Wikipedia

Jianyang dialect

Jianyang
Gṳ̿ing-iô̤ng-dī / 建陽事
Native to Southern China
Region Jianyang, Fujian
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Glottolog jian1241 [1]
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Jianyang (Kienyang) (Northern Min: Gṳ̿ing-iô̤ng-dī / 建陽事) is a dialect of Northern Min Chinese spoken in Jianyang in the north of Fujian province.

Phonology [ edit ]

Jianyang dialect has 18 initials, 34 rimes and 8 tones.

Initials [ edit ]

Stops Nasals Fricatives Approx.
p m β
t n l
ts tsʰ s
k ŋ x
ʔ h ɦ
  • Fricative and affricate sounds /ts, tsʰ, s, x/ are realized as more palatal as [, tɕʰ, ɕ, ç], when preceding front vowels.
  • /β/ can be realized as an approximant [ʋ] within different segments.

Rimes [ edit ]

a ia ua
ɔ
o uo
e ie ue ye
ai
ɔi ui
au
au iu
i y
iaŋ uaŋ
ɔŋ iɔŋ uɔŋ
eiŋ ieiŋ ueiŋ yeiŋ
aiŋ
ɔiŋ

Tones [ edit ]

No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Tone name dark level

陰平
light level A

陽平甲
light level B

陽平乙
rising

上聲
dark departing

陰去
light departing

陽去
dark entering

陰入
light entering

陽入
Tone contour ˥˧ (53) ˧˧˦ (334) ˦˩ (41) ˨˩ (21) ˧˧˨ (332) ˦˧ (43) ˨˩˦ (214) ˦ (4)

The entering tones in Jianyang dialect don't have any entering tone coda (入聲韻尾) such as /-ʔ/, /-p̚/, /-t̚/ and /-k̚/. It's quite different from many other Chinese dialects.

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Jianyang". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  • Chen, Matthew (2000). Tone Sandhi: Patterns across Chinese Dialects. CUP.
  • Norman, Jerry (1969). "The Kienyang Dialect of Fukien". Ph.D. dissertation, University of California, Berkeley.
  • Compilation Commission of Chorography of Jianyang County 建阳县地方志编纂委员会 (1994). Jian yang xian zhi 建阳县志 ["Chorography of Jianyang County"]. 31. Beijing: Qunzhong chubanshe 群众出版社 ["Masses Press"]. ISBN 9787501412297.



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