Land reclamation in Hong Kong
The reclamation of land from the ocean has long been used in mountainous Hong Kong to expand the limited supply of usable land with a total of around 60 square kilometres of land created by 1996. The first reclamations can be traced back to the early Western Han Dynasty (206 BC – 9 AD), when beaches were turned into fields for salt production. Major land reclamation projects have been conducted since the mid-19th century.
Projects [ edit ]
Praya Reclamation Scheme (1868-1904) [ edit ]
One of the earliest projects, the works were completed in two phases. The second added 50 to 60 acres (24 ha) of land in 1890 during the second phase of construction. It was one of the most ambitious projects ever undertaken during the Colonial Hong Kong era. It significantly expanded the land around Praya Central.
Praya East Reclamation Scheme (1921-1931) [ edit ]
Kai Tak Airport extension (1957-1974) [ edit ]
The old airport, Kai Tak, was located In Kowloon and part of the land is reclaimed. A section of runway and most parking stands were built on reclaimed land.
New towns, phases 1-3 (1973-1996) [ edit ]
New International Airport construction (1991-1998) [ edit ]
The "new" airport, Chep Lap Kok International airport was built on two islands and was opened in 1998. They are building a third runway at the moment and for this, a small portion of land next to the airport has been reclaimed. 
Central and Wan Chai projects (1993-2018) [ edit ]
Several projects in and around Victoria Harbour, constructed for various purposes. This includes transportation improvements such as the Hong Kong MTR Station, Airport Express Railway & Central-Wanchai Bypass, as well as public recreation space such as the Central Harbourfront Event Space, Tamar Park and the Hong Kong Observation Wheel.
Disneyland construction (2003-2005) [ edit ]
Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge (2009-2018) [ edit ]
The bridge project involved the creation of four islands, including one in Hong Kong.
Tung Chung New Town Extension (2017- ) [ edit ]
Hong Kong International Airport Third Runway (2016-2024) [ edit ]
The third runway of HKIA is being built on land that is currently being reclaimed. The reclamation is to be finished in 2020, while the runway on top of it is expected to be completed in 2024.
Lantau Tomorrow Vision (planned) [ edit ]
In October 2018, a development project was announced with the intention of creating 1700 hectares of land in the form of new islands off the east coast of Lantau, to house an estimated 1.1 million people. The project has an estimated cost of 500 billion Hong Kong dollars.
Issues [ edit ]
Much reclamation has taken place in prime locations on the waterfront on both sides of Victoria Harbour. This has raised environmental issues of the protection of the harbour which was once the source of prosperity of Hong Kong, traffic congestion in the Central district, as well as the collusion of the Hong Kong Government with the real estate developers in the territory.
Environmental legislation [ edit ]
Gallery [ edit ]
Sha Tin New Town under development in the 1980s
Hong Kong Disneyland Resort under construction (October 2004)
The airport platform of Hong Kong International Airport in 2010
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
- Reclamation and Development in Hong Kong (map), HK Government
- EIA: A survey report of Historical Buildings and Structures within the Project Area of the Central Reclamation Phase III, Chan Sui San Peter for the HK Government, February 2001
- Bard, Solomon (2002). Voices from the past: Hong Kong, 1842–1918. Hong Kong University Press. ISBN 978-962-209-574-8.
- Wordie, Jason (18 April 1999). "Land-grabbing titans who changed HK's profit for good". Hong Kong Standard. Archived from the original on 22 May 2011. Retrieved 4 December 2011.
- "Project Timeline - Three Runway System - Hong Kong International Airport". www.threerunwaysystem.com. Retrieved 12 May 2020.
- "Courts protect our imperiled waterway – at least for the time being". Hong Kong Standard. 14 August 2006. Archived from the original on 19 October 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2007.
- DeGolyer, Michael (15 March 2007). "Commentary: Just Looking for Answers". Hong Kong Standard. Archived from the original on 4 June 2011. Retrieved 23 March 2007.
- Ng, Michael (5 October 2006). "Lawmaker warns of West Kowloon arts venue glut". Hong Kong Standard. Archived from the original on 4 June 2011. Retrieved 23 March 2007.
- Wallis, Keith (12 February 1996). "Bill seeks to protect harbour". Hong Kong Standard. Archived from the original on 4 June 2011. Retrieved 23 March 2007.
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Land reclamation in Hong Kong.|
- Enhancing Land Supply Strategy
- Reclamation History
- Maps of the reclamations
- Detailed list of historical land reclamation projects in Hong Kong (in Chinese)
- Chen Yu, "Transformation of waterfront space in Asian cities: Macau, Hong Kong, Shanghai", National University of Singapore, 2009
- "Enhancing Land Supply Strategy: Reclamation Outside Victoria Harbour and Rock Cavern Development"