Huanglong Scenic and Historic Interest Area

Huanglong Scenic and Historic Interest Area
UNESCO World Heritage Site
1 huanglong pools aerial 2011.jpg
Location Songpan County, Sichuan, People's Republic of China
Criteria Natural: (vii)
Reference [

103.833028 638

Inscription 1992 (16th session)
Area 60,000 ha (230 sq mi)
Coordinates 32°44′36″N 103°49′59″E  /  32.7432°N 103.8330°E  / 32.7432; 103.8330 Coordinates: 32°44′36″N103°49′59″E / 32.7432°N 103.8330°E / 32.7432; 103.8330
Location of Huanglong Scenic and Historic Interest Area in Sichuan

Huanglong (simplified Chinese: 黄龙; traditional Chinese: 黃龍; pinyin: Huánglóng; literally: 'yellow dragon') is a scenic and historic interest area in the northwest part of Sichuan, China. It is located in the southern part of the Minshan mountain range, 370 kilometres (230 mi) north-northwest of the capital Chengdu.[1] This area is known for its colorful pools formed by calcite deposits, especially in Huanglonggou (Yellow Dragon Gully), as well as diverse forest ecosystems, snow-capped peaks, waterfalls and hot springs. Huanglong is also home to many endangered species including the giant panda and the Sichuan golden snub-nosed monkey.[1] Huanglong was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1992.

HuangLong World Heritage Natural Site

Attractions [ edit ]

Due to thousands[citation needed] of years of geological processes Huanglong consists of numerous unique landscapes of geological landforms. Glacial revolution, terrane structure, stratum of carbonic acid rock, tufa water and climatic conditions such as Arctic-alpine sun light have created this world-famous travertine landscape. These accumulated travertine landscapes and pools are Huanglong's main attraction.

Huanglong covers an area of 700 km2 at an altitude between 1700m and 5588m. Major scenic areas include:

  • Huanglong Valley (黄龙沟)
  • Danyun Gorge (Chinese: 丹云峽; literally: 'red cloud gorge')
  • Muni Valley (牟尼沟)
  • Xuebaoding (雪宝顶; 'snow treasure peak') – 5,588 m (18,333 ft)
  • Xueshan Ridge (雪山梁; 'snow mountain ridge') – 4,007 m (13,146 ft), the highest point on the road from Jiuhuang Airport to Huanglong Valley.
  • Red Star Rock (红星岩)
  • Sigou (四沟; 'fourth gully')

Huanglong scenic areas

Huanglong Valley [ edit ]

The total length of the travertine in Huanglong Valley is 3.6 km and it is thought to look like a huge golden dragon wheeling through the snow-capped mountains of the valley. The main landscapes are travertine banks, colorful ponds and travertine waterfalls and caves. The main body of water starts from the ancient Buddhist/Benbo temple at the top of the valley and ends at the Guests Welcome Pond in the north with a length of 2.5 km and a width of 30–170m. The colours of Huanglong's waters consist of yellows, greens, blues and browns.

Map of Huanglong Valley Scenic Spots
Scenic spots in Huanglong Valley Sea level Remarks
1 Guests Welcome Pond 迎宾池 3230m 350 pools 黃龍-迎賓池.JPG
2 Marvelous Flying Waterfall 飛瀑流輝 3245m 14m tall 68m wide HuangLong 2002-09-12 53.jpg
3 Lianyan Pond 瀲灩湖 3251m 2000sq.m 黃龍-瀲灩湖.jpg
4 Flying Waterfall on Lotus Platform 蓮台飛瀑 3260m 45m tall 19m wide 黃龍-蓮台飛瀑.JPG
5 Washing Cave 洗身洞 3280m 10m tall 40m wide 黃龍-洗身洞.JPG
6 Golden Sand Pavement 金沙鋪地 3305m 1300m long 黃龍-金沙鋪地.JPG
7 Seven Mile Golden Sand 七里金沙 3400m 黃龍-七里金沙.JPG
8 Bonsai Pond 盆景池 3320m 330 pools 1 huanglong 2011.jpg
9 Mirror Pond 明鏡倒映池 3400m 180 pools 黃龍-明鏡倒映池.JPG
10 Azalea Pond 娑蘿映彩池 3415m 400 pools 黃龍-娑蘿映彩池.JPG
11 Flamboyant Pond 爭豔池 3414m 658 pools 1 huanglong 2.jpg
12 Huanglong Middle Temple 黃龍中寺 3470m Huanglong middle temple.jpg
13 Huanglong Ancient Temple 黃龍古寺 3568m Huanglong ancient temple.jpg
14 Multi-Colored Pond 五彩池 3576m 693 pools 黃龍-五彩池.JPG

Gallery [ edit ]

See also [ edit ]

References [ edit ]

External links [ edit ]

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