Wikipedia

Kar-Kiya dynasty

Kar-Kiya dynasty


1370s–1592
Map of the political situation in northern Iran in 1425
Map of the political situation in northern Iran in 1425
Capital Lahijan
Common languages Persian, Gilaki
Religion
Zaydi Shia Islam
Government Monarchy
Historical era Post-classical history
• Established
1370s
• Safavid conquest
1592
Succeeded by
Safavid Iran

The Kar-Kiya dynasty, also known as the Kiya'ids, was a Zaydi Shia dynasty which ruled over Biya-pish (eastern Gilan) from the 1370s to 1592. They claimed Sasanian ancestry as well. Lahijan was the dynasty's capital.

The Kar-Kiya dynasty helped Shah Ismail I to establish the Safavid Empire and later became a vassal state of the empire. The Safavid shah, Abbas I put an end to the Kiya'id dynasty by dispatching an army to Gilan in 1592.[1]

Karkiya rulers [ edit ]

  • Ali Kiya (r. 1370s-1389)
  • Hady Kiya (r. 1389-1394)
  • Amir Sayyed Mohammad (1394-1430)
  • Sayyed Naser Kiya (1430-1448)
  • Soltan-Mohammad Kiya (1448-1478)
  • Soltan-Ali Mirza (1478-1505)
  • Soltan-Ahmad Khan (r. 1506-1534)
  • Soltan-Kiya Ali (1534-1534/5)
  • Soltan-Hasan Kiya (1534/5-1538)
  • Khan Ahmad Khan (r. 1538-1592)

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ Kasheff 2001, pp. 635–642.

Sources [ edit ]

  • Goto, Yukako (2017). "Kār Kiā". Encyclopaedia Iranica.
  • Goto, Yukako (2020). "Kār Kiyā dynasty". In Fleet, Kate; Krämer, Gudrun; Matringe, Denis; Nawas, John; Rowson, Everett (eds.). Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE. Brill Online. ISSN 1873-9830.
  • Kasheff, Manouchehr (2001). "GĪLĀN v. History under the Safavids". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. X, Fasc. 6. pp. 635–642.
  • Matthee, Rudi (1999). "FARHĀD KHAN QARAMĀNLŪ, ROKN-AL-SALṬANA". Encyclopaedia Iranica.
  • Nashat, Guity; Beck, Lois (2003). Women in Iran from the Rise of Islam to 1800. University of Illinois Press. pp. 1–253. ISBN 978-0-252-07121-8.
  • Newman, Andrew J. (2008). Safavid Iran: Rebirth of a Persian Empire. I.B.Tauris. pp. 1–281. ISBN 9780857716613.
  • Babaie, Sussan (2004). Slaves of the Shah: New Elites of Safavid Iran. I.B.Tauris. pp. 1–218. ISBN 9781860647215.
  • Matthee, Rudi (1999). The Politics of Trade in Safavid Iran: Silk for Silver, 1600-1730. Cambridge University Press. pp. 1–290. ISBN 0521641314.
  • Mitchell, Colin P. (2009). The Practice of Politics in Safavid Iran: Power, Religion and Rhetoric. I.B.Tauris. pp. 1–304. ISBN 978-0857715883.
  • Sajjadi, Sadeq; Melvin-Koushki, Matthew (2008). "The Amīr Kiyāʾids of Gīlān". In Madelung, Wilferd; Daftary, Farhad (eds.). Encyclopaedia Islamica Online. Brill Online. ISSN 1875-9831. CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
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