Wikipedia

Karabiga

Karabiga
Town
Karabiga is located in Turkey
Karabiga
Karabiga
Location of Karabiga
Coordinates: 40°24′13″N27°18′14″E / 40.40361°N 27.30389°E / 40.40361; 27.30389Coordinates: 40°24′13″N27°18′14″E / 40.40361°N 27.30389°E / 40.40361; 27.30389
Country   Turkey
Region Marmara
Province Çanakkale
District Biga
Elevation
16 m (52 ft)
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)

Karabiga[1] (Karabuga[2]) is a town in Biga District, Çanakkale Province, in the Marmara region of Turkey. It is located at the mouth of the Biga River, on a small east-facing bay, known as Karabiga Bay.[3] Its ancient name was Priapus or Priapos (Ancient Greek: Πρίαπος).[4]

History [ edit ]

Originally a town of ancient Mysia, it was a colony of Miletus or of Cyzicus.[5] It had a good harbour. Strabo mentions that the area produced fine wine and that the god Priapus gave the town its ancient name.[6] Thucydides mentions the town as a naval station.[7] Arrian reports that in 334 BCE Alexander the Great sent Panegorus to take possession of the city and the city surrendered without contest, prior to the Battle of Granicus.[6][8] Besides the aforementioned authors, the town was noted by numerous ancient writers and geographers including Pomponius Mela,[9] Pliny the Elder,[10] Stephanus of Byzantium,[11] and the Geographer of Ravenna.[12]

Under the Eastern Roman Empire, the town was known as Pegae or Pegai (Πηγαί)[13] and was the site of a Byzantine fortress.[14]

During the Allied occupation following World War I, Karabiga was part of the lands that were claimed by Ahmet Anzavur in his attempt to keep the area from the Turkish nationalists. He was killed just outside Karabiga in April 1921 by Turkish nationalists aligned with Arnavud Rahman.[15]

Notes [ edit ]

  1. ^ Karabiğa (Approved) at GEOnet Names Server, United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
  2. ^ Karabuga (Variant) at GEOnet Names Server, United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
  3. ^ Karabiğa Limanı (Approved) at GEOnet Names Server, United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
  4. ^ Priapus (Variant) at GEOnet Names Server, United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
  5. ^  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1854–1857). "Priapus". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray.
  6. ^ a b Strabo. Geographica. xiii. p. 587. Page numbers refer to those of Isaac Casaubon's edition.
  7. ^ Thucydides. History of the Peloponnesian War. 8.107.
  8. ^ ArrianCampaigns of Alexander I, 13
  9. ^ Pomponius Mela. De situ orbis. 1.19.
  10. ^ Pliny. Naturalis Historia. 4.24, 5.40.
  11. ^ Stephanus of Byzantium. Ethnica. s.v. Πρίαπος.
  12. ^ Ravenna Cosmography 2.18.
  13. ^ Norwich, John Julius (2006) The Middle Sea: A History of the Mediterranean Doubleday, New York, page 103, ISBN 978-0-385-51023-3
  14. ^ Setton, Kenneth M.; Hazard, Harry W. and Zacour, Norman P. (1980) A History of the Crusades: The Impact of the Crusades on Europe University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, Wisconsin, page 241, ISBN 978-0-299-10744-4
  15. ^ Gingeras, Ryan (2009) Sorrowful Shores: Violence, ethnicity, and the end of the Ottoman Empire, 1912-1923 Oxford University Press, Oxford, England, pages 106 and 118, ISBN 978-0-19-956152-0
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