Irunkōvēl, also known as Irungkōvēl, Irukkuvēl, and Ilangōvēlir, was a title of the Irunkōvēl line of Yadu Velir kings. The Irunkovel line of kings ruled over Kō nādu identified with the Kodumbalur and surrounding areas in ancient of the inscriptions at Kodumbalur belonging to one of the kings in the Irunkovel line, namely Tennavan Irunkōvēl, declares that he belonged to the race of Tamil[citation needed] The Moovar Koil record of Irukkuvel chief Boothi Vikramakesari lauds his father, Samarabirama, as Yadu-vamsa-ketu (Banner of the Yadu race).[citation needed]

Moovar Koil Temple Complex built by Irunkovel chieftain Boothi Vikramakesari

The contemporary of Karikala [ edit ]

The most famous among them was a contemporary of Karikala Chola as well as poet Kapilar and lived during the Sangam era.[1] Sangam literature mentions a chieftain called Irunkovel who could trace his lineage back over 49 generations to residence in Thuvarai [2] He is later defeated by Karikala and becomes a subordinate to the Chola sovereign.[3]

Irungola Cholas [ edit ]

The Irungovel chieftains were not merely feudatories but were related to the Cholas through matrimony.[citation needed] The Cholas considered the offspring of these unions as one of their own and referred to them as Pillai meaning child or son in their epigraphs.[citation needed] These princes assumed both the Chola and Irungovel titles like for example there was one Adavallan Gangaikonda Cholan alias Irungolan during the time of Kulottunga I and then there was a certain Sendamangalam Udaiyan Araiyan Edirili Cholan alias Irungolan during the reign of Kulottunga III.[citation needed]

References [ edit ]


  1. ^ Historical heritage of the Tamils, page 287
  2. ^ Seneviratne, Sudharshan (1994). "The Twilight of Perumaka: South Indian Polity Restructured and Incorporated". In van Bakel, Martin; Hagesteijn, Renee; van de Velde, Pieter (eds.). Pivot Politics: Changing Cultural Identities in Early State Formation Processes. Het Spinhuis. p. 165.
  3. ^ Studies in Indian epigraphy, Volume 32, page 58


  • Historical heritage of the Tamils By Ca. Vē Cuppiramaṇiyan̲, Ka. Ta Tirunāvukkaracu, International Institute of Tamil Studies
  • Studies in Indian epigraphy, Volume 32 By Epigraphical Society of India

Further reading [ edit ]

  • Ramanathan, P. (1969). "Iruṅkoveḷ and the Koṭṭai Veḷāḷar--The Possible Origins of a Closed Community". Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. 32 (2): 323–343. JSTOR 614004.
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