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|Elongate ilisha on sale in a Chinese supermarket|
The elongate ilisha (the FAO name) (Ilisha elongate), also known as the Chinese herring or slender shad (even though it is not a close relative of herrings and shads) (Chinese: 勒鱼; pinyin: lèyú or simply 鳓, lè), is a species of longfin herring native to the coastal waters and estuaries of North Indian Ocean and Northwest Pacific. It is a relatively large species, up to 45–60 centimetres (18–24 in) in total length. It is an important fishery species.
Life history [ edit ]
In the northern part of its range, Ilisha elongata matures at age of 2 years and has a lifespan of about 6 years; in the warmer parts of its range, it matures under age 1 year and has a lifespan of about 3 years. It can spawn several batches of eggs.
Fisheries and use [ edit ]
The species is commercially fished. Based on the FAO fishery statistics, the annual catches ranged between 80,400 and 98,700 tonnes in 2000-2009, all of them from the Northwest Pacific (FAO Fishing Area 61) and almost all of them caught by China. The meat is tasty but has many bones.
References [ edit ]
- "Ilisha elongata". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2011). "Ilisha elongata" in FishBase. November 2011 version.
- Whitehead, Peter J.P. (1985). FAO species catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, anchovies and wolfherrings. Part 1 - Chirocentridae, Clupeidae and Pristigasteridae (PDF). Rome: FAO. pp. 265–266. ISBN 978-92-5-102340-2.
- Zhang, J.; Takita, T.; Zhang, C. (2009). "Reproductive biology of Ilisha elongata (Teleostei: Pristigasteridae) in Ariake Sound, Japan: Implications for estuarine fish conservation in Asia". Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science. 81 (1): 105–113. Bibcode:2009ECSS...81..105Z. doi:10.1016/j.ecss.2008.10.013.
- FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) (2011). Yearbook of fishery and aquaculture statistics 2009. Capture production (PDF). Rome: FAO. pp. 91–92.
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