Wikipedia

Hong Kong Science and Technology Parks Corporation

Hong Kong Science and Technology Parks Corporation
Native name
香港科技園公司
Type Statutory Body
Industry Science and Technology
Founded May 2001
Headquarters 5/F, Building 5E, 5 Science Park East Avenue, Hong Kong Science Park (with effect from 21 January 2019),
Hong Kong
Key people
Sunny Chai Ngai Chiu (Chairperson)
Website Official website
Hong Kong Science and Technology Parks Corporation
Traditional Chinese 香港科技園公司
Simplified Chinese 香港科技园公司

The Hong Kong Science and Technology Parks Corporation (HKSTP) is a public corporation set up by the Hong Kong Government in 2001 to foster the development of innovation and technology in Hong Kong.

Roles and responsibilities [ edit ]

HKSTP manages facilities and provides value-added services for the technology, research and development sector in Hong Kong.[1] These facilities include Hong Kong Science Park (for technology companies), InnoCentre (for design enterprises), and three industrial estates at Tai Po, Yuen Long and Tseung Kwan O (for a range of skill-intensive business sectors).[1] According to the Government, Hong Kong Science Park is the 'flagship technology infrastructure' in Hong Kong.[2] Considerable R&D office space (330,000 square metres) and job opportunities (15,000) are provided.[2]

Legal framework [ edit ]

Hong Kong Science and Technology Parks Corporation Ordinance (Cap. 565) takes effect at the establishment of Hong Kong Science and Technology Parks Corporation (in Chinese 香港科技園公司). The Ordinance states the functions, purposes, rights and obligations of HKSTP.[3] As HKSTP is the merger of the Hong Kong Industrial Estates Corporation, the Hong Kong Industrial Technology Centre Corporation and the Provisional Hong Kong Science Park Company Limited, it has inherited the rights, obligations, assets and liabilities of the above organisations.[3]

Section 8 of the Ordinance confers power on HKSTP to serve its purposes by means which are ‘expedient’, ‘conducive’, ‘reasonably incidental’ and consequential’.[3] Under section 8, some examples of the power vested are acquisition of property, entering into contract and carrying out works for founding, enhancement or development of its premises.[3]

Internal structure [ edit ]

The Board is responsible for formulating overall strategic directions and policies of the Corporation and overseeing management of the business.

The Board consists of 17 Non-Executive Directors. Among the 17 Directors, there are 16 Board Members and 1 chairperson who is currently Sunny Chai Ngai Chiu.[4] The Chairperson is appointed by the Chief Executive of HKSAR and the Board members are appointed by the Financial Secretary[4] All Board Members do not receive honorarium for their work.[4] When a term of service ends, the Board Members may be reappointed.[4]

The Board performs its role by devising the key strategic plan, monitoring the execution of such plan, approves the ‘annual budget’, ‘corporate key performance indicators’, ‘10-year financial projection’ and major development plans.[5] In particular, the Board safeguards HKSTP from potential risks by making sure effective controls are in practice.[5]

The Board supervises five standing Committees, namely Business Development and Admission Committee, Finance and Administration Committee, Projects and Facilities Committee, Audit Committee, as well as Senior Staff Administration Committee.[5] Investment Committee and two subsidiary companies namely were set up in 2015.[6]

Investment Committee and two subsidiary companies, namely STP Corporate Venture Limited and STP Asset Holding Limited were set up in 2015.[6] The two subsidiary companies are the investment holding companies of the Corporate Venture Fund.[6] They are responsible for the administering of the Fund and reporting to the Finance and Administrative Committee regularly.[6] The Investment Committee supervises the work of Corporate Venture Fund and approves its investment and divestment decisions.[6]

Finance [ edit ]

The Hong Kong Government is the sole shareholder of HKSTP.[7] The Financial Secretary may inject equity into the authorized capital of HKSTP by publishing in the Gazette.[8] At the same time, HKSTP may issue its share to the Government.[9]

HKSTP says it will operate according to "prudent commercial principles".[10] There plan is for the Hong Kong Government to not need to continually fund the HKSTP.[11]

HKSTP plans to send annual financial reports to the Secretary.[12] The Secretary in turn sends a copy of the financial report to the Legislative Council (LegCo).[13]

In March 2018, Paul Chan Mo-po announced HK$40 billion funding for the science park, including HK$20 billion for building in the Lok Ma Chau Loop the first phase of the Hong Kong-Shenzhen Innovation and Technology Park, owned by HKSTP; and HK$10 billion allocated to the park for supporting its tenants and building infrastructure and facilities.[14]

In October 2018, HKSTP announced the launch of first phase of roll-outs utilising the HK$10 billion funding support provided by the HKSAR Government.[15]

Financial position of HKSTP on 31 March 2018[16] [ edit ]

Items Amount (HK$)
Surplus and total comprehensive income for the year $148.958 m
Net Current Asset $9.786 b
Total Equity $15.463 b

Projects [ edit ]

Current projects [ edit ]

HKSTP currently manages and operates the following:

  • Hong Kong Science Park
  • Three Industrial Estates (including Tai Po, Tseung Kwan O and Yuen Long Industrial Estate)
  • InnoCentre[17]

HKSTP has also held a number of incubation programmes. Corporate Venture Fund is announced by the Financial Secretary in 2015-16 Budget Speech.

Comments [ edit ]

HKSTP has faced criticism that the development of Hong Kong Science Park is a white elephant.[18] Legislative councillor Lam Tai-fai stated that the cost of the first stage and second stage of construction of the Park were 2.9 billion and 3.8 billion respectively, but the third stage was 4.8 billion.[18] He cast doubt over the soaring construction cost of the Park.[18] Another councillor Regina Ip argued that HKSTP had prioritised the outlook of the infrastructure over the construction cost which leads to high rental rate and management fee.[18] She raised the icon building, "Gold Egg" as an example.[18] In response to such comments, Rita Lau, the Secretary for Commerce and Economic Development emphasized that they did not consider the outlook as a top priority and a considerable portion of construction cost was spent on high-tech laboratories and sterile rooms which are necessary for the purposes of the Park.[18]

In an article in Apple Daily, a representative of the tenants at the Science Park reflected that a lot of tenants were moving out due to the soaring and unaffordable rental rate.[19]

Fanny Law, the previous chairperson of the Board of HKSTP, responded to the ‘white elephant’ claim and affirmed the value of HKSTP by sharing the viewpoint of Tien Chan-Lin.[20] Tien Chan-Lin is a former University of California Berkeley chancellor who pushed forward the establishment of Hong Kong Science Park in late 1990s.[20] He once raised that the Government should be responsible for the availability of comprehensive and continuous support to the research and development sector at different levels.[20] However, Law acknowledged that HKSTP had not reached its full potential in both providing supports the industry at all levels and gaining support from all relevant stakeholders in the community, industry and academia. She observed that these two key elements were absent in the past 14 years, hence the HKSTP did not perform up to what the public has anticipated.[20]

For the Lok Ma Chau Loop development plan, Legislative councilor Charles Peter Mok argued that it may not benefit local companies due to the remote location of Lok Ma Chau Loop.[21]

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ a b GovHK Website. Hong Kong Science & Technology Parks Corporation (HKSTPC). Retrieved 21 November 2017 from https://www.gov.hk/en/business/supportenterprises/innovation/index.htm
  2. ^ a b Report of the Advisory Committee on Innovation and Technology, p15. March 2017. Advisory Committee on Innovation and Technology. Retrieved 19 November 2017 from http://www.itc.gov.hk/en/doc/ACIT_Report_Eng.pdf
  3. ^ a b c d Hong Kong Science and Technology Parks Corporation Ordinance, §§ Cap. 565 (2001).
  4. ^ a b c d Hong Kong Science and Technology Parks Corporation. (12 September 2018). Hong Kong Science and Technology Parks Corporation 2017-2018 Annual Report. Retrieved from https://www.hkstp.org/media/4405/e_hkstp-ar18.pdf
  5. ^ a b c Hong Kong Science and Technology Parks Corporation, p33. (2017). HKSTP Annual Report 2016/2017. Retrieved 19 November 2017, from https://www.hkstp.org/media/2625/hkstpc-annual-report-2016-17-eng_wca.pdf.
  6. ^ a b c d e [Hong Kong Science and Technology Parks Corporation, p5. (2016). HKSTP Corporate Governance Report 2015/2016. Retrieved 29 November 2017, from https://www.hkstp.org/media/1861/201516_corporate_governance_report_eng.pdf].
  7. ^ Hong Kong Science and Technology Parks Corporation Ordinance, §§ Cap. 565-17-17 (2001).
  8. ^ Hong Kong Science and Technology Parks Corporation Ordinance, §§ Cap. 565-17(2)-17(2) (2001).
  9. ^ Hong Kong Science and Technology Parks Corporation Ordinance, §§ Cap. 565-17(5)- 17(5) (2001).
  10. ^ Hong Kong Science and Technology Parks Corporation Ordinance, §§ Cap. 565-7-7 (2001).
  11. ^ Innovation and Technology Commission, Commerce and Economic Development Bureau. (23 April 2010). Item for Finance Committee: CAPITAL INVESTMENT FUND HEAD 962 - INDUSTRY; New Subhead "Equity in the Hong Kong Science and Technology Parks Corporation"; New Subhead "Load to the Hong Kong Science and Technology Parks Corporation". Retrieved from http://www.legco.gov.hk/yr09-10/english/fc/fc/papers/f10-03e.pdfFCR(2010-11)3
  12. ^ Hong Kong Science and Technology Parks Corporation Ordinance, §§ Cap. 565-22(1)-23(6) (2001).
  13. ^ Hong Kong Science and Technology Parks Corporation Ordinance, §§ Cap. 565-24-24 (2001).
  14. ^ "All eyes on Science Park after massive HK$40 billion budget handout". South China Morning Post. 2 March 2018. Retrieved 1 July 2018.
  15. ^ Hong Kong Science and Technology Parks Corporation. (26 October 2018). HKSTP Accelerates the Growth of Hong Kong’s Technology Start-ups and Innovation & Technology Sector with the HKSAR Government’s $10 billion Injection. Retrieved 31 December 2018, from https://www.hkstp.org/en/about-us/press-room/hkstp-accelerates-the-growth-of-hong-kong-s-technology-start-ups-and-innovation-technology-sector-with-the-hksar-government-s-10-billion-injection/
  16. ^ Hong Kong Science and Technology Parks Corporation. (12 September 2018). Hong Kong Science and Technology Parks Corporation 2017-2018 Report of the Directors and Financial Statements. Retrieved from https://www.hkstp.org/media/4405/e_hkstp-ar18.pdf
  17. ^ Hong Kong Science and Technology Parks Corporation. (2017). About HKSTP. Retrieved 5 November 2017, from https://www.hkstp.org/zh-hk/about-hkstp/the-corporation/about-hkstp/
  18. ^ a b c d e f Oriental Daily. (2010). 耗48億科學園「愈起愈貴」. Retrieved 18 November 2017, from http://orientaldaily.on.cc/cnt/news/20100317/00176_018.html
  19. ^ Apple Daily. (2012). 租金狂升 配套不足 科學園爆大逃亡 零科研僅剩空殼. Retrieved 18 November 2017, from https://hk.news.appledaily.com/local/daily/article/20121019/18043958
  20. ^ a b c d SCMP. (2015). The woman behind Hong Kong's big push to drive technological innovation. Retrieved 18 November 2017, from http://www.scmp.com/tech/science-research/article/1772017/former-politician-behind-hong-kongs-big-push-drive
  21. ^ Standnews. (2017). 【河套科技園】莫乃光質疑位置偏遠「為誰而建?」 胡志偉憂變相輸入專 才.Retrieved 18 November 2017, from https://www.thestandnews.com/politics/%E6%B2%B3%E5%A5%97%E7%A7%91%E6%8A%80%E5%9C%92-%E8%8E%AB%E4%B9%83%E5%85%89%E8%B3%AA%E7%96%91%E4%BD%8D%E7%BD%AE%E5%81%8F%E9%81%A0-%E7%82%BA%E8%AA%B0%E8%80%8C%E5%BB%BA
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