List of Mongol states

This is a list of Mongol states. The Mongols founded many states such as the vast Mongol Empire and other states. The list of states is chronological but follows the development of different dynasties.

Pre-modern states [ edit ]

Name Years Area Map Capital
Khanates in the 10th–12th centuries
Khamag Mongol Khanate 900s–1206 Mongol Empire c.1207.png
Merkit Khanate XI–mid XII
Kerait Khanate −1203
Naiman Khanate −1204
Tatar Khanate VI—X/(IX – mid XII?)
Flag of the Mongol Empire.svg Mongol Empire
Mongol Empire 1206–1368 24,000,000 km2[1] Mongol dominions.jpg Avarga (1206–35)

Karakorum (1235–60)

Khanbaliq (1260–1368)
Yuan dynasty
Yuan dynasty 1271–1368 14,000,000 km2 (1310)[2] Yuen Dynasty 1294 - Goryeo as vassal.png Khanbaliq

(Dadu, Beijing)
Flag of Golden Horde-2-.svg Golden Horde
Golden Horde 1240–1502 6,000,000 km2 (1310)[3] GoldenHorde1300.png Sarai Batu
Great Horde 1466–1502
Flag of the Chagatai Khanate.svg Chagatai Khanate
Chagatai Khanate 1225–1340s 3,500,000 km2 (1310)[3][2] Chagatai Khanate map en.svg Almaliq

Western Chagatai Khanate 1340s–1370
Moghulistan 1340–1462 Mongolia XVI.png
Kara Del Khanate 1383–1513
Flag of the Ilkhanate.svg Ilkhanate
Ilkhanate 1256–1335 3,750,000 km2

Ilkhanate in 1256–1353.PNG Maragha (1256–1265)

Tabriz (1265–1306)

Soltaniyeh (1306–1335)
Chobanids 1335–1357 IranaftertheIlkhanate.png Tabriz
Injuids 1335–1357 Baghdad (Till 1411)

Basra (1411–1432)
Jalayirid Sultanate 1335–1432 Baghdad (Till 1411)

Basra (1411–1432)
Arghun dynasty 1479?–1599?
Genghisid Northern Yuan dynasty
Northern Yuan dynasty

1368–1691 5,000,000 km2 (1550)[2] Mongolia XVI.png Shangdu (1368–69)

Yingchang (1369–70)

Karakorum (1371–88)
Khotogoid Khanate

(subject of the Northern Yuan)
late 16th – late 17th century Mongolia XVII.png in Mongolia
Oirats – Non-Genghisid states
Four Oirat 1399–1634 1,000,000 km2

(15th – late 16th)

~1,600,000 km2

(early 17th century)
Mongolia XVI.png
Zunghar Khanate 1634–1758 3,500,000–4,000,000 km2 Mongolia XVII.png
Khoshut Khanate 1642?–1717 ~1,400,000 km2
Kalmyk Khanate 1630–1771
Timurid states (Persianate Turco-Mongol states)
Timurid Empire 1370–1507 4,400,000 km2 (1405)[4] Das Reich Timur-i Lenks (1365-1405).GIF Samarkand (1370–1505)

Mughal Empire 1526–1857 3,200,000 km2 (1700) The Mughal Empire.jpg Agra (1526–1571)

Fatehpur Sikri (1571–1585)

Lahore (1585–1598)

Agra (1598–1648)

Shahjahanabad/Delhi (1648–1857)
Other states/Khanate
Khanate of Sibir 1468–1598 Siberian Khanate map English revised.svg Chimgi-Tura/Qashliq

Modern states [ edit ]

Name Years Area Map Capital
Buryat-Mongol Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic

1919–1926[5][6][7][8] In Kizhinginsky District, Buryatia
Republic of Oirat-Kalmyk 1930 Kalmykia
Flag of Inner-Mongolian Autonomous Government.svg Inner Mongolian People's Republic 1945 Xilin Gol Sonid
Flag of Bogd Khaanate Mongolia.svg Bogd Khanate of Mongolia 1911–1924 Mongolia 1915.jpg Ikh Khuree

Flag of the Mongolian People's Republic (1945–1992).svg People's Republic of Mongolia 1924–1992 Ulaanbaatar
Flag of Mongolia.svg Mongolia 1992–present 1,564,115.75 km2 Un-mongolia.png
Flag of Buryatia.svgRepublic of Buryatia

(Russian federal subject)
1990–present Ulan-Ude

Autonomous areas [ edit ]

In Russia [ edit ]

Name Years Capital Area Map
State of Buryat-Mongolia 1917–1921 Chita
Mongol-Buryat Autonomous Oblast 1922–1923
Buryat-Mongol Autonomous Oblast 1921–1923
Buryat-Mongol Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic 1923–1958 Ulan-Ude Buryat-Mongol ASSR in 1925.jpg
Buryat Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic 1958–1992 Russia - Buryat Republic (2008-01).svg
Republic of Buryatia 1992–present 351,300 km2

Agin Buryat-Mongol National Okrug 1937–1958 Aginskoye Russia - Agin-Buryat Autonomous Okrug (2008-01).svg
Agin-Buryat National Okrug 1958–1977
Agin-Buryat Autonomous Okrug 1977–2008
Agin-Buryat Okrug 2008–present 9,6002

Ust-Orda Buryat-Mongolian Autonomous Okrug 1937–1958 Ust-Ordynsky RussiaUst-OrdaBuryatia2007-07.svg
Ust-Orda Buryat National Okrug 1958–1978
Ust-Orda Buryat Autonomous Okrug 1978–2008
Ust-Orda Buryat Okrug 2008–present 22,1382

Kalmyk Autonomous Oblast 1920–1935

Astrakhan (till 1928)

Kalmyk Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic 1935–1943


Russia - Republic of Kalmykia (2008-01).svg
Kalmyk Soviet Socialist Republic 1990–1992
Kalmyk Republic-Halmg-Tangch 1992–1994
Kalmyk Republic 1994–present 76,100 km2

In China [ edit ]

Name Years Capital Area Map
Mengjiang state 1936–1945 Kalgan

Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region 1947–present Huhhot 1,183,000 km2

Inner Mongolia in China (+all claims hatched).svg
Gansu Province
Subei Mongol Autonomous County Location of Subei within Gansu (China).png
Hebei Province
Weichang Manchu and Mongol Autonomous County
Heilongjiang Province
Dorbod Mongol Autonomous County
Jilin Province
Qian Gorlos Mongol Autonomous County
Liaoning Province
Harqin Left Mongol Autonomous County
Fuxin Mongol Autonomous County
Qinghai Province
Haixi Mongol and Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture Qinghai subdivisions - Haixi.svg
Henan Mongol Autonomous County
Xinjiang Province
Bayingolin Mongol Autonomous Prefecture Korla 462,700 km2

China Xinjiang Bayingolin.svg
Bortala Mongol Autonomous Prefecture Bortala

China Xinjiang Bortala.svg
Hoboksar Mongol Autonomous County Hoboksar

Location of Hoboksar within Xinjiang (China).png

See also [ edit ]

Maps [ edit ]

References [ edit ]

  1. ^ Turchin, Peter; Adams, Jonathan M.; Hall, Thomas D. (December 2006). "East-West Orientation of Historical Empires". Journal of World-Systems Research. 12 (2): 222–223. ISSN 1076-156X. Archived from the original on 17 September 2016. Retrieved 25 August 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d Rein Taagepera (September 1997). "Expansion and Contraction Patterns of Large Polities: Context for Russia". International Studies Quarterly 41 (3): 475–504.
  3. ^ a b c Jonathan M. Adams, Thomas D. Hall and Peter Turchin (2006). East-West Orientation of Historical Empires.Journal of World-Systems Research (University of Connecticut). 12 (no. 2): 219–229.
  4. ^ Turchin, Peter; Adams, Jonathan M.; Hall, Thomas D. (2015). "East-West Orientation of Historical Empires and Modern States". Journal of World-Systems Research. 12 (2): 219. doi:10.5195/jwsr.2006.369. ISSN 1076-156X. open access
  5. ^ Бидия ДандаронArchived 6 February 2016 at the Wayback Machine (Russian)
  6. ^ Балагатское движениеArchived 28 March 2013 at the Wayback Machine (Russian)
  7. ^ Теократическое движение в Хоринском ведомстве Бурятии :1919–1926 гг. (Russian)
  8. ^ БАЛАГАТСКОЕ ДВИЖЕНИЕArchived 14 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine (Russian)

Bibliography [ edit ]

  • Andrews, Peter A. (1999). Felt tents and pavilions: the nomadic tradition and its interaction with princely tentage, Volume 1. Melisende. ISBN 1-901764-03-6. CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Janhunen, Juha (2003a). "Proto-Mongolic". In Janhunen, J. (ed.). The Mongolic languages. pp. 1–29. CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Janhunen, Juha (2003b). "Para-Mongolic". In Janhunen, J. (ed.). The Mongolic languages. pp. 391–402. CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Weiers, Michael (ed.) (1986): Die Mongolen. Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft.
  • Dughlát Muhammad Haidar, Norbert Elias, Edward Denison Ross – The Tarikh-i-rashidi
  • Henry Hoyle Howorth-History of the Mongols
  • Herbert Franke, Denis Twitchett, John King Fairbank -The Cambridge History of China: Alien regimes and border states, 907–1368
  • William Bayne Fisher, Peter Jackson, Laurence Lockhart, J. A. Boyle -The Cambridge history of Iran, 5
  • Konstantin Nikolaevich Maksimov – Kalmykia in Russia's past and present national policies and administrative system
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