Wikipedia

List of British monarchs

Royal coat of arms of the United Kingdom
Royal Arms
The Royal Arms since the accession of Queen Victoria in 1837, featuring the arms of England in both the first and fourth quarters, Scotland in the second and Ireland in the third. In Scotland a separate version is used (shown right), whereby the Arms of Scotland take precedence.[1]

There have been 12 monarchs of the Kingdom of Great Britain and the United Kingdom (see Monarchy of the United Kingdom) since the merger of the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland on 1 May 1707. England and Scotland had been in personal union under the House of Stuart since 24 March 1603.

On 1 January 1801, Great Britain merged with the Kingdom of Ireland (also previously in personal union with Great Britain) to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. After most of Ireland left the union on 6 December 1922, its name was amended on 12 April 1927 to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

House of Stuart (1707–1714) [ edit ]

Anne had been Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland since 8 March 1702, and so became Queen of Great Britain upon the Union of England and Scotland. (Her total reign was 12 years and 21 weeks.)

Name Portrait Arms Birth Marriages Death Claim Ref.
Before the Acts of Union 1707 → See List of English monarchs, List of Scottish monarchs
Anne

1 May 1707



1 August 1714

(7 years, 92 days)
Dahl, Michael - Queen Anne - NPG 6187.jpg Royal Arms of England (1603-1707).svg 6 February 1665

St James's Palace
Daughter of James II and VII

and Anne Hyde
Prince George of Denmark

St James's Palace

28 July 1683

No surviving children
1 August 1714

Kensington Palace

Aged: 49 years, 176 days
Daughter of James II and VII
Cognatic primogeniture
Bill of Rights 1689
[2]

House of Hanover (1714–1901) [ edit ]

The Hanoverian succession came about as a result of the Act of Settlement 1701, passed by the Parliament of England, which excluded "Papists" (i.e. Roman Catholics) from the succession. In return for access to the English plantations in North America and the West Indies, the Hanoverian succession and the Union were ratified by the Parliament of Scotland in 1707.

After the death of Anne, with no living children, her second cousin, George Louis, was the closest heir to the throne who was not Catholic. George was the son of Sophia of Hanover—granddaughter of James VI and I through his daughter Elizabeth.[i]

Name Portrait Arms Birth Marriages Death Claim Ref.
George I

George Louis

1 August 1714[a]



11 June 1727

(12 years, 315 days)
King George I by Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt.jpg Royal Arms of Great Britain (1714-1801).svg 28 May 1660

Leineschloss
Son of Ernest Augustus of Brunswick-Lüneburg

and Sophia of Hanover
Sophia Dorothea of Brunswick-Lüneburg-Celle

21 November 1682

2 children
11 June 1727

Osnabrück

Aged 67 years, 30 days
Great-grandson of James VI and I
Act of Settlement
Eldest son of Sophia of Hanover
[3]
George II

George Augustus

11 June 1727[b][c]



25 October 1760

(33 years, 126 days)
George II by Thomas Hudson.jpg Royal Arms of Great Britain (1714-1801).svg 30 October 1683

Herrenhausen
Son of George I

and Sophia Dorothea of Brunswick-Lüneburg-Celle
Caroline of Brandenburg-Ansbach

22 August 1705

Herrenhausen

8 children
25 October 1760

Kensington Palace

Aged 76 years, 361 days
Son of George I [4]
George III

George William Frederick

25 October 1760[d]



29 January 1820

(59 years, 97 days)
Allan Ramsay - King George III in coronation robes - Google Art Project.jpg Royal Arms of United Kingdom (1816-1837).svg 4 June 1738

Norfolk House
Son of Prince Frederick

and Augusta of Saxe-Gotha
Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

St James's Palace

8 September 1761

15 children
29 January 1820

Windsor Castle

Aged 81 years, 239 days
Grandson of George II [5]
George IV

George Augustus Frederick

29 January 1820[e]



26 June 1830

(10 years, 149 days)
George IV 1821 color.jpg Royal Arms of United Kingdom (1816-1837).svg 12 August 1762

St James's Palace
Son of George III

and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
(1)Maria Fitzherbert

Park Lane

15 September 1785

No verified children
(2)Caroline of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel

St James's Palace

8 April 1795

1 daughter
26 June 1830

Windsor Castle

Aged 67 years, 318 days
Sons of George III [6]
William IV

William Henry

26 June 1830[f]



20 June 1837

(6 years, 360 days)
William IV.jpg Royal Arms of United Kingdom (1816-1837).svg 21 August 1765

Buckingham Palace
Son of George III

and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen

Kew Palace

13 July 1818

2 daughters
20 June 1837

Windsor Castle

Aged 71 years, 303 days
[7]
Victoria

Alexandrina Victoria

20 June 1837[g]



22 January 1901

(63 years, 217 days)
Queen Victoria 1843.jpg Arms of the United Kingdom (Variant 1).svg 24 May 1819

Kensington Palace
Daughter of the Duke of Kent and Strathearn

and Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

St James's Palace

10 February 1840

9 children
22 January 1901

Osborne House

aged 81 years, 243 days
Granddaughter of George III [8]

House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (1901–1917) and Windsor (from 1917) [ edit ]

Due to his father Albert, Prince Consort, being of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Edward VII inaugurated a new royal house when he succeeded his mother Victoria, the last monarch of the House of Hanover, in 1901. George V changed the name of the House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha to the House of Windsor on 17 July 1917,[9] during the First World War, because of wartime anti-German sentiment in the country.

Name Portrait Arms Birth Marriages Death Claim Ref.
Edward VII

Albert Edward

22 January 1901[h]



6 May 1910

(9 years, 105 days)
King Edward VII by Sir (Samuel) Luke Fildes.jpg Arms of the United Kingdom (Variant 1).svg 9 November 1841

Buckingham Palace
Son of Victoria

and Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
Alexandra of Denmark

St George's Chapel

10 March 1863

6 children
6 May 1910

Buckingham Palace

aged 68 years, 178 days
Son of Victoria [10]
George V

George Frederick Ernest Albert

6 May 1910[i]



20 January 1936

(25 years, 260 days)
King George V 1911.jpg Arms of the United Kingdom (Variant 1).svg 3 June 1865

Marlborough House
Son of Edward VII

and Alexandra of Denmark
Mary of Teck

St James's Palace

6 July 1893

6 children
20 January 1936

Sandringham House

aged 70 years, 231 days
Son of Edward VII [11]
Edward VIII

Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David

20 January 1936[j]



11 December 1936

(Abdicated after 326 days)
Edward VIII Portrait - 1936.jpg Arms of the United Kingdom (Variant 1).svg 23 June 1894

White Lodge
Son of George V

and Mary of Teck
Wallis Simpson

Château de Candé

3 June 1937

No children
28 May 1972

Neuilly-sur-Seine

aged 77 years, 340 days
Sons of George V [12]
George VI

Albert Frederick Arthur George

11 December 1936[k]



6 February 1952

(15 years, 58 days)
King George VI.jpg Arms of the United Kingdom (Variant 1).svg 14 December 1895

Sandringham House
Son of George V

and Mary of Teck
Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon

Westminster Abbey

26 April 1923

2 daughters
6 February 1952

Sandringham House

aged 56 years, 54 days
[13]
Elizabeth II

Elizabeth Alexandra Mary

6 February 1952[l]



Present

(67 years, 221 days)
QEII.png Arms of the United Kingdom.svg 21 April 1926

Mayfair
Daughter of George VI

and Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon
Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark

Westminster Abbey

20 November 1947

4 children
Living

Age 93 years, 146 days[ii]
Daughter of George VI [14]

Timeline of British monarchs [ edit ]

Elizabeth II George VI Edward VIII George V Edward VII Queen Victoria William IV of the United Kingdom George IV of the United Kingdom George III of the United Kingdom George II of Great Britain George I of Great Britain Anne, Queen of Great Britain House of Windsor House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha House of Hanover House of Stuart

See also [ edit ]

Notes [ edit ]

  1. ^ For a family tree showing King George I's relationship to Queen Anne, see George I of Great Britain § Family tree.
  2. ^ Updated daily according to UTC

Coronations

  1. ^ King George I was crowned on 20 October 1714.
  2. ^ King George II was crowned on 11 October 1727 with Queen Caroline.
  3. ^ Dates of start of reign and coronation given in Old Style calendar; date of death in New Style. (Duration of reign takes this into account.)
  4. ^ King George III was crowned on 22 September 1761 with Queen Charlotte.
  5. ^ King George IV was crowned on 19 July 1821.
  6. ^ King William IV was crowned on 8 September 1831 with Queen Adelaide.
  7. ^ Queen Victoria was crowned on 28 June 1838.
  8. ^ King Edward VII was crowned on 9 August 1902 with Queen Alexandra.
  9. ^ King George V was crowned on 22 May 1911 with Queen Mary.
  10. ^ King Edward VIII was not crowned.
  11. ^ King George VI was crowned on 12 May 1937 with Queen Elizabeth.
  12. ^ Queen Elizabeth II was crowned on 2 June 1953.

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ "Coats of arms". royal.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 4 March 2009. Retrieved 9 May 2011. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  2. ^ "Anne (r. 1702–1714)". royal.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 25 January 2018. Retrieved 16 January 2018. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  3. ^ "George I (r. 1714–1727)". royal.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 7 May 2016. Retrieved 12 January 2018. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  4. ^ "George II (r. 1727–1760)". royal.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 7 May 2016. Retrieved 12 January 2018. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  5. ^ "George III (r. 1760–1820)". royal.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 20 May 2018. Retrieved 12 January 2018. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  6. ^ "King George IV (r. 1820–1830)". royal.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 19 August 2017. Retrieved 12 January 2018. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  7. ^ "William IV (r. 1830–1837)". royal.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 21 September 2017. Retrieved 12 January 2018. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  8. ^ "Victoria ( r. 1837–1901)". royal.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 25 January 2018. Retrieved 12 January 2018. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  9. ^ "No. 30186". The London Gazette. 17 July 1917. p. 7119.
  10. ^ "Edward VII (r.1901–1910)". royal.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 25 January 2018. Retrieved 12 January 2018. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  11. ^ "George V (r. 1910–1936)". royal.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 25 January 2018. Retrieved 12 January 2018. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  12. ^ "Edward VIII (Jan–Dec 1936)". royal.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 7 May 2016. Retrieved 3 August 2010. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  13. ^ "George VI (r.1936–1952)". royal.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 1 December 2017. Retrieved 12 January 2018. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  14. ^ "Her Majesty The Queen". royal.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 23 August 2018. Retrieved 12 January 2018. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)

External links [ edit ]

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