Cecil 'Skelly' Spence in Antwerp 2018
|Members||Lascelle "Wiss" Bulgin
Cecil "Skeleton" Spence
|Past members||Albert "Apple Gabriel" Craig|
Israel Vibration are a reggae harmony group, originating from Kingston, Jamaica. Lascelle "Wiss" Bulgin, Albert "Apple Gabriel" Craig, and Cecil "Skelly" Spence all overcame childhood polio, and went on to be one of the most successful roots groups to form in Jamaica in the 1970s. The trio initially met as children at a rehabilitation center.
History [ edit ]
Bulgin (born 1955), Craig, and Spence (born 1952) first met as children at the Mona Rehabilitation Clinic, all sufferers of polio in the epidemic that spread through Jamaica in the 1950s, but it was several years later that they formed Israel Vibration. Craig attended the Alpha Boys School but ran away at the age of fourteen, living on the streets. Spence was a member of the band Hot Lickers, appearing on Jamaican television with the group at the age of twelve. He also played in the Jamaican wheelchair basketball team, but was forced out in 1969 after adopting the Rastafarian faith, something which the three had in common when they were later reunited.
Spence and Craig got together in Kingston and sought out Bulgin, who at the time was working as a tailor. They formed a vocal group, initially adopting the name Israel Vibration Israel Vibrates, soon becoming simply Israel Vibration. They survived on money earned singing in the streets for several years, and in 1975 attempted to launch a recording career at Channel One Studios, but the track they recorded there ("Bad Intention") was not released.
Funding for their first album came in the form of a grant from the Twelve Tribes of Israel branch of Rastafarai after Hugh Booth, a member of the Twelve Tribes, had overheard the three men singing in a wooded area outside Kingston. Apple and Wiss were living in the area, which they had converted into a home. Recorded at the Treasure Isle studio in 1976, their debut release was the single "Why Worry", released on the Twelve Tribes label late that year. The single was successful enough for the group to be offered support slots at shows by artists such as Dennis Brown, Inner Circle, and Bob Marley.
They then began working with producer Tommy Cowan, releasing "The Same Song" (on which they were backed by members of Inner Circle) on his Top Ranking label in 1977, and an album of the same name followed in 1978. The album, and its dub counterpart, Israel Tafari (aka Same Song Dub) were a success internationally, leading to a deal with EMI label Harvest to reissue the album in the UK, the label also releasing a second album, Unconquered People in 1980.
For their third album, Why You So Craven (the title track aimed at their former producer Cowan), they worked with Henry "Junjo" Lawes but disagreements meant that they left the album unfinished, with Lawes getting The Tamlins to complete it.
The group relocated to New York in 1982 to seek professional health care, and escape the growing dancehall movement in Jamaica, but struggled to break through there and they split up. They each attempted to launch solo careers, with Bulgin releasing the Mr Sunshine album in 1985, but by 1987 they decided to relaunch Israel Vibration. Having all been turned down when they approached Gary "Dr. Dread" Himmelfarb, founder of RAS Records, during their solo period, they received a positive response when they approached him as a group. They were flown to Washington, D.C. to record a new album at the Lion and Fox Recording Studios in College Park, Maryland, backed by the Roots Radics. Strength of my Life was the group's fourth album. The band stayed with RAS into the 21st century, releasing more than a dozen albums for the label.
In 1997, Apple Gabriel left the group to pursue a solo career, releasing the album Another Moses in 1999. Skelly and Wiss continue to record albums and tour the world as Israel Vibration, backed by longtime associates Roots Radics. In December 2014 they were reportedly recording a new album set for release in early 2015. The new album, entitled "Play It Real" was released on 31 March 2015 via Utopia.
Discography [ edit ]
Studio albums [ edit ]
- The Same Song (1978), Top Ranking
- Unconquered People (1979), Harvest
- Why You So Craven (1981), Volcano
- Strength of My Life (1988), RAS
- Praises (1990), RAS
- Dub Vibration: Israel Vibration in Dub (1990), RAS
- Forever (1991), RAS
- IV (1993), RAS
- I.V.D.U.B. (1994), RAS
- On the Rock (1995), RAS
- Dub the Rock (1995), RAS
- Israel Dub (1996), RAS
- Free to Move (1996), RAS
- Ras Portraits (1997), RAS
- Pay the Piper (1999), RAS
- Jericho (2000), RAS
- Power of the Trinity (2002)
- Dub Combo (2001), RAS
- Fighting Soldiers (2003)
- Cool and Calm (2005)
- Stamina (2007), Mediacom
- Reggae Knights (2010), Mediacom
- Play It Real (2015), Utopia
Live albums [ edit ]
- Israel Vibration & The Gladiators Live at Reggae Sunsplash (1982)
- Vibes Alive (1992), RAS
- Live Again! (1997), RAS
- Live & Jammin (2003), Nocturne
References [ edit ]
- Thompson, Dave (2002) Reggae & Caribbean Music, Backbeat Books, ISBN 0-87930-655-6, p. 133-135
- Brown, Joe (1991) "Reggae Culture Has Vibrations", The Washington Post, 8 February 1991, retrieved 16 September 2012 – via HighBeam (subscription required)
- Block, Melissa & Siegel, Robert (2004) "Interview: Gary Himmelfarb discusses a reggae adaptation of some of Bob Dylan's songs", NPR, 27 August 2004, retrieved 16 September 2012 – via HighBeam (subscription required)
- Barrow, Steve & Dalton, Peter (2004) The Rough Guide to Reggae, 3rd edn., Rough Guides, ISBN 1-84353-329-4, p. 204
- Barrow, Steve & Dalton, Peter (1999) Reggae – 100 Essential CDs: The Rough Guide, Rough Guides, ISBN 1-85828-567-4, p. 83-4
- Miller, Mark R. (1999) "ISRAEL VIBRATION "Pay the Piper" RAS Records", The Washington Post, 19 March 1999, p. N7
- Lien, James (1999) "Apple Gabriel Another Moses", CMJ New Music Report, 3 May 1999, p. 35, retrieved 16 September 2012
- Joyce, Mike (2003) "ISRAEL VIBRATION "Fighting ...", The Washington Post, 23 May 2003, retrieved 16 September 2012 – via HighBeam (subscription required)
- Brinn, David (2008) "Reggae legends make Israel a Pessah destination", Jerusalem Post, 14 April 2008, retrieved 16 September 2012 – via HighBeam (subscription required)
- Campbell, Howard (2014) "Positive Vibrations", Jamaica Observer, 7 December 2014. Retrieved 8 December 2014