IIT Institute of Design
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IIT Institute of Design (ID) at the Illinois Institute of Technology (IIT), founded as the New Bauhaus, is a graduate school teaching systemic, human-centered design.
History [ edit ]
After a spell in London, Bauhaus master Moholy-Nagy, at the invitation of Chicago's Association of Art and Industry, moved to Chicago in 1937 to start a new design school, which he named the New Bauhaus. The philosophy of the school was basically unchanged from that of the original, and its first headquarters was the Prairie Avenue mansion that architect Richard Morris Hunt, designed for department store magnate Marshall Field.
Due to financial problems the school briefly closed in 1938. However, Walter Paepcke, Chairman of the Container Corporation of America and an early champion of industrial design in America, soon offered his personal support, and in 1939, Moholy-Nagy re-opened the school as the Chicago School of Design. In 1944, this became the Institute of Design, and in 1949 it became part of the new Illinois Institute of Technology university system and also the first institution in the United States to offer a PhD in design.
Moholy authored an account of his efforts to develop the curriculum of the School of Design in his book Vision in Motion.
Archival materials are held by the Ryerson & Burnham Libraries at the Art Institute of Chicago. The Institute of Design Collection includes articles, letters, photographs, and other materials documenting the institute's history and works by faculty and students. Select archival film materials are held at Chicago Film Archives, who store and provide access to a handful of Institute of Design films.
Educational programs [ edit ]
The Institute of Design offers two professional degrees, the Master of Design (MDes) and the Master of Design Methods (MDM), as well as a research degree, the PhD, which was the first doctoral program in design in the United States, and a dual MDes/MBA degree program, also the first of its kind, with the IIT Stuart School of Business. 
At one time, the Institute of Design offered a Bachelor of Science in Design degree, with specialties in Photography, Product Design and Communication Design. The Bachelor's program was halted in 1998.
Conferences [ edit ]
The Institute of Design annually organizes two large design conferences in the Chicago area: The Strategy Conference for international executives and designers who come together to address how businesses can use design to explore emerging opportunities, and the Design Research Conference, organized by students, exploring emerging trends in design research.
Directors [ edit ]
- 1937–1945, László Moholy-Nagy
- 1946–1951, Serge Chermayeff
- 1951–1955, Crombie Taylor (acting)
- 1955–1969, Jay Doblin 
- 1969–1974, James S. Montague (acting)
- 1974–1982, various
- 1982–1986, Dale Fahnstrom
- 1986–2017, Patrick Whitney
- 2017–present, Denis Weil
Prominent former faculty [ edit ]
- George Anselevicius (1949–1952)
- Alexander Archipenko
- John Cage
- Harry Callahan, Photography (1947–1961)
- Jay Doblin, Director (1954–1968)
- Buckminster Fuller
- Michael Higgins, Head of Visual Design
- George Fred Keck
- György Kepes
- Michael McCoy and Katherine McCoy (1995–2003)
- Ralph Rapson (1942–1946)
- Arthur Siegel, Photography (1946–1949 and 1967–1977)
- Aaron Siskind, Photography (1951–1971)
- Robert Bruce Tague, Architecture
- Konrad Wachsmann, Advanced Building Research (Director) (1950-1964)
- Hugo Weber (1949- 1955) 
- Massimo Vignelli (1958–1960)
Former names and locations [ edit ]
New Bauhaus - American School of Design
- 1938: 1905 S. Prairie Avenue, Chicago
The School of Design in Chicago
- 1939–1945: 247 E. Ontario Street, Chicago
The Institute of Design
- 1945–1946: 1009 N. State Street, Chicago
- 1946–1956: 632 N. Dearborn Street, Chicago (now Castle nightclub)
- 1956–1989: S.R. Crown Hall IIT campus on South State Street
- 1989–1996: 10 West 35th Street (ITRI on IIT campus)
- 1996–2016: 350 N. LaSalle Blvd, Chicago
- 2016-2018: 565 W. Adams St, Chicago
- 2018–Present: Kaplan Institute, 3137 S Federal St., Chicago
Prominent alumni [ edit ]
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- Kathleen Brandenburg, designer
- Robert Brownjohn, artist and graphic designer
- Ivan Chermayeff, Principal of Chermayeff & Geismar, son of former Institute of Design director Serge Chermayeff and designer of the Chase Manhattan Bank logo among other achievements.
- Burton Kramer, graphic designer, artist, A.G.I., Order of Ontario, D.Des (Hon) O.C.A.D.U.
- June Leaf, (attended 1947-1948, M.A. Art Education in 1954) painter, sculptor
- Estes W. Mann (Armour Institute), Memphis based architect who produced numerous NRHP listed residences
- Ray Metzker, photographer
- Richard Nickel, photographer and architectural preservationist
- Charles L. Owen (M.S. 1965), creator of the Structured Planning method for complex systems design
- Louis Sauer (attended 1949 to 1953), architect
- Art Sinsabaugh, (B.A. 1949, M.S. 1967) American photographer; founded and led the photography/cinematography department, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, 1959–83; founding member, Society for Photographic Education
- Roger Sweet (MS 1960), Toy inventor and creator of He-Man from Mattel
- Madeline Tourtelot, artist, founder of the Peninsula School of Art
- John Henry Waddell, sculptor
- Claire Zeisler, fiber artist
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
- "Introducing Denis Weil, Dean of the Institute of Design". 22 February 2017.
- HERBERT MUSCHAMPPublished: June 04, 1999 (1999-06-04). "Crombie Taylor, 85, Architect Who Helped Champion Bauhaus - New York Times". Nytimes.com. Retrieved 2014-01-05.
- "Jay Doblin on the evolution of design, 1974". Archived from the original on July 19, 2011. Retrieved December 3, 2010.
- "IIT Institute of Design (ID), a pioneering graduate school". IIT Institute of Design.
- Blum, Betty. "Interview with Robert Bruce Tague". Chicago Architects Oral History Project.
- Archives of American Art. "Summary of the Hugo Weber papers, 1932-1971 | Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution". Aaa.si.edu. Retrieved 2014-01-05.
- Marc J. Dollinger (2008). Entrepreneurship: Strategies and Resources. Marsh Publications. p. 383.
- "Beer with a Painter: June Leaf". Hyperallergic. 2016-04-23. Retrieved 2018-01-04.
- "American Horizons: The Photographs of Art Sinsabaugh". www.iub.edu. Retrieved 2018-01-04.
[ edit ]
- Institute of Design web site
- Institute of Design's biweekly student newsletter, the New Idiom
- IIT's Galvin Library Institute of Design exhibit
- Chicago New Bauhaus School Alumnis [sic]