Jura (department)

Юра Франция, деревня в долине.jpg

Coat of arms of Jura

Coat of arms
Location of Jura in France
Location of Jura in France
Coordinates: 46°40′31″N5°33′16″E / 46.67528°N 5.55444°E / 46.67528; 5.55444Coordinates: 46°40′31″N5°33′16″E / 46.67528°N 5.55444°E / 46.67528; 5.55444
Country France
Region Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
Prefecture Lons-le-Saunier
Subprefectures Dole

 • President of the General Council Gérard Bailly
 • Total 4,999 km2 (1,930 sq mi)
Highest elevation
1,200 m (3,900 ft)
Lowest elevation
200 m (700 ft)
 • Total 260,517
 • Rank 79th
 • Density 52/km2 (130/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number 39
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 17
Communes 494
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Jura (/ˈ(d)ʒʊərə/ JOOR-ə, ZHOOR, French: [ʒyʁa] (About this soundlisten))[needs Arpitan IPA] is a department of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté in the east of France named after the Jura Mountains.

History [ edit ]

Historically, Jura belonged to the Free County of Burgundy, known in French as the Franche-Comté. Dole was the capital until the region was conquered by Louis XIV and the capital was moved to Besançon. Dole is now a sous-préfecture, or sub-prefecture, of Jura.

As early as the 13th century, inhabitants of the southern two-thirds of Jura spoke a dialect of Arpitan language. It continued to be spoken in rural areas into the 20th century.

Jura is one of the original 83 departments, it being the created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790. It was created from part of the former province of Franche-Comté. The prefecture (capital) is Lons-le-Saunier.

Demographics [ edit ]

Population development since 1801:

Historical population
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1801 288,151 —    
1806 300,050 +0.81%
1821 301,768 +0.04%
1831 312,504 +0.35%
1841 316,884 +0.14%
1851 313,299 −0.11%
1861 298,053 −0.50%
1872 287,634 −0.32%
1881 285,263 −0.09%
1891 273,028 −0.44%
1901 261,288 −0.44%
1911 252,713 −0.33%
1921 229,062 −0.98%
1931 229,109 +0.00%
1936 220,797 −0.74%
1946 216,386 −0.20%
1954 220,202 +0.22%
1962 225,682 +0.31%
1968 233,547 +0.57%
1975 238,856 +0.32%
1982 242,925 +0.24%
1990 248,759 +0.30%
1999 250,857 +0.09%
2010 261,534 +0.38%
2016 260,587 −0.06%

Geography [ edit ]

Jura is one of eight departments of the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region and is surrounded by the French departments of Doubs, Haute-Saône, Côte-d'Or, Saône-et-Loire, and Ain, as well as the Swiss canton of Vaud on the east.

The Jura mountains are wooded and rolling, not craggy and rocky like the Alps.

Many lakes can be found throughout the Jura - the largest natural lake being Lac de Chalain, measuring 3 km long and 1 km wide. Lac de Vouglans was formed after the building of a hydro-electric dam. It is one of the largest man-made lakes in France.

Politics [ edit ]

The President of the General Council is Jean Raquin (Miscellaneous Right).

Party seats
Union for a Popular Movement 15
Socialist Party 8
Miscellaneous Left 6
French Communist Party 3
Miscellaneous Right 2

Current National Assembly Representatives [ edit ]

Constituency Member[2] Party
Jura's 1st constituency Danielle Brulebois La République En Marche!
Jura's 2nd constituency Marie-Christine Dalloz The Republicans
Jura's 3rd constituency Jean-Marie Sermier The Republicans

Climate [ edit ]

The climate of the Jura varies greatly by elevation. The lower valleys are temperate and pleasant, but the high mountain valleys have bitterly cold winters.

Economy [ edit ]

Jura is a wine-growing region. The Jura wines are very distinctive and unusual wines, such as vin jaune, which is made by a similar process to sherry, developing under a flor of yeast. This is made from the local Savagnin grape variety. Other grape varieties include Poulsard, Trousseau, and Chardonnay.

The department contains no industrial cities: the few towns function as administrative and commercial centres serving Jura's rural economy. In the absence of large-scale industrial enterprises, small artisanal businesses play an important role. The Jura CFA (Centre for apprenticeship and training) recently recorded 752 current apprenticeships in trades such as building, baking, butchery, hair dressing, car repairing, sales and other non-factory based occupations.

Tourism [ edit ]

The Jura mountains provide ample opportunities for hiking, skiing, and other winter sports.

See also [ edit ]

References [ edit ]

External links [ edit ]

What is this?