|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Total||1,352.54 km2 (522.22 sq mi)|
|• Density||820/km2 (2,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
|Dalian district map||
Jinzhou District (simplified Chinese: 金州区; traditional Chinese: 金州區; pinyin: Jīnzhōu Qū; literally: 'golden prefecture') is one of the seven districts of Dalian, Liaoning province, People's Republic of China. It is located about 20 kilometres (12 mi) northeast of the city centre and facing the Bohai Sea to the west as well as the Korea Bay to the east and has a longer history than Dalian itself, and used to be a thriving walled city where the officials of this area were dispatched from the central government. Recently, it is again a thriving town, having Dalian Development Area within its area as well as becoming a bedroom community to downtown Dalian. Its area is 1,352.54 square kilometres (522.22 sq mi) and its permanent population as of 2010[update] is 1,102,773.
History [ edit ]
Before Russia leased Lüshun Naval Port and established Dalian as a commercial port in 1898, Jinzhou was the center of this region, a thriving walled town, to which the central government official was dispatched to rule this region.
- A revolt in Liaodong Peninsula (239 A.D.)
- Tang, Song and Yuan Dynasties
- Ming Dynasty
- Japan occupied Liaodong Peninsula including Jinzhou during the Sino-Japanese War and tried to lease it (1894), but returned it as the results of the Triple Intervention by France, Germany and Russia
- Japan re-occupied Liaodong Peninsula during the Russo-Japanese War (1904) and leases it as Kwantung Leased Territory (1905)
Republic of China
- Japan's lease agreement was extended to 99 years, until 1999 (1915)
- The Soviet forces advanced to Jinzhou and the Communist Party-led Jinzhou Prefectural Government was established (1945)
People's Republic of China
- Jinzhou became part of Lüda City (1950)
- After becoming part of Liaonan Special Zone (1966), Jinzhou was returned to Lüda City (1969), which was later renamed as Dalian City (1981)
Recently, it is again a thriving District, having Dalian Development Area within it as well as becoming a bedroom community to downtown Dalian.
Geography [ edit ]
- 1074.6 aquare kilometers of land
- 20 kilometers northeast of the center of Dalian City
- Pulandian City to the north, Ganjingzi District to the south, the Yellow Sea to the east and the Bohai Sea to the west
- Highest point: Dahei Mountain, 662 meters above sea level
- In winter, the Yellow Sea side of Jinzhou does not freeze, but the Bohai Sea side freezes in January and February
Administrative divisions [ edit ]
Transportation [ edit ]
- Jinzhou Station on the Dalian-Shenyang-Harbin Railroad (former South Manchurian Railway)
- Dalian-Shenyang-Harbin and Dalian-Dandong-Shenyang Expressways
- Dalian-Dalian Development Area-Jinshitan (Golden Pebble Beach) Qinggui (Dalian Light Rail)
Education [ edit ]
Colleges and Universities
- Dalian Maple Leaf International School
- Dalian Korean International School (KO)
- Dalian American International School
Sightseeing [ edit ]
- Xiangying Square and Stalin Road for Pedestrians only
- Former government official's office
- Jinzhou Museum, newly built in north of the town
- Longwang Taoist Temple, Jinzhou Christian Church, etc.
- South Hills, a Russo-Japanese war battleground
- Dahei Mountain
- Cannon Hills, East Mountain Park, Kailun International Hot Spring Club, etc.
Golden Pebble Beach (Jinshitan) Tourist Area
- Golden Pebble Beach Golf Course, Discovery Kingdom, etc.
Eight Views of Old Jinzhou [ edit ]
The Eight Views of Old Jinzhou are:
- Shengshui Temple (Buddhist, Dahei Mountain)
- Xiangshui Temple (Taoist, Dahei Mountain)
- Chaoyang Temple (Buddhist, Dahei Mountain)
- Beisha Castle (Dahei Mountain)
- Yuhuang Temple (Taoist)
- Longwang Temple (Taoist)
- Mengzhen Cave
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
- Google (2014-07-02). "Jinzhou" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 2014-07-02.
- Dalian Statistical Yearbook 2012 (《大连统计年鉴2012》). Accessed 8 July 2014.
- 2010 Census county-by-county statistics (《中国2010年人口普查分县资料》). Accessed 8 July 2014.
- Liaoning Province, particularly its southern region from Dalian to Dandong, abounds in the legends of Emperor Taizong of Tang and his generals' Goguryeo campaigns, reflected in the place names, etc.
- Eight Views of Old Jinzhou (in Chinese)