CSD who allowed the film crew to film and access to Stanley and other prisons.
  • 2017 Independent Movie With Prisoners [zh] (同囚) was filmed as a story about prisoners being tortured inhumanly in Sha Tsui Correctional Institution. A claim that the film was based on real events was later retracted.

References [ edit ]

Flag of the Correctional Service Department before 1 July 1997.
  1. ^ a b "Head 30 — CORRECTIONAL SERVICES DEPARTMENT"(PDF). The 2019–20 Budget. Hong Kong Government.
  2. ^ CHAU Hing-wah and SIU Lai-kuen (2011). "History of Hong Kong Correctional Services (1921-2011)". Hong Kong Correctional Services Department.
  3. ^ "Annual Review 2012"(PDF). Hong Kong Correctional Services Department. 2012. Archived from the original(PDF) on 2020-05-21.
  4. ^ "90 years ago, prisoners had better meals than the general populace". Apple Daily (Hong Kong). 27 Dec 2011. Archived from the original on 21 May 2020.
  5. ^ Kevin Sinclair and Lui Lai-kuen (March 1999). "Society's Guardians: A history of correctional services in Hong Kong 1841-1999" (PDF). Kevin Sinclair and Associates Limited. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2020-05-21.
  6. ^ "Early History". Hong Kong Correctional Services Department. Archived from the original on 2018-04-04.
  7. ^ International Encyclopaedia of Uniform Insignia, Hong Kong Correctional Services
  8. ^ Lam, Jeffie (2018-06-24). "Prisoners in Hong Kong who read no Chinese or English have few books to choose from behind bars". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 2018-07-19.
  9. ^ Correctional Services Department

External links [ edit ]

Media related to Hong Kong Correctional Services Department at Wikimedia Commons

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